Medicinal properties of various onions
A bit of history
These valuable vegetables are in high demand. They contain a large amount of vitamins, phytoncides and other substances vital for a person.
Under the general name "onion" unite herbaceous plants that form a juicy underground part - a bulb - and a herbaceous aboveground part - a "feather".
Unfortunately, in the conditions of the North-West of Russia, this popular culture does not always succeed; one of the reasons is insufficient knowledge of its biology, as well as the weak dissemination of the richest experience accumulated by the gardeners of the northern regions over a centuries-old history. When growing onions, it is also necessary to take into account the soil, climate, varieties, seed preparation, care, harvesting and storage of planting material.
Onion (genus Allium L.) belongs to the onion family (Alliaceae L.). There are over 300 species of onions, more than 200 grow on the territory of Russia and neighboring countries. The most widespread are: onion - Allium cepa L., leek - Allium porrum L., shallot - Allium ascalonicum L., batun - Allium fistulosum L., multi-tiered - Allium proliferum Schrad, schnitt - Allium schoenoprasum L., fragrant - Allium odorum L., slug - Allium nutans L. and Altai Allium altaicum Pall.
More than 4000 BC onions were cultivated in Central Asia. From there, through Iran, he got to Egypt, as evidenced by the inscriptions on the plates of the Egyptian pyramids and images on ancient monuments. For several centuries BC, it was grown in Ancient Greece, where by that time more than one variety was known. Then the bow got to Rome, and then to Western Europe. It penetrated into Central Europe in the 5th-6th centuries A.D. e. In Russia, onions appeared in the XII-XIII centuries.
Under the influence of the specific conditions of individual naturally historical regions, the peculiarities of cultivation and the selection carried out by the population, local varieties arose in Western Europe: Erfurt, Nuremberg, Strassburg, Holland, Varshavsky, Spanish and local Russian varieties: Bessonovsky, Vishensky, Myachkovsky, Strigunovsky and others.
In Russia, onions were most used by the poor. Known chowder of bread and onions with the addition of vegetable oil - "tyurya". It is not for nothing that the ancient saying says "Good food is bread and an onion."
It is known how dearly the bow was prized during the Crusades. At that time, bulbs were believed to protect warriors from arrows, halberds and swords. Knights, clad in steel armor, wore talismans on their chests - ordinary onions. Alexander the Great noticed that the bow increases the courage of the soldiers, and ordered to give them one onion before the battle. Onions have always been valuable. In 1250, the French exchanged their captive compatriots from the Saracens at a price of ... 8 bulbs per person.
The healing properties of onions
For a long time, onions have been famous for their medicinal properties. Eastern peoples even had a saying "Bow, every disease passes in your arms!" This is confirmed by Russian sayings: "Onion - from seven ailments" and others. It was noticed that if you tie the bow in braids and keep them not in the senses, but on the beds, the air in them will always be fresh and clean. That is why in the village huts garlands of bows still hang on the walls. However, popularizing onions because of the specific odor that persists in the mouth has always been difficult. It's one thing to wear an amulet around your neck, another thing to eat a bow. Many eminent citizens considered it indecent to eat it because of its persistent smell. To offend a person, it was enough to say that he ate onions.
Similar problems still arise. If you don't like the smell of onions, try to use them finely chopped, sprinkle them on the first and second courses. After eating the onion, rinse your mouth with warm water, add a little dental elixir to the water, or brush your teeth. To avoid the unpleasant smell of onions, you can stick to it with parsley leaves or walnuts.
Onions are eaten as a seasoning for various dishes. Due to its specific smell and taste, it stimulates appetite, improves digestion. Onions contain sugars - fructose, sucrose, maltose, polysaccharides, - inulin, proteins, vitamins - C, B1, B2, B6, E, K, - carotene, pantothenic acid, enzymes, saponins, mineral salts, essential oil, cycloalliin, kaempferol. The body's daily need for vitamin C is fully satisfied by 80-100 g of green onions.
The leaves and bulbs contain sulfur-containing compounds (and there are more of them in spicy varieties), iodine, citric and malic acids. An aqueous infusion of onion scales is a concentrate of vitamin PP, which has a therapeutic effect in hypertension, atherosclerosis. It improves heart function, has a diuretic effect, and stimulates the secretory activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
The dye of dry onion scales - quercetin, according to some reports, is capable of delaying the development of tumors. It strengthens blood vessels, makes them elastic, permeable. Coloring broth with an unpeeled onion has more than aesthetic value.
Onion phytoncides have a detrimental effect on dysentery, diphtheria, tubercle bacilli, streptococci and other microorganisms. Of onions receive drugs that are used for colitis, intestinal atony and other diseases. A significant amount of mineral salts in onions contributes to the normalization of water-salt metabolism in the body. However, you need to know that in case of diseases of the kidneys, liver, stomach ulcer, heart the consumption of onions must be minimized.
Onions as a medicine, especially in combination with honey, were used for severe coughs even in the time of Hippocrates (about 2.5 thousand years ago).
For most of us, onions are the first home remedy we turn to whenever we get a cold or flu. Onion gruel is a good cure for a cold. It helps well with inflammation of the tonsils, the use of onion gruel with grated apples inside. Raw onions with honey and mashed fresh apples are good for sore throats. Bronchitis, accompanied by a dry cough with difficult sputum, can be treated with grated onions and honey, taken in equal proportions.
Take the mixture one tablespoon 4 times daily before meals. Inhalation does not lose its significance - inhalation of the volatile parts of the essential oil of crushed bulbs. It helps with angina, cough. Onion juice boiled with sugar or honey is good for coughing. Fresh onion juice is a good wound-healing agent for purulent, long-lasting wounds and ulcers. They are smeared with ulcers on the oral mucosa.
Onions can be used as home remedies for worms. To do this, it is recommended to eat 2-3 medium-sized onions on an empty stomach or pour one onion with a glass of warm water and leave for 7-8 hours. Take half a cup of infusion on an empty stomach. The course of treatment is 3-4 days. Onions baked in dough or boiled in milk are used at home in the form of compresses for boils and boils. It promotes their maturation and the discharge of pus. Fresh grated onions heal bruises. Rub the head with onion juice (1-2 times a week, 2-3 tablespoons) to strengthen the hair. After lubrication, it is recommended to tie the head with a handkerchief for 1-2 hours, and then wash it with soap or shampoo. Hair becomes soft, silky, and gains a healthy shine.
Onions are also used to prevent wrinkles on the face and remove those that have already appeared. You can remove freckles with onion juice. The bulbs, cut into wedges and applied to the forehead and temples, soothe headaches. Raw onions, consumed in fairly significant quantities, create a good sound and healthy sleep. Raw onion gruel with apples and honey is taken orally daily for weak bladder.
V. Perezhogina, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
Medicinal properties of various onions - garden and vegetable garden
MOON AND ZODIAC SIGNS
There are four phases of the moon, the strength of its energy in each of them is not the same. This is due to the different distances between the Moon and the Sun. The closer she is to the heavenly body, the more dependent on him. Since ancient times, the four phases of the moon have been associated with four elements: earth - new moon, water - first quarter, air - full moon, fire - last quarter. The beginning of the lunar cycle is the new moon. For the entire cycle, the moon passes through twelve signs of the zodiac.
The change in the phases of the moon from new moon to full moon and again to new moon occurs in 29.5 days - the lunar month, which is shorter than the solar one and is called synodic. Lunar days, on the contrary, are longer than solar ones and are 24.5 hours. And, of course, the rising and setting of the moon do not coincide with solar time.
During the period of changing the phases of the moon, we experience four lunar seasons: spring - from new moon to first quarter, summer - from first quarter to full moon, autumn - from full moon to last quarter, and winter - from last quarter to new moon. The lunar month is a miniature solar year. If during a solar year the Earth makes a full revolution around the Sun, then for a lunar year - the Moon around the Earth. This occurs as a result of the influence of the Moon's gravitational belt, which causes changes in temperature, atmospheric pressure, the Earth's magnetic field, and the earth's biosphere. Not only living organisms as a whole or their individual parts are influenced, but also the soil.
It is well known that in spring, plants acquire foliage, they grow upward. Their vital energy is greatest in summer, on the full moon. Then there is a decline, the juices rush to the roots, etc. That is why greens, berries, fruits and vegetables growing above the ground acquire the highest taste closer to the full moon, and roots - to the new moon. In the first case, the "tops", and in the second, the "roots" are maximally saturated with vital juices, vitamins, mineral salts.
The Moon also affects humans, animals and all living beings, depending on its phase.
Many people, especially those who are weak, have symptoms of malaise, agitation, joint pain, headaches, etc. on the days when the phases of the moon change.
The change in the phases of the moon and plants are also perceived. Therefore, for example, the energetic roots of plants, damaged during the waning moon, are difficult to recover.
Carrying out certain work in the garden and vegetable garden, taking into account the movement of the moon, without additional effort and material costs, you can increase the yield by 20% and get products of higher quality. Plants planted in a favorable period acquire immunity, are less affected by diseases and pests.
You will be rewarded for your work, the golden rules of which were: sowing seeds, planting seedlings of plants growing above the ground (tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, strawberries, onions on a feather, leaf parsley, etc.) with the growing Moon of plants with fruits and the ground ( beets, carrots, potatoes, onions for a turnip, etc.) - with the waning moon.
A feature of growing plants is that on the new moon, on its peak three days - the day before the transition from one rhythm to another, the peak day and the day following it (if it is necessary to sow when the moon is growing, then two days) nothing should be planted and sow. 11e are the best for planting vegetables, berries, bushes, etc. and peak days of changing other phases of the moon.
Do not engage in any agrotechnical activities on Satanic days, the energy in which is unfavorable for humans and for all life on Earth, including plants. They do not sow even when the moon is visible in the sky, in the first hours of its rising and setting. Relax during this time. Sow, plant when the moon is over the horizon.
The growth and productivity of plants also depend on what sign of the zodiac the moon is in at the time of landing. Astrologers in the distant past came to the conclusion that the signs of the zodiac have different effects on the growth of plants, the safety of their fruits. They subdivided signs into productive and unproductive.
Productive signs of the zodiac - this is Taurus, Cancer, Libra, Scorpio, Capricorn, Pisces. Of these, the most productive is Cancer. But it has a bad effect on fruits intended for snoring. The fruits collected in this sign, as a result of the active development of microorganisms, have poor keeping quality, they quickly rot.
Unproductive signs - Aries, Gemini, Virgo, Leo, Aquarius, Sagittarius. Of these, they are sterile, which should not be planted at all - Aries, Leo, Sagittarius, Aquarius. True, there is also a small individual peculiarity here. With the Moon in the sign of Aries, you can plant lettuce, spinach in the sign of Virgo - ornamental plants in the sign of Leo - trees and shrubs. But it is better not to take risks, but to engage in planting in productive signs.
For planting various crops, the best signs of the zodiac are recognized: tomatoes and cucumbers - Cancer, Pisces, Carrot Scorpio - Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces, Libra, Goat and garlic, pepper and onion - Scorpio potatoes la - Cancer, Scorpio, Taurus, Libra, Capricorn cabbage - Ra k, Scorpio, Pisces, Taurus, Libra of courgettes, pumpkins and eggplants - Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces, Libra.
It is recommended to plant trees immediately after the full moon with the Moon in the signs of Capricorn and Leo.
When choosing zodiac signs for planting, please do not forget about the phases of the moon. But what about when the landing time has come, and the Moon and the sign of the zodiac do not coincide, that is, either the sign is unproductive, or the Moon is in the wrong phase? In these cases, give preference to the zodiac sign.
The best period for watering crops is the time when the Moon is in the signs of Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces, Libra.
Plants are fed with fertilizers on a full moon or with a waning moon.
Trees should be pruned in productive signs and with a waning moon, and if it is necessary to increase the growth of shoots - with a growing moon.
Grafting and re-grafting trees in the first and second quarters with the Moon in Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces, Capricorn.
Cuttings are prepared for grafting trees during the growth of the moon.
They fight against pests and diseases of plants in barren signs - Gemini, Virgo, Aquarius - with the growing moon. At the same time, they are engaged in weeding the beds and destroying weeds. Weeding can also be carried out during the waning moon, but you need to be careful not to injure the root system of plants. And yet the best period for the destruction of weeds, pests, cutting of dried and diseased branches, shoots is the peak period of the new moon (three days).
An important point of work in the garden and vegetable garden is not only planting and growing plants, but also the period of picking fruits, picking berries, harvesting vegetables, which gardeners and gardeners often neglect. And on this depends the safety of the crop, its usefulness, taste, saturation with vitamins, microelements, etc.
Vegetables and fruits intended for storage in fresh and processed form are harvested during the waning moon for consumption immediately after picking - with the growing moon, closer to the full moon, when they are most saturated with juices. The best signs of the zodiac for collecting fruits during the waning moon are Aries, Leo, Sagittarius. Unsuitable for harvesting is the period when the Moon is in the signs of Virgo, Cancer, Pisces. The fruits collected at this time quickly deteriorate, they are watery, of low taste.
Since microbes in barren signs are on the decline of biorhythms and during this period they have little activity, it is better to harvest roots in the signs of Aries, Gemini, Leo, Sagittarius, Aquarius. As for potatoes, remember: harvested under the Moon in Scorpio, it is not only poorly stored, but also loses its taste. Don't dig it up in Cancer and Pisces.
Take care of preserving the fruits during the waning moon, closer to the new moon, in the signs of Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces.Fruit should not be preserved in the sign of Virgo, as the resulting products are prone to mold.
And most importantly, remember that like humans and animals, seeds and sprouts are sensitive to your state of mind. Therefore, under stress, irritability, one should not engage in sowing seeds, planting seedlings, planting trees, bushes and berry bushes. You can ruin the case. Relax, calm down and only then communicate with all living things.
Aries is a moderately productive, if not sterile, sign. The ruler is Mars. When the moon passes through it, plant and sow only fast-growing and immediately consumed vegetables: sorrel, lettuce. You can plant onions, garlic, peppers, gooseberries. It is good to carry out weeding, spraying, cultivation at this time. You can pick fruits and root vegetables.
Taurus is an earthy, productive sign. The ruler is Venus. Moon in Taurus has a good effect on cabbage, carrots, beets, radishes, onions, potatoes, garlic, green crops, trees. It is good to plant something that will winter. Plants gain more endurance.
Gemini is an airy, barren sign. The ruler is Mercury. You can plant climbing plants, harvest medicinal herbs, cut trees, bushes, cultivate the soil.
Cancer is a watery, productive sign. The ruler is the Moon. It has an especially good effect on crops saturated with juices: cucumbers, pumpkin, zucchini. It is more expedient to use the grown products fresh. You can sow and transplant vegetables that are not intended for long-term storage, harvest herbs. Good for watering, grafting. It is best not to plant potatoes and vegetables growing in height.
Leo is a fiery, moderately productive sign. The ruler is the Sun. The sign requires special attention to plant care. You can weed, control pests, prune and cut trees. Only trees and shrubs can be planted with abundant watering.
Virgo is an earthly, unproductive sign. The ruler is Mercury. You can plant medicinal herbs and flowers, do weeding, cultivation.
Libra is an airy, unproductive sign. The ruler is Venus. Different plants can be planted, they will be resistant to diseases and unfavorable climatic conditions, but their productivity will be inferior to those planted in fertile signs. There he gives beauty and aroma. Especially favorable for planting plants during the waning moon.
Scorpio is a watery, productive sign. The ruler is P luton, but to a greater extent depends on the energy of Mars. Suitable for planting most crops. This sign gives good growth and strength to the stems. Plants will be disease resistant. With this sign, it is necessary to exclude the treatment of plants with pesticides. Inadmissible injury to plants. It is not recommended to harvest ai, cut and dig in trees.
Sagittarius is a fiery, unproductive sign. The ruler is Jupiter. You can sow only fast-growing vegetables, as well as vegetables with a spicy taste: onions, garlic, peppers. You can harvest fruits and roots, weed plants, cultivate the soil, but avoid using sharp tools.
Capricorn is an earthly, productive sign. Similar to Taurus, but drier. The ruler is Saturn. Plants with a well-developed root system are planted: onions, beets, carrots, potatoes, cabbage, gooseberries, currants. Plants acquire endurance, resistance to diseases and adverse conditions. Trees will be hardy and bear fruit for a long time. Grown products are well preserved in the off-season. The bulbs are planted with the waning moon.
Aquarius is an airy, sterile, sterile sign. The ruler is Uranus. During this period, it is good to deal with weeds and pests, to collect fruits and roots.
Pisces is an aquatic, productive sign. The ruler is Neptune. All plants are planted, but they require careful maintenance, the crop is poorly stored. The sign is similar to Cancer, Taurus, but is associated with a secret, therefore crops, planting should be done alone, unnoticed by "black" eyes.
The use of vervain for diseases
Note: since ancient times, people rubbed themselves with verbena and made wishes. They believed this magical method worked. Maybe he worked, who knows.
Bronchitis, pharyngitis, ARVI? Verbena will cure everything. So they thought before, and they think so now. She is able to restore the temperature to a stable 36.6.
Medicinal tea recipe: 1 tablespoon of verbena in 500 ml of boiling water, boil, leave for 20 minutes, then strain. Divide into 4 servings and drink throughout the day.
When coughing and phlegm appears, an expectorant will be tea from verbena according to the same recipe as for colds.
Fatigue, impotence, overexertion, nervous irritability
Verbena invigorates, gives a good boost of energy and restores the nervous system.
If an emotional breakdown, stress, a state of depression, apathy or hysteria rolled over, then verbena tea will help and soothe. It normalizes and harmonizes the internal state, relaxes the muscles.
The tea recipe is the same as for colds.
Headaches and insomnia
Verbena perfectly treats migraines and calms the nervous system, which means it relaxes and allows you to sleep peacefully.
Infusion recipe: 2 tsp. Pour vervains with a glass of boiling water, filter and take 2 or 3 times a day.
Any skin disease can be cured with vervain. Psoriasis, acne, acne, scrofula, rashes, purulent diseases, etc.
3 tbsp pour 500 ml of boiling water over the herbs, leave to stand for 3 hours. You can make lotions, for example, with a cotton pad or in another convenient way.
Note: if you have bad breath, you can make a verbena decoction and rinse your mouth.
A missed menstrual cycle
All the constituent healing properties of verbena, such as essential oils and the infusion itself, effectively treat when the menstrual cycle is out of order. Any itching, irritation can also be cured with verbena infusion.
The recipe is the same as for a headache.
Alternative Medicine: Cooking
Verbena is used for food, it gives a tart, pleasant taste to dishes. It is especially often used for pickling tomatoes.
Cornflower in folk medicine
Traditional medicine has long used cornflower for medicinal purposes. In many ancient herbalists, you can find recipes describing the use of cornflower for the treatment of diseases of the organs of vision.
In folk medicine of the present time, cornflower flowers are used:
- for diseases of the respiratory system: cough, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, pulmonary tuberculosis
- with fever and colds
- with diseases of the genitourinary system: kidney disease, cystitis, urethritis, nephritis, painful menstruation, urolithiasis, inflammatory processes, etc.
- for diseases of the digestive system: to improve digestion and increase appetite, with intestinal diseases
- for violations of the cardiovascular system: heart palpitations, nervous tension, headache, to cleanse the blood
- for eye diseases: blepharitis, conjunctivitis, night blindness, barley, increased eye fatigue
- for diseases of the biliary tract and liver: jaundice, cholelithiasis
- for skin diseases: acne, increased fat content, eczema, warts, furunculosis, trophic ulcers.
- for the preparation of teas and herbal preparations.
Thermopsis herb has an emetic and expectorant effect. The alkaloid thermopsidine stimulates the respiratory and vasomotor centers, acting like lobelin. Thermopsidin has an exciting effect on the adrenal glands: it sharply increases the release of adrenaline, as a result of which it improves the activity of the heart and increases blood pressure. The emetic effect is due to the alkaloid thermopsin. Thermopsin directly excites the vomiting center, acting like apomorphine, and at the same time irritates the sensitive nerve endings of the vagus nerve in the gastric mucosa, as a result of which it reflexively increases the tone of the vomiting center. Consequently, the emetic effect of thermopsin is due to a double mechanism. Thermopsin increases the secretion of mucus in the airways, increases the contractility of the smooth muscles of the bronchi by stimulating n. vagi and thus enhances the expectorant effect.
The cytisine and methylcytisine contained in the plant (somewhat weaker) excite respiration and increase blood pressure, pachicarpin has ganglion-blocking properties.
TOP medicinal shrubs for growing in the garden
The medicinal properties of the plant have been used by our ancestors for a long time. Our grandparents often collected herbs in the meadows, from which they made various healing infusions, decoctions and potions. In many monasteries, not only vegetables and fruits were grown, but also the presence of a pharmacy bed with medicinal plants, with which the monks were treated, was obligatory. Now many gardeners also prefer to plant plants on their site, which not only decorate it, but can also serve as a cure for many diseases. In our article, we will tell you about the most popular medicinal shrubs that you can grow in your garden.