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Homemade ficus Benjamin: how to care, watering, transplanting, reproduction

Homemade ficus Benjamin: how to care, watering, transplanting, reproduction


Houseplants Published: August 30, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Ficus has always been one of the most popular indoor plants, and this is not surprising, since ficus is an unpretentious, evergreen plant that adapts well to new conditions. And for those who are constantly busy, such a non-capricious and at the same time beautiful plant is quite suitable. Among all species and varieties of ficus, Benjamin's ficus attracts most of all - either by its atypicality in the general row of ficuses, or by its similarity with completely different plants ... It's hard to say. But interest in this plant is growing every year.

What you need to know about Benjamin's ficusto grow it successfully in your apartment?

Description

First, we should not forget that this plant is not in our latitudes. It is native to the subtropical and tropical forests of India, China, Southeast Asia. Ficus Benjamin grows both in the Philippines and in northern Australia.

Ficus Benjamina (lat.Ficus benjamina) belongs to the evergreen plants of the Mulberry family of the genus Ficus.

Even Benjamin's indoor ficus looks like a small tree. It has a short trunk with a smooth gray-beige bark. The crown is branched. Since the plant is tropical, it has numerous characteristic aerial roots. In the wild, this evergreen tree or shrub can reach a height of 20-30 m.Its graceful, beautiful oblong-oval leaves with a pointed top reach a length of 6 to 13 cm and a width of 2 to 6 cm.

How to care for Benjamin's ficus at home

Caring for a tropical plant requires special knowledge and certain skills. Ficus Benjamin is placed under diffused light away from direct sunlight - he, unlike ficus with solid green leaves, does not like them.

Spraying and watering

Even worse than too bright lighting, this ficus tolerates dry air, since in nature it lives in high humidity conditions. However, this does not mean at all that one should water the ficus more often and more - excessive or too abundant watering can lead to root rot disease of the plant, as a result of which its beautiful leaves will be covered with dark spots. It is necessary to water Benjamin's ficus sparingly, not flooding it with water, but also without waiting for it to start shedding its leaves from thirst, and a spider mite will settle on it. Increased air humidity is achieved by daily spraying of ficus leaves, in hot weather - multiple spraying.

Ficus Benjamin's leaves are falling

By the way, the most common problem faced by the owners of ficuses is precisely leaf fall, since there are many factors that provoke this phenomenon:

  • insufficient or excessive soil moisture;
  • dry air, temperature drops (including drafts);
  • just uncomfortable air temperature for ficus (below 17 ºC or above 23 ºC);
  • lack of light;
  • watering carried out with cold water.

All this can cause the loss of leaves by ficus.

Essential care for Benjamin's ficus

And yet, despite this feature, Benjamin's ficus can be considered an unpretentious plant, since it is not at all difficult to comply with the conditions for its cultivation.

Here is an approximate list of the requirements of the ficus to the owner:

  • constantly humidify the air (spray the plant 1-2 times a day);
  • keep the plant out of direct sunlight, but not in the shade;
  • moisten the soil as needed - the earthen lump should not dry out or rot from excess moisture;
  • protect the tree from drafts;
  • loosen the soil in the pot;
  • do not forget about feeding.

Transfer

A plant brought from a store is usually transplanted from a shipping container into a permanent pot only after two to three weeks, giving the plant time to adapt to a new home. But sometimes the ficus still begins to lose leaves. Professionals say that this is how the tree reacts to changing conditions.

If you do not know how to transplant Benjamin's ficus, follow these rules:

  • you can transplant a flower from a shipping pot in 2-3 weeks after purchase;
  • for transplanting, use universal soil or a special soil mixture for ficuses;
  • after transplantation, the plant is not fed for two weeks, although in general Benjdamine's ficus needs frequent feeding;
  • an adult plant is recommended to be transplanted every two to three years, and this is best done in the spring, using a loose substrate for ficuses and not forgetting to place a drainage layer in the pot;
  • old ficus can be rejuvenated by removing dried branches.

Despite the observance of these rules, the ficus during transplantation may still lose its leaves for several weeks - but there's nothing you can do about it, you will have to wait for the plant to take root.

Reproduction

My gorgeous ficus became the envy of my friends - flora lovers, and then I had to think about the methods of reproduction of Benjamin's ficus. The easiest way is to cut off the apical stalk with leaves and root it in water, and then plant it in the ground. But you can root cuttings immediately in moist soil - thanks to its aerial roots, the ficus takes root very easily.

The method of propagation by air layering is also common among experienced flower growers: a circular incision is made on the stem of the ficus, which is tied with wet moss, the top of the moss and the section of the stem are hermetically closed with a film or a transparent plastic bag so that the moss does not dry out, and after two months, when the bag with moss is filled roots, the stem is cut below the layering and planted in the ground. There is one caveat: Benjamin's ficus needs to be propagated in the summer, since in other seasons it is busy either growing or relaxing. And, by the way, try to rearrange the ficus as rarely as possible - most of all he loves peace.

Literature

  1. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Indoor plants Ornamental deciduous Indoor trees Shade-tolerant Mulberry


How to properly care for the Kinki ficus

The ficus Kinki gained its popularity due to its relative undemandingness to growing conditions and high decorativeness. In addition, the tropical culture is valued for its variety of varieties, species and resistance to diseases parasitizing insects. But in order to achieve the desired result, it is necessary to familiarize yourself in more detail with the features of this amazing plant and find out what care measures it needs.


What is gardenia

At home, only such a species as Gardenia jasminoides is grown. In indoor conditions, a gardenia bush grows, as a rule, up to 45-50 centimeters. It has leaves of extraordinary beauty, which shine and are colored dark green.

Gardenia blooms for quite a long time, namely, from July to almost the last days of October. If this flower is well looked after, then buds will be visible on its shoots, and then flowers in very large quantities. Its double flowers are large enough and have a white color. They are very similar to roses and have an excellent scent.

This plant is able to decorate absolutely any room, successfully fitting into its interior and adding a certain sophistication.

Gardenia is very demanding and capricious. There should be no drafts in the room where it is located, and only soft water is suitable for irrigation. Also, this flower is warm and light-loving, and feels great when the humidity in the room is quite high. If you take care of your gardenia correctly, then you will definitely be rewarded for your efforts with an abundance of lovely flowers.

Often this wonderful flower is given as a gift, and its new owner hardly knows how to care for it. And there are often cases when gardenia dies due to a change in habitat and changes in temperature. Despite the fact that it is quite difficult to "make friends" with this beauty, it is undoubtedly worth it.


Ficus Benjamin

Ficus Benjamin, due to its appearance and its unpretentiousness, fell in love with many. I have been growing for a long time too. I have a common green form of this plant. I decided to write about it, focusing on the way the plant is formed.

Description of the plant

Ficus Benjamin is a large decorative leafy plant from the Mulberry family. It does not bloom in indoor conditions. Appreciated, in my opinion, for the ability to create a large green screen. Indoors it can grow up to 3 meters. Despite its unpretentiousness, there are some wishes for the conditions of detention.

Growing conditions

Planting, transplanting, reproduction

The plant grows quickly, therefore it requires a fertile and loose soil.

In garden stores, you can buy ready-made soil for ficuses. A drainage layer is needed at the bottom of the pot. Due to the high growth rate, an annual transfer to a slightly larger pot is required. When my first ficus was already outgrowing a very large pot, I began to renew only the top layer of the earth.
Ficus can be propagated by seeds and cuttings. Cuttings root easily in plain water.

Watering and feeding

I use settled water for irrigation. I water it regularly, as soon as the top layer of the earth dries up. From mid-November to February, I water less often, once a week. This allows a location remote from the central heating battery. I spray the adult plant periodically because of the dry air. Also during this period I reduce the regular feeding. Any dressing is suitable for ornamental deciduous plants.

Growing features

Ficus quickly becomes a tall tree. Because of this, I presented one of my ficus plants to my friends in their office. The next one was trimmed to make it look like a bush. But one day, unexpectedly, another variant of the formation was found. When replanting plants, I found that there were not enough pots for all the rooted cuttings of ficus. In order not to throw out the extra ones, I placed three cuttings at once in the center of the pot (someone will call this a bouquet planting).

Thanks to this planting, the young plant looks immediately more voluminous. The photo shows a matured plant. As I grow, I cut each of the planted cuttings, adhering to the rules for pruning trees. Now I only use this method if I propagate my ficus. So it's not boring at all with Benjamin's ficus.


Growing and caring for Benjamin's ficus at home

Ficus Benjamin is an evergreen plant of the Mulberry family. Outwardly, it resembles a small tree, the short trunk of which is covered with gray-beige bark. The native land of the plant is the tropics of Asia. In the wild, in conditions of high temperature and constant humidity, it can reach a height of 20 meters. Ficus Benjamin, due to its foliage, is considered decorative. At home, caring for him is not easy, since the plant makes high demands on the conditions of detention.

  • 1 Description
  • 2 Home care
    • 2.1 Lighting
    • 2.2 Temperature control and spraying
    • 2.3 Watering and feeding
    • 2.4 Transfer
    • 2.5 Crown formation
  • 3 Reproduction
  • 4 Growing problems
  • 5 Pests and diseases
  • 6 Benefits for the home

The height of an indoor shrub can reach only 1.5–2 meters. He has an invasive root system, that is, the roots not only grow in depth, but also actively develop the soil surface. Only wild species bloom and bear fruit.

The branches of the tree bend downward and branch well. Leaves, depending on the variety, can have an oblong or lanceolate shape with pointed tips, reach a length of 11 cm. The surface of the leaf plates is very smooth and has a beautiful glossy sheen. The color of ficuses can vary from a pale light green shade to a rich dark. You can also find variegated plant forms with light green or cream spots and strokes.

After purchasing the ficus Benjamin, you must immediately put it in a permanent place. He does not like when he is often rearranged or even just turned the pot with the plant, perceiving the change in the light source extremely negatively.

Most often, the bush reacts to external stimuli by falling foliage with greater or lesser intensity.

In order for Benjamin's ficus to grow and develop normally, you should choose the right place for its cultivation. It should be light, but the flower should be protected from direct sunlight. With the onset of summer, the plant is well shaded, excluding the possibility of burning the leaf blades. It is best to put it on the east window, where the sun appears only in the morning and evening.

Variegated varieties require much more lighting than monochromatic plants. Therefore, on the northern window, ficuses with a rich green color feel very good. Variegated specimens are best placed on the west side of the apartment. Alternatively, you can consider the places next to the south-facing window, as in this plan the east side will not be sufficiently lit.

Quite often, Benjamin's ficuses are placed in the corners of the apartment. In this case, it is necessary to provide additional lighting with fluorescent lamps or special phyto-lamps. Lighting fixtures should be installed directly above the growth points, as this allows the crown to form symmetrically.

Ficus Benjamin grows well at a temperature of + 19 ... + 25 degrees. In winter, limited watering and temperatures of + 15… + 17 degrees are ideal. If it falls below this value, then the tree will massively fall off the foliage. If it is not possible to remove the plant from a cool room, it is necessary to insulate the earth well. This will help him to live without the usual warmth.

In order for the ficus to grow well, you should take care of it by regularly spraying its crown. For these purposes, you need to use warm boiled or filtered water. Spray it evenly, holding the spray gun at a distance of 15-25 cm from the flower. You can also completely atone for the ficus, using a shower for this, which will completely rid the plant of dust in hard-to-reach places. The main thing is to protect the soil from water jets during washing.

Since ficuses do not require a large amount of moisture, it is often not recommended to water them. Otherwise, their leaf color will change and the roots may even rot. Water the plant only when the topsoil in the pot is completely dry. But it is impossible to allow the earth to dry out, because of which the leaves will begin to fall off. The frequency of watering depends on the season: in winter, they do it much less often than in summer.

Caring for Benjamin's ficus involves feeding. In spring and autumn, universal fertilizers are used for decorative deciduous crops. The concentration of the solution should be slightly less than indicated in the instructions. In winter, fertilizers are not applied, and the rest of the time the plant is fed once a month.

Ficuses also respond well to foliar feeding. For processing the crown use the composition "Epin", which helps to stimulate the rapid growth of new shoots. If young leaves have acquired a yellowish tint, then this indicates an iron deficiency. In this case, special fertilizers are used:

  • "Ferrovit" is a complex universal preparation for domestic plants that stimulates photochemical reactions. It effectively deals with the problem of chlorosis and yellowing of leaves.
  • Iron chelate is a highly effective modern remedy, which contains the most important trace element - ferrous iron ions Fe.

Before feeding the plant, the soil is watered.

Young ficus Benjamin needs to be replanted every year. The most favorable time for such a procedure is the beginning of spring. The frequency of transplanting for an adult plant is every 3-4 years. The soil substrate should be loose and saturated with nutrients.

Ficus Benjamin transplant

The following mixture is used for transplantation:

  • sand - 1 part
  • leaf land - 2 parts
  • peat land - 1 part
  • well decomposed compost - 1 part.

The pot needs to be taken 2 fingers wider than the previous one. Ficus is carefully poured in and taken out together with an earthen lump. Then the plant is placed in a new pot and sprinkled with fresh soil. It should be fed only after 2 weeks.

When caring for Benjamin's indoor ficus, its crown must be formed. This is done in the spring and summer. The branches are cut depending on the desired crown length, but not more than 1/3.

Anti-aging pruning is carried out for old plants, as a result of which young shoots begin to grow from the axillary buds. Thinning is also carried out inside the crown, creating additional lighting for the leaves.

The easiest way to propagate ficus is by cuttings. To do this, cut off any twigs 15–20 cm in length from the plant. The cuttings are kept in warm water for 2 hours so that the white juice comes out, then the tips are rinsed and placed in a container with clean boiled water. To reduce the risk of decay, charcoal should be added to the liquid. After the roots appear, the cuttings are planted in the ground, covered with a jar or plastic bag. As they grow, the film is gradually removed.

When propagating by seeds, planting material is sown in the ground in the spring, covered with foil and placed in a warm, bright place. Seeds germinate in 3-4 weeks. After the appearance of several leaves, the ficuses are transplanted into separate pots.

Propagation by air layers is used only for rare plant varieties. In this case, an annular incision is made on the bark, which is wrapped with moistened peat moss and a layer of polyethylene on top. After 2 months, the bag with moss is filled with roots, the stem is cut off below the cuttings and planted in the soil.

Ficus Benjamin is a rather capricious plant. Improper care of him affects his appearance.

If leaves fall, then most often this is due to rearranging the pot, watering with cold water, lack of lighting, temperature changes, drafts, and untimely plant transplantation.

Drilling at the edges or tips of the leaves indicates that the flower is hot or there is too much fertilizer in the soil. This phenomenon can also occur with insufficient air humidity. It is necessary to ventilate the room more often and spray the plant.

Slow growth and the appearance of small leaves indicate a lack of nutrients. If at the same time the ficus is strongly weakened, then feeding is applied in half the dose, which is recommended according to the instructions. To increase the deciduous mass, the flower is watered with mullein infusion (1:10) or fertilizer with a high nitrogen content is used.

If the foliage turns yellow and the plant discards it prematurely, then this is due to waterlogging of the soil. To get rid of the problem, you should adjust the irrigation regime. Poorly developed shoots and deformed leaves in ficus in winter indicate an excess of nitrogen. You need to stop feeding the flower and place it next to the light source.

If a spider mite attacked Benjamin's ficus, then white dots appear on the leaves. They begin to turn yellow and fall off prematurely. Ticks actively reproduce at high air temperatures and low humidity. Acaricides help fight these pests:

  • Sunmight
  • "Actellic"
  • Fitoverm.

The appearance of thrips is indicated by the whitish surface of the leaves, on the underside of which they lay eggs. The infected plant must be isolated and treated with insecticides - "Aktara", "Iskra", "Vermitekom", "Mospilanom".

Scabbards settle on the underside of the leaves and trunk. They secrete a sticky sap that attracts sooty fungus. You need to fight the pest in stages:

  • a cotton pad is moistened in alcohol and mechanically remove insects
  • the plant is treated with systemic drugs, for example, "Aktara"
  • a week later, the ficus is sprayed with insecticides - "Commander", "Confidor".

Of the diseases, this plant most often affects anthracnose, which causes a pathogenic fungus. Dark brown spots appear on the leaves. They gradually merge and grow, which leads to the death of the flower. Infected leaves should be removed, and the plant should be treated with fungicides (Fitosporin, Rovral). It is necessary to reduce watering and ventilate the room as often as possible.

The development of gray mold occurs due to high humidity and high temperatures. The affected parts of the ficus are covered with gray mold, they darken and die off, as a result of which they are removed, and watering is reduced.

Ficus Benjamin has a powerful energy. This plant is believed to benefit emotional people. If a person suffers from mood swings, then the ficus helps to stabilize the emotional background. The flower removes the energy of poverty and chaos in the house.

In addition, this plant cleans the indoor air from harmful impurities and enriches it with oxygen.


How to choose a new pot and how often can you replant

The indoor tree does not tolerate the change of soil and pot. The culture can be severely weakened and slow down development. In rare cases, death occurs. In order to prevent the consequences, the hostess needs to keep control over the frequency of transplants, which depends on the age of the tree:

  • the youngest plants need a regular annual procedure
  • after 5 years of life, can be seated once every 20 months
  • the most mature ficuses do not need replanting, they need regular renewal of the soil layer at the top.

Pots 3 centimeters larger than the previous one are suitable as new housing. The choice often falls on such "houses":

  1. Plastic pots. Practical, easy to use and comfortable.
  2. Clay pots. Here the plant will definitely not be waterlogged. Clay perfectly absorbs moisture.
  3. Wooden tubs. Used for transplanting small trees that have reached a decent size.

The right transplant site contributes to the good life of any indoor plant. Before buying, it is necessary to process and check the bottom for the presence of special holes for airing the soil. There are often cases when a flower pot breaks or a tree begins to lose its vitality. Unscrupulous vase manufacturers use cheap plastic to save money. Such material releases toxins upon contact with ground and water, poisoning the ficus. As a result, the plant begins to wilt. It is necessary to replace and correctly select a new container for the life of Benjamin's ficus.

transplanting ficus benjamin into a larger pot

Many years of experience gives florists the ability to identify quality flower pots from low-quality ones. Familiar manufacturing companies provide quality plastic products. When choosing a new pot, you need to build on previous experience.

If the ficus has not taken root in a plastic pot, then it is better to use ceramics - it is natural, does not emit toxins, is beautiful and reliable. The material is not cheap, but it gives a one hundred percent guarantee of quality. In size, the new container should be as similar as possible to the old one, otherwise the plant will experience even more stress during transplantation.

Choosing a color is an equally important aspect. Experienced flower growers recommend choosing vases of bright and light colors. They will delight the eye at any time of the year and will attract the attention of guests. The right choice is the key to the comfort of a green tree.


Diseases and pests

Ficus leaves and roots damage such diseases:

  1. Gray rot - mold appears on the leaves and stems, which takes off when the leaf is shaken. The leaves are covered with brown spots, then completely darken and fall off. Infected leaves are removed as soon as possible, and the plant itself is treated with fungicides.
  2. Powdery mildew - a bloom in the form of flour appears on the leaves. In the early stages of the development of the disease, the leaves can be wiped with soapy water. In advanced cases, the affected leaves are removed, and healthy ones are sprayed with fungicides.
  3. Cercosporosis - black or brown spots appear on the inside of the leaf plate, which grow over time. As a result, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. For treatment, damaged leaves are removed, sprayed with antifungal drugs.
  4. Root rot - appears from waterlogging of the soil. The roots are damaged and unable to provide the plant with adequate nutrition, from which it dies.
  5. Anthracnose - rusty spots appear on the edges of the leaves, growing into sores. Treatment - treatment with fungicides.

There are also a lot of ficus pests - these are:

  1. Shield - convex brown spots appear on the seamy side of the leaves. For treatment, the leaves are washed with soapy water on both sides, then treated with Aktellik.
  2. Mealybug sucks juice from the leaves, from which they are deformed. The worm lives in the axils of the leaves. Mealybugs are disposed of by mechanical cleaning of the leaves and treatment with soapy water and tobacco solution.
  3. Spider mite - leaves gray or brown spots on the leaves. The leaves wither and dry up. For prevention and treatment, the humidity of the air is increased, the leaves are wiped with soapy water and sprayed.
  4. Thrips settle on the back of the leaves, suck the juice out of them and leave brown spots. The affected plant is sprayed with chemicals.
  5. Aphid - sticky discharge appears on the leaves, then they turn yellow and deform. To combat, use a soap solution and treat with insecticides.

Also nematodes can settle on ficuses. They attack the roots of plants, small growths appear on them. For treatment, the ficus is taken out of the pot and immersed in a solution of insecticides for two to three hours, then planted in fresh soil.

The main stages of ficus care are described in more detail in the video.


Watch the video: How to grow Ficus Benjamina from cutting branch very easy