This flower has more than one name, among which there are such as lights, black shaves, hats, marigolds, etc., but it has a scientific name such as tagetes. He is very popular among flower growers and is everyone's favorite. In the flower beds, you can find both dwarf varieties and varieties - giants. Planting seedlings is not so difficult and even a novice florist can cope with this task.
Advantages of marigolds
Depending on the variety, tagetes can bloom with inflorescences of various shapes: from small “carnations” to luxurious “chrysanthemums”, which have a varied shade - from red-brown to lemon-yellow. These flowers can be planted in flower beds or in small containers. They can close places in a flower garden that are bare after flowering of other flowers. The value of tagetes lies not only in decorative possibilities. Natural phytoncides are present in the stems and other parts of the plant, which actively scare off various pests, and also inhibit the growth of pathogenic fungi located in the growth zone of marigolds.
Marigolds can be planted on strawberries to scare away the weevil, and if they are planted on cabbage, they will protect the cabbage from the invasion of the whites. If they are planted next to other flowers, such as phlox and clematis, it will save these flowers from nematodes. If planted next to asters, then marigolds will help them protect themselves from fusarium.
Tagetes is interesting as a medicinal plant and also a spice.
How to sow marigolds for seedlings
This plant propagates by seeds, which are planted in the ground after frost, after which, when they sprout, they can be thinned out or young seedlings can be transplanted so that they feel more free. In order for the flowering of marigolds to be earlier, it can be planted during this period not with seeds, but with full-fledged seedlings.
From the moment when tagetes rose to the moment when it begins to bloom, it takes from 40 to 50 days. Based on this, marigolds for seedlings should be sown in the first decade of April. To do this, you need to prepare a substrate from the following components: peat, compost (humus) and washed sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 0.5. The main thing is that the mixture is loose and fertile.
Sowing marigolds for seedlings
To prevent Tagetes seedlings from dying from the black leg, the prepared substrate must be treated with a solution of "Maxim", "Vitaros", "phytosiorin" or a solution of potassium permanganate. Alternatively, you can steam the prepared potting mix in a double boiler for 1 hour. This will help get rid of not only the spores of pathogenic fungi, but also weed seeds.
After the mixture has been processed, it is poured into a container and slightly compacted, after which grooves are made on the surface, 0.5 cm deep, while the substrate should not have much moisture. After that, marigold seeds are neatly and evenly distributed over shallow grooves.
Since the seeds are not large, tweezers can be used. Then, the decomposed seeds are covered with the same substrate. Its thickness should be within 1cm. If they are planted under a layer less than 1 cm thick, then at sunrise, the peel from the seeds remains on the young seedling and will not allow it to develop normally.
In order for the crops to grow normally and on time, they need to be slightly moistened.
Cover the crops with a suitable lid, then move to a bright place. Already after 5-7 days, the first shoots may appear, if the optimal temperature regime is maintained, within + 15-20 ° C. At temperatures below + 15 ° C, Tagetes seeds germinate very poorly, and at temperatures above + 25 ° C, they may not germinate at all.
As soon as the first shoots begin to appear, the room should be constantly ventilated, since during this period there is a very high probability of damage to young shoots with a black leg. At the first signs of the appearance of this disease, you need to immediately remove the lodging seedlings along with the ground, sprinkle the holes with fresh soil and treat with a fungicide.
When friendly shoots appear, the film must be completely removed. You can water when the soil in the container dries out. In order for young seedlings to harden faster, they can be fed with fertilizers for seedlings every two weeks.
As soon as 2-3 leaves appear, the plant can be dived.
After the appearance of 2 real leaves, tagetes is ready for a pick. At the same time, the young plant sinks into the soil almost completely, to the border of the lower oblong leaves, while they should not touch the ground.
You can cut young plants into a seedling box. Marigolds tolerate transplanting well even in a state of flowering, while an earthen lump may not be preserved. As practice has shown, it is better to grow Tagetes seedlings in cassettes. For this, a substrate of the same composition as when sowing is used, but without sieving and with the addition of 1 tablespoon of mineral fertilizer, containing nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, and half a glass of wood ash for every 5 liters of substrate. Fertilizers must be evenly distributed in the mixture, and for this the substrate must be well stirred.
After that, the cassettes are filled with substrate and compacted, but not much. Then, depressions are made in the soil so that the roots of the seedlings are freely placed in them. If the roots do not fit, then they can be reduced, the plant is not afraid of this. The seedlings are deepened to a depth of 1 cm.
In conclusion, they need to be carefully watered. As a rule, after watering, the earth settles, so fresh substrate should be added on top. This plant does not like moisture overdose, therefore, it is better to underfill than overflow.
Planting marigolds in the ground
In order for the flowers to take root well and not start to hurt, they need to be accustomed to fresh air, about 2 weeks before planting. It is possible to plant seedlings in the ground only when there are minutes of the threat of frost, otherwise the young plants will die. This, somewhere in the end of the first decade of June. They are planted in a sunny place, although tagetes feels good in the shade, but the flowering will not be so abundant.
Any soil will go for this plant, the main thing is that it is water and air permeable. If there is clay soil, then it is better to dilute it with peat and sand.
In the landing sites, the soil is dug to the depth of the shovel bayonet, after which nitroammophoska is introduced at the rate of 30 g per 1 square meter and dug up again. Plants are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other, after making holes. As a rule, the recommended planting distance is indicated on the seed packaging. The main thing is to adhere to the recommendations if there is no experience of planting tagetes.
Basically, all flower growers keep all the bags where the plant variety and recommended distances are indicated. Young plants are planted to a depth of 1-2 cm.
To do this, you need to place the root of the plant in the hole, after which all the voids around the root system are filled with the same soil and slightly compacted.
In conclusion, you can water the newly planted seedlings, while you can water it safely through the leaves.
In order for marigolds to develop normally, they need care, which consists in regular weeding of row spacings in order to provide oxygen access to the root system and at the same time get rid of weeds. To ensure lush flowering, it is recommended to feed the plant with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers 1-2 times per season. It is not recommended to use nitrogen fertilizers, as tagetes will increase the green mass, and may forget about flowering.
Growing marigolds from seeds
The most popular flower in summer cottages, urban areas and in recreation areas are marigolds (tagetes). They have other names - hats, lights, black shaves. Even an inexperienced grower can handle their cultivation. Marigolds can be grown from seed and sown outdoors. The decorative flower looks like a carnation or small chrysanthemum.
Planting marigolds for seedlings
A proven method is to grow marigolds by sowing seeds for seedlings. This will help extend the growing life of the crop and accelerate flowering. At home, seedlings are cultivated so that when the heat comes, they can no longer plant seeds in the ground, but quite adult bushes. Then you can see a beautiful flowerbed as soon as possible - in June, the black-shaved plants will delight you with friendly flowering.
When to plant marigolds for seedlings?
An essential question when cultivating marigolds and growing from seeds is when to plant them for seedlings. Sowing of black shaves is planned in early March - April, this is the optimal time. Experienced flower growers, when answering the question of when to plant marigolds for seedlings, are advised to take into account the plant variety. Earlier than others (in mid-March), erect black shaves are sown, and undersized and small-leaved ones - in early April. Then all three varieties of marigolds will bloom in June.
How to plant marigolds for seedlings correctly?
The substrate for growing seeds should be fertile and loose. A mixture is suitable for this: peat, humus, washed sand (2: 1: 0.5). For cultivation, containers are needed, at the bottom of which a 3-centimeter drainage layer is laid. Growing marigolds from seeds at home - sowing:
- Blacksmiths often die from a black leg. To prevent this from happening, the soil in the container is spilled in advance with a fungicide (Fitosporin, Vitaros, Maxim) or dark pink potassium permanganate.
- In the soil substrate, shallow furrows are made every 2 cm.
- Seeds are distributed in them - it is more convenient to do this with a bent piece of paper or tweezers.
- Sowing from above is sprinkled with soil mixture 1 cm thick.
- The soil must be watered carefully, without eroding its outer layer.
- The container is covered with a transparent lid and placed in a bright place with a temperature of + 15-20 ° C. The soil should always be moist.
- In this mode, the seedlings hatch after 5-7 days.
Marigold seedlings at home
Growing marigolds through seedlings must be done correctly:
- After pecking the sprouts, the container must be ventilated every day.
- The danger of the appearance of a black leg at this time is high. If there are signs of the disease, it is necessary to remove the affected seedlings along with lumps of earth, pour fresh soil mixture into the holes and re-sow the crops with a fungicide solution.
- The shelter after the emergence of friendly seedlings can be removed completely.
- Water the seedlings when the soil is completely dry. It is important to ensure that no water accumulates in the pan.
- Seedlings are fed once every two weeks with fertilizer for seedlings - Agricola, Solution, Lux.
When asked when to dive marigolds after germination, experienced gardeners answer - after the registration of 2-3 real (carved) leaves. The seedling is transplanted into separate cups, deepening to the cotyledons (oblong lower plates) so that they do not touch the soil. This allows you to make the root system more powerful and visually reduce the elongated stem. Transplanting marigolds causes a rapid jump in their growth due to an increase in the allocated volume of soil. Dive seedlings:
- It is most convenient to continue growing seedlings in cassettes or plastic cups.
- In the substrate of the same composition as for sowing, you need to add 1 tbsp. a spoonful of mineral makeup containing potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, and 0.5 cups of wood ash for every 5 liters of the mixture.
- The cassettes are filled with soil, recesses are made so that the roots fit freely in them, the seedlings must be planted to a depth of 1 cm.
- Seedlings are watered as the soil dries. If the ground has subsided, you can add more substrate.
The flower is also called the Chinese rose. This variety got its name due to its appearance. Translated from English, Angel wings means angel wings.
The seeds of this rose take a long time to sprout. But on the other hand, three months after planting the seedlings in the ground, the first buds already appear.
Seed germination depends on the correct soil. It should be fertile, moist and breathable. It will be better if you purchase it from a store.
The process of sowing and caring for Angel Wings (Chinese rose) seedlings does not differ from previous varieties. After the seedlings are strong, they can be transferred to a permanent place.
The angel rose quickly gets used to new conditions, provided that it is regularly watered and fed. The bushes should spend the first winter under the film.
The flowering bushes of marigolds are not only a decoration of the site, but also a real pantry of valuable medicinal raw materials. For a long time, infusions of dried flowers have been used to treat stomatitis, colds, asthma, diabetes mellitus and inflammation of the pancreas. The lutein contained in marigolds prevents the development of cataracts. To relieve fatigue and stress, it is recommended to use baths with the addition of a decoction of marigolds.
In addition, due to its spicy aroma, marigolds are widely in demand in cooking: they are added as a seasoning to sauces, soups and baked goods. Dried flowers, crushed into powder (Imeretian saffron), add a unique piquancy to Caucasian cuisine.
Cut marigolds retain their freshness for at least 3 weeks. Place an elegant bouquet filled with the sun near the front door and you can be sure that ill-wishers will bypass your house.