Such a genus as cellogyne is directly related to a fairly large family of orchids. Such plants, growing in natural conditions, can be found in the vast territories of the tropical forests of South and Southeast Asia, as well as on the islands of such oceans as the Pacific and Indian. Most of these plants are epiphytes, but lithophytes and terrestrial ones are also found.
Caring for the cellogin orchid at home
All year round, such a plant needs bright lighting. So, its level should be at least 4000–6000 lux. The best place to place it is an east or west orientation window. At the same time, on the window on the north side, the flower will have little light, and on the south, it will need shading from the direct rays of the sun, which it cannot tolerate.
At the same time, do not forget that daylight hours should be no shorter than 12-14 hours throughout the year. In this regard, in the winter, he needs additional lighting.
The temperature regime depends entirely on the type of orchid. In the warm season, almost all species need moderate temperatures from 20 to 25 degrees. In winter, the beautiful thermophilic cellogyne should be protected from low temperatures, so the room should not be colder than 10 degrees, while the cold-loving comb cellogyne needs coolness at this time (about 5 degrees).
It should be remembered that some species have a dormant period, while others do not. So, for example, the beautiful cellogyne does not have a dormant period, and therefore flowering can begin in any month, regardless of the season. In cellogyne fringed, there is also no rest period, but at the same time this species blooms at a strictly defined time. A pronounced dormant period is present in the crested cellogyne, it begins at the end of the spring period and lasts 2-3 weeks. At this time, the growth of the root system is suspended, and the pseudobulbs become severely shriveled.
How to water
Watering is recommended by immersing the pot in a bowl filled with water. The pot should be removed after a few minutes. For watering, you need to use exclusively soft water, which should be filtered or boiled. The fact is that such a plant reacts very badly to the salinity of the substrate (a whitish bloom forms on the surface).
During the dormant period, this orchid needs to be watered much less and only after the substrate has completely dried.
High humidity is required. In order to raise it, expanded clay is poured into the pallet and a small amount of water is poured in. Also, the foliage must be moistened with a sprayer at least a couple of times a day (best in the morning and evening hours).
For planting, a purchased ready-made soil mixture for orchids is quite suitable. It must be necessarily small-fraction and contain in its composition a small amount of decomposed leaf compost and small (up to 1 centimeter) pieces of pine bark. It should be borne in mind that the amount of bark from the entire volume of the substrate should be approximately half.
Those species that have long roots (for example, fringed cellogyne) are recommended to be grown on blocks of pine bark. The roots are fixed on the block surface with wire and covered with a layer of sphagnum. With this method of cultivation, you need to water more often, as well as spray.
The transplant is carried out in case of emergency. So, this is when a pot or block becomes too tight, while young growths go far beyond the container.
If the bush is large enough, then when replanting it, it should be remembered that it is imperative to put a weighting agent on the bottom (several large pieces of granite or pebbles). Thus, you will protect the flower from overturning.
Top dressing is carried out during intensive growth once a week. And the plant also needs additional foliar feeding. To do this, use a ready-made fertilizer specially designed for orchids. When the plant blooms, the amount of dressing is reduced to 1 in 4 weeks.
The easiest way to propagate this kind of orchid is by division. An adult specimen with several mature pseudobulbs is suitable for this. It should be remembered that on each plot there should be several pieces of young and old pseudobulbs with a developed root system.
Pests and diseases
Most often, a spider mite settles on a plant. If pests are found, the flower needs to be given a warm shower, and its foliage should be rinsed with special care. An identical method of control is used when aphids or whiteflies are found.
Most often, the plant suffers from a variety of fungal diseases. If you start treatment with fungicides at an early stage, then you can heal cellogin quite quickly.
Coelogyne cristata from Schwerter
All species have common characteristics. Thus, they have a sympodial growth pattern and oval pseudobulbs with a smooth surface. From the upper part of each pseudobulb, 1 or 2 leaves of a belt-shaped and green color grow. From the base of the pseudobulbs, rather long peduncles grow, on which there are several pieces of fragrant flowers. Each flower has 5 narrow individual petals and 1 rather wide lip located below.
Several different types of such an orchid are grown at home. The most popular among florists are:
Coelogyne cristata or cristata
In nature, it can only be found high in the Himalayas, while it grows almost at the very border of the snow. This plant is cold-loving and has spherical-elongated pseudobulbs, which reach 3 to 5 centimeters in length and 2 long leaves. On the peduncles there are from 3 to 8 pieces of white flowers and a fairly large size (up to 10 centimeters in diameter). These flowers differ in the shape of the lips. So, it is three-bladed and has 5 well-distinguishable "scallops" - outgrowths. Flowering is observed from winter to early spring.
This orchid is native to India, Vietnam, South China and Thailand. Such a compact plant is thermophilic. In height, pseudobulbs, carrying a pair of leaves, can reach from 2 to 3 centimeters. Peduncles bear 1–3 not very large flowers (up to 3 centimeters in diameter), colored yellowish-green. There is a brownish-burgundy pattern on the lower lip of the flower. Blooms from August to October.
Islands such as Sumatra and Java are considered homeland. This type is univalent. On rather short peduncles there are 1-3 large greenish-yellow flowers. The three-lobed lip is pale brown, with reddish veins and white specks clearly visible on its surface.
The above species are considered the most capricious and they are advised to grow to novice orchidists.
Cambria (Cambria) - a flower of the Orchid family, is a hybrid of Oncidium and Miltonia. This variety was bred for indoor floriculture, thanks to which they are easy to care for and live well in apartments.
The cambrian flower belongs to a variety of sympodial orchids, their pseudobulbs have an oblong shape and are well developed, reaching 8 cm long.On each such pseudobulb there are long leaves, about 2-3 pieces, which can reach 50 cm in length, rather wide, densely spaced, color - dark green with a prominent and bright central vein. The bulb blooms once, releases about two flowering stalks, after flowering, they are removed.
The flowers are large enough, about 10 cm in diameter, often red with light or white spots. After removing the faded pseudobulbs, cambria forms new ones, which sprout with other peduncles. When purchasing a flower, you should not take a flower with a single pseudobulb. The fact is that such a cambria is almost always unviable and is unlikely to take root. It is best to buy a plant with three or more pseudobulbs.
Purchase and adaptation
You can buy this garden flower in large retail outlets (where it is sold in transshipment containers).
The plant does not need to be kept in such a container. Lifting the pot, you might wonder how light it is. The fact is that the seedlings sold for sale are planted in the so-called transport soil. It is not nutritious, but filled with the chemistry that makes the seedlings bloom beautifully in the store.
If you want your Tradescantia to be healthy, immediately transplant it to your site.
You can also buy seedlings from amateur gardeners. They offer mostly freshly dug cuttings.
- The advantage of such a purchase is that you can see the root system in all its glory, rejecting rotting specimens.
- The disadvantage is that if you forget to wrap the roots with a wet towel, they can dry out, and the plant will not take root well.
When I first received the "Kimono" orchid as a gift, apart from delight, I felt fears - what would I do with it? But my fears were in vain, it turned out that caring for an exquisite beauty is not so difficult. I have it for six years and blooms every winter. Transplanted 2 times into new soil. I bought four more phalaenopsis to join her.
- Alla Ivanovna (St. Petersburg)
Kimono is one of the first orchids in my collection. Only once did she get sick with black rot. But, I quickly processed and transplanted it. Since then I have been vigilantly following her, and she is growing well.