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Hibiscus flower: growing at home, difficulties of care

Hibiscus flower: growing at home, difficulties of care


Houseplants Published: 20 August 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Hibiscus first appeared in European greenhouses in the eighteenth century. Hibiscus came to Europe, or rather, sailed from the tropics of Asia. In natural conditions, hibiscus are trees and bushes. Breeders managed to cultivate several types of hibiscus for home floriculture, so now this guest from the tropics often decorates our apartments.

Most often, Chinese hibiscus is grown at home., a beautiful plant with dark green leaves and vibrant red flowers.

Chinese hibiscus, or Chinese Rosean, as it is also popularly called, is an unpretentious plant and, with proper care, grows quickly and blooms generously. But sometimes it happens that, for unknown reasons, hibiscus at home stubbornly refuses to bloom. Let's try to figure out the reasons for this problem.

Hibiscus care at home

Well lit area, but no direct sunlight. In summer, you can take indoor hibiscus outside, but try to protect it from drafts and wind. The ideal temperature for hibiscus is 18-21 ºC.

With proper care, hibiscus blooms from spring to autumn. During the flowering period, regular watering of the flower becomes important. After watering, remember to loosen the soil in the pot.

The hibiscus flower will be grateful to you for daily spraying, especially in winter, when the heaters are on.

Probably, there will be those who want to argue to me: they say, I do everything as it is written here, but hibiscus does not bloom! The fact is that flower buds in Chinese hibiscus are formed at a temperature of about 15 degrees Celsius. At this temperature, the earth does not dry out so quickly, therefore, the plant does not need to be watered so often. This is the simple and top secret of how to get your hibiscus to bloom!

Therefore, it is not surprising that in office buildings, where it is not very warm in winter and watering of hibiscus is often forgotten, it feels good and blooms so generously. When office workers get cold, hibiscus is actively forming flower buds, which turn into beautiful buds with the arrival of spring.

If it is cool in your apartment in winter, then you just have to wait for the hibiscus plant to form buds, which will open with beautiful flowers. But if you are going through the winter in a comfortable warm apartment, the hibiscus must be moved to the coldest place in the house for this period, and it’s not scary if this place is not very bright. And do not disturb the dormant plant with frequent watering.

Home hibiscus will wake up somewhere in February: young leaves will appear. Now you can expose the pot to the light, increase the frequency of watering, and start feeding. It is very important not to miss the moment of the hibiscus awakening, otherwise, if the plant moves late to the light, it may shed leaves and even buds!

Possible problems

Hibiscus buds appeared, but, without even opening, fell off

Chances are, your hibiscus is lacking in nutrients, possibly as well as water.

Hibiscus leaves turn yellow

Since there are quite a few reasons for this phenomenon, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with them separately. Read why hibiscus turns yellow.

Leaves are thick and green, and flowers do not appear

Most likely, you overdid it with nitrogen fertilizers. Maybe the plant lacks light or moisture, or your hibiscus was too hot in winter to form flower buds.

The lower leaves have fallen, and the new ones appear already yellow

It is likely that this disease is chlorosis. Use for irrigation only settled water enriched with iron. Other possible reasons for this problem: the roots are sick as a result of hypothermia (this often happens when watering the plant with cold water at a low room temperature) or because the air in the room is dry.

Hibiscus shed its leaves as a result of a pest attack

After treating the pests, prune the plant to stimulate the growth of new side shoots.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Malvaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Indoor plants Beautiful flowering Mallow Indoor trees Plants on G


The Chinese rose is a light-loving plant: it feels great in well-lit places, and with a lack of light, hibiscus develops poorly and practically does not bloom. At the same time, the plant should not be placed in direct sunlight (especially in summer): the ideal location is a window facing west or east. In the warm season, the flowerpot in which the Chinese rose grows can be taken out into the garden, on the terrace or balcony.

In summer, it is recommended to keep hibiscus at a temperature of 21-25 ° C. In winter, the room temperature can drop to 13-15 ° C. Also, the Chinese rose must be protected from drafts.

Watering should be abundant from spring to autumn, and moderate in winter. In no case should the soil be overmoistened or, on the contrary, the earthen coma should be allowed to dry out: a golden mean must be found. An hour after watering, the soil in the flowerpot must be carefully loosened. Also, in the morning and in the evening, you need to spray the hibiscus leaves (in extreme heat, this procedure is performed more often). From time to time, a Chinese rose can have a shower, washing off the dust from its leaves.

In the spring (March-April) young plants are transplanted into a larger pot. For this, a neutral substrate is prepared, consisting of 1 part of humus soil, 1 part of peat land, 1 part of sand and 2 parts of sod land. You can also add some charcoal to this mixture.

Starting from April, the Chinese rose is fed once every 20 days with special mineral fertilizers intended for flowering indoor plants. In August, such feeding is stopped.


General view of the plant and its properties

Hibiscus comes from the Malvaceae family, Asia Minor is considered its homeland. In the wild, it is found in Korea and China, its name can be translated as "a flower for beautiful ladies." It has been known for a very long time, and because of its beautiful buds, it has always been highly prized by plant lovers.

  • Hibiscus is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to three meters under natural conditions.
  • It has a branched crown, its bark is gray.
  • One of its features is very flexible branches that are difficult to break.
  • In nature, hibiscus blooms from June to September, but in an apartment it can bloom constantly, if you provide constant feeding and good conditions for the growth of new shoots.
  • Each flower pleases its owners with its beauty for only one day, and after full opening, it quickly begins to fade. But in comfortable conditions, hibiscus flowers are plentiful, so its branches will not be empty. This is a great decoration for a room, and hibiscus can grow for a very long time.

It has been cultivated as a cultivated plant for a very long time, and it has become widespread in many cultures. It owes its popularity not only to beautiful flowers. According to legend, the bud accidentally fell into the tea for a tired traveler, and the drink filled him with vitality and vigor.

Today, the famous hibiscus tea is made from dried fruits of some types of hibiscus, which has an unusual taste and invigorating properties.

In addition, there are several edible varieties whose leaves and shoots can be used in cooking as vegetables.


Home care

In apartments and offices, in most cases, the Chinese rose is grown. The plant looks like a small tree with a light brown, woody trunk. Young shoots are green, leaves do not fall off. If the growing conditions are not followed, indoor hibiscus does not bloom, but even in the absence of buds, the plant has a high decorative effect.

Location and choice of flowerpot

The light-loving species grows poorly and does not bloom with a lack of sunlight. Most often, a tub or flowerpot with a tree is placed next to a window, in a room whose windows face south or east. The western side is also suitable, if tall trees or shrubs with spreading branches do not grow nearby.

The pot is medium in size, not small, but not too large, otherwise the roots grow too much and take more nutrients. Hibiscus grows well in a wooden tub and a plastic flowerpot. It is important that there are drainage holes in the bottom, otherwise root rot is almost inevitable with abundant watering.

Where to place the plant

Five rules:

  • Closer to the window and the light.
  • In the possibility of shading in the very heat.
  • In the area where there will be free access to the tree for crown care and watering.
  • Not in a draft.
  • No dampness, no dark room.

Soil and drainage

For growth and flowering, the substrate needs not only nutritious, but also loose. It is important that with abundant watering, the water does not stagnate in the flowerpot. Drainage is small stones, pebbles, clay shards, expanded clay at the bottom of the flowerpot. holes are required for the gradual removal of water from the flower pot.

At the flower shop you can buy soil for the Malvaceae family or prepare soil mixture at home. You will need 1 part of sand, leaf and sod land + 2 parts of humus.

Planting and transplanting

A young Chinese rose is transplanted annually, adult trees - as needed, usually every two to three years. If the roots are actively growing, completely braiding with an earthen ball, the plant slows down growth, then a larger flowerpot will be needed.

When transplanting, proceed carefully so as not to damage the roots. Top dressing is not carried out for a week after transplanting.

Moving to a new soil is also advisable after purchasing a young Hibiscus from a flower shop. With an optimal soil composition, the plant quickly takes root in a new flowerpot.

Step-by-step video - instructions for transplanting a room Hibiscus:

Content temperature and humidity

Indoor hibiscus does not like dampness, drafts and cold. The optimum room temperature is above +22 degrees, but intense heat and a lack of fresh air negatively affect the plant.

In the summer, the room or office should be warm. If there is an air conditioner, then you need to check if cold air flows on the leaves.

In winter, during the period of suspension of the growing season, you can move the flowerpot with the plant to a cooler room: at the level of +17 .. + 18 degrees. The indicators should not be allowed to become extreme and fall less than +7 degrees: the thermophilic species freezes, rots and dies.

The Chinese rose loves high humidity (about 70%), but it is not always possible to maintain such indicators in a room or office, especially in winter, when central heating is turned on. Spraying in winter is not carried out, there is another simple method: put a container of water near the plant or periodically use a household appliance - a humidifier.

Watering and spraying

Indoor hibiscus loves moisture, but daily watering is not necessary. The liquid is added after the top layer has dried. Water must be defended for one or two days.

The most intensive watering is in spring and summer, with the active growth of young greenery and flowering. In autumn and winter, the tree rests, and the moisture level of the substrate is reduced.

Spray the leaves in the summer if the room is stuffy and watering is not enough to retain moisture. You can often wipe the greens with a damp cloth.

Lighting and supplementary lighting

A sun room is a prerequisite for good growth and ejection of buds. Some varieties (dwarf species) do not tolerate bright light, direct rays on a hot day can lead to burns on the leaves. You will need a little shading or placing a flowerpot with a Chinese rose in a room with windows to the west or east.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Moderate application of mineral compositions improves growth, has a positive effect on flowering. It's important to know: an evergreen tree necessarily needs all the components, including potassium, for the active release of buds and magnesium, so that the leaves do not turn yellow. With nitrogen and phosphorus, you need to be more careful, add components in a minimum amount.

Many housewives carry out top dressing based on natural ingredients. A decoction with banana peel, succinic acid for plants gives a good effect.

Pruning

To form a beautiful crown, you need to periodically cut off the lateral and apical shoots. Some housewives do not carry out measures to create a spectacular form, they limit themselves to hygienic pruning. Even in this case, the tree looks magnificent and "rich", but if you wish, you can slightly shorten the young branches in the right places in the spring in order to form the shape of a bush or tree.

In the absence of formative pruning, the bush will be wide, spreading. In good conditions, indoor hibiscus grows up to 3 m and more, and you cannot do without shortening the top. Pinching is carried out in the spring, during the growing season. The Chinese rose is a great decor for public spaces where it is not very cold and there are no drafts.

Flowering and resting period

The first buds appear in late spring, with good care and sufficient lighting, flowering lasts throughout the summer. Often, even very young plants grown from cuttings bloom, if the hibiscus is in a warm, well-lit place, receives a complex of mineral fertilizers.

Each flower pleases the eye for several days, then fades, but in another place a new one appears. From autumn to the end of winter, you need to give the Chinese rose a little rest for the spring growing season and timely ejection of buds. If the florist observes the peculiarities of seasonal care, in winter he reduces the intensity of watering, fertilization, then the Chinese rose in the spring will be full of strength for the new season.


Diseases and pests

Of all the known pests, graptopetalum is threatened only by mealybugs, which are destroyed by fungicides. Much less often spider mites may appear, against which, for example, Fitoverm is effective. Sometimes scale insects can settle, which can be destroyed by manual collection or insecticides.

Any diseases that occur in this plant are associated with improper maintenance: waterlogging of the soil, the use of natural fertilizers or a lack of sunlight. If you notice problems in time, changing the conditions can prevent trouble. So, with an excess of moisture, spots appear on the stem and leaves, and the roots soon rot: the flower must be transplanted by cutting off the affected fragments and disinfecting. Organic matter is about the same. With a lack of light, the plant stretches out, stops growing. Moving the pot to a well-lit area usually solves the problem.

Indoor graptopetalum species are short plants related to succulents. They are mainly kept due to the highly decorative rosette of thick beautiful leaves, but the flowering of some species is very interesting. Fortunately, flower care is not difficult at all, which makes it very popular.


Common species and varieties with photos

Scientists have about 400 varieties of flowers, but not all can be grown at home. Below we describe the most popular varieties suitable for growing in an apartment.

Usneiform

This variety has filamentous gray leaves with scales, the length of which reaches 5 cm.They dangle in a cascade, so this variety needs a stand. The leaves can be up to a meter long. Flowering begins during the warm season. The inflorescences are not particularly attractive, since they are painted in faded shades.

Tricolor

This species has a dense rosette, painted in three shades: scarlet, yellow and green. The rosette consists of the finest scaly leaves with sharp ends. Peduncles have long, erect stems. The flower rests on a long stem with lilac petals on the sides.

Silvery

This variety has the thinnest filament-like leaves. The leaf plates are bent in an irregular and spiral pattern. The plant looks so that not everyone will understand if it is alive. The country of origin of this miracle is Mexico. Blooms in the middle of summer with scarlet inflorescences.

Sitnikovaya

This epiphyte has panicles forming a spreading rosette. The length of the leaf can reach 50 cm. During the flowering period, the bracts are painted in a scarlet hue, small lilac flowers appear.

Violet-flowered

Epiphyte that can grow on any surface due to its ability to fix on it. The rosettes of this variety are small, with grayish foliage, which takes on a scarlet tint. The inflorescences are also small, spike-like, of a purple hue. There are also blue buds.

Blue

Tillandsia cyanea is distinguished by narrow leaves collected in a rosette. Their base is colored brown, and the leaf is covered with small scales. This variety blooms in summer, the bracts turn pink during this period. Inflorescences open gradually from the top.

Anita

The Anita variety was bred as a hybrid and has a decorative appearance. Narrow scaly leaves have sharp ends. The leaves are formed into rosettes, in the center of each of which there is a flower of a blue or pink hue.

Flabellata

This variety has the same rosette as the tricolor variety. The bracts of an orange shade of an unusual shape are striking.

Douera

Differs in spectacular beautiful inflorescences. The bracts are colored scarlet, and in the middle of the rosette there is a spike-shaped inflorescence. It is securely attached to a long stem.

Linden

Tillandsia Linden has large inflorescences of a red or pink hue and bracts of white color. The flowers are blue in color, and their center is white.


Possible problems

Various types of diseases, dangerous pests and improper care can provoke wilting and death of a plant. Among the most dangerous pests of hibiscus, biologists distinguish the following insects:

  • aphid
  • wireworm
  • Chafer
  • thrips
  • spider mite
  • whitefly.

When growing a flower, biologists recommend paying attention to the following diseases:

  • chlorosis
  • powdery mildew
  • fungal spot
  • root rot
  • rust
  • gray mold.

For the treatment of plants and for the destruction of pests, special chemical preparations must be used. The most common types of problems in growing hibiscus and their causes are:

  • falling foliage - lack of nitrogenous fertilizers, rotting of the root system, waterlogging of the soil, damage to the plant by pests
  • the appearance of spots - the presence of fungal or bacterial types of diseases
  • yellowing of leaves - mechanical damage to the root system, the presence of fungal diseases, a low level of watering
  • lack of flowers - lack of nutrients.

If the leaves turn yellow, fall off and become stained, you need to quickly find out the cause and take all the necessary measures to eliminate the problem that has arisen. Not only experienced gardeners, but also beginners can create a blooming flower bed on their personal plot. Garden hibiscus can become a bright accent of the flower arrangement. For many years, the tropical plant has occupied a worthy place in the flower beds of gardeners around the world. With a minimum amount of effort and financial costs, you can admire the blooming cloud throughout not only the whole summer, but also throughout the fall. Before planting a hibiscus, you must carefully study its features and rules for caring for it.

How to grow Syrian hibiscus, see the video below.