Evergreen Dogwood Care – Learn How To Grow Evergreen Dogwood Trees

Evergreen Dogwood Care – Learn How To Grow Evergreen Dogwood Trees

By: Liz Baessler

Evergreen dogwoods are beautiful tall trees grown for their fragrant flowers and remarkable fruit. Keep reading to learn more Cornus capitata information, including tips on evergreen dogwood care and how to grow an evergreen dogwood tree.

Cornus Capitata Information

Evergreen dogwood trees (Cornus capitata) are hardy down to USDA zone 8. They are native to east and Southeast Asia but can be grown in warm climates all over the world. They can grow as high as 50 feet (15 m.) in height, though they tend to top out between 20 and 40 feet (6-12 m.).

In the summer, they produce very fragrant flowers, which are very small and surrounded by 4 to 6 bracts that are often mistaken for petals. The bracts come in shades of white, yellow, and pink. These flowers give way to very distinctive fruits that are actually dozens of tiny fruits fused together.

These fruits are pink to red, about an inch in diameter (2.5 cm.) and round but bumpy. They are edible and sweet, but they can cause a litter problem if the tree is planted near a walkway. The leaves are dark and evergreen, though they are sometimes known to turn red to purple and partially drop in autumn.

How to Grow an Evergreen Dogwood Tree

Like many dogwood varieties, evergreen dogwood trees can thrive in both sun and shade. They do best in moist, clay to loam soil. They prefer acidity, but they can tolerate light alkalinity. They need a lot of water.

The trees are monoecious, which means they can self-pollinate. It’s important to bear in mind, however, that they will not flower for 8 to 10 years if they are grown from seed. It’s best to start the trees from cuttings if you want to see flowers or fruit within the decade.

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The Evergreen Dogwood Tree: A Front Yard Treasure

This particular Evergreen Dogwood lives across the street in my friend Jess’ yard where it remained a secret for a number of years. I wasn’t aware of its presence until a few months ago. On a warm, sunny Tuesday when my good friend Brad showed up to service my lawn, I noticed him in Jess’ yard with his camera. He was photographing a tree about 8 feet tall that was growing behind some shrubs a couple of feet away from the front of Jess’ home.

In all the years I’ve known Brad, I’ve never known him to take photographs of anything. In fact, I didn’t know he owned a camera. I was so curious that I rushed across the street to see what was so important to him.

Evergreen Dogwood

A wonderful plant that is probably not very well known is the Evergreen Dogwood. Most Dogwoods are deciduous but the Evergreen variety is long flowering and has leaves all year round a beautiful tree in the garden.

Plant details

Common name: Evergreen Dogwood or Himalayan Dogwood

Botanic name: Cornus capitata

Description: An evergreen tree that is long flowering and grows to about 6-9m (20-30′) tall, depending on the soil and rainfall. Flowers are creamy yellow followed by red fruit.

Best climate: Evergreen Dogwood is best suited to the cooler zones of Australia south from Sydney and Perth and in the mountainous zones along the Great Dividing Range.

Best look: A feature tree in the garden, particularly in a cottage garden.

Good points:

Long flowering with smallish greeny-yellow flowers that mature into a creamy yellow and fade to a faint pink through the cream.

  • After flowering, fleshy crimson red strawberry-shaped fruit appear on the tree.
  • Evergreen tree with leaves all year round.
  • Downside:

    As it is grown from a seedling will take about six years before flowering.
    When a young tree the leaves can hang a bit through winter, appearing in trouble but this is its normal growth style.

    fertile, well-drained soil in cool, moist tablelands
    protect from dry winds
    water well in summer

    Getting started:

    The Evergreen Dogwood may be difficult to find at your local nursery so ask them to order it in for you. It costs around $18 for a 20cm (8″) pot and $40 for a 25cm (10″) pot.

    Cornus capitata

    Cornus capitata is a species of dogwood known by the common names Bentham's cornel, evergreen dogwood, Himalayan flowering dogwood, and Himalayan strawberry-tree. [1] It is native to the low-elevation woodlands of the Himalayas in China, India, and surrounding nations and it is naturalized in parts of Australia and New Zealand. It is grown elsewhere as an ornamental. This is an evergreen tree growing to 12 meters in height and width. The leaves are gray-green and pale and fuzzy underneath, and several centimeters long. It flowers during the summer in white blooms. The infructescence is a small aggregate of several individual fruits fused into a red body 2 or 3 centimeters across. It is edible but sometimes bitter. There are several varieties and hybrids.

    Benthamia fragifera
    Benthamidia capitata
    Dendrobenthamia capitata

    The species is naturalised in the states of New South Wales and Victoria in Australia. [1]

    1. ^ ab"Cornus capitata". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government . Retrieved 24 July 2013 .

    This Asterid article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

    Defra's Risk register #3

    Plant name

    Cornus capitata (Headed-flowered dogwood)

    Common pest name

    Black timber bark beetle Smaller alnus bark beetle tea root borer

    Scientific pest name

    Current status in UK

    Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

    Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

    General biosecurity comments

    Ambrosia beetle affecting a wide range of trees and woody hosts. Widespread in Europe and elsewhere and now present in the south of England. Impacts can be reduced by good silvicultural practices. Surveillance is being carried out to better determine distribution.

    About this section

    Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

    Date updated: 7 th March 2019 For more information visit:

    In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant to your plant lists.

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