Ultra-early grape varieties - an overview
Gardeners are mostly patient people, accustomed to waiting for years to harvest from their favorite plants on their site, regularly and patiently caring for them. After all, until the seedling gains strength and is able to give the first harvest, it takes more than one year. But when the plant is already bearing fruit, you want the berries or fruits to appear as soon as possible, which is why super-early grape varieties are so popular among gardeners. This article will tell you about the benefits of such grapes, as well as in it you will find descriptions of some of the popular and well-established varieties.
Advantages of ultra-early varieties
According to their ripening period, grapes are divided into the following types:
- very early (up to 105 days);
- very early (105-115 days);
- early (115-120 days);
- medium early (120-125 days);
- medium (125-135 days);
- late (from 135 days).
The days of ripening are counted from the moment the central buds open in the eyes of the grape bush. However, the ripening period is a relative value and depends on the average air temperature per day. The optimum temperature for ripening grape bunches is from +2 to +32. If the weather is colder or, conversely, rises higher, then the berries will sing longer. Moreover, low temperatures are less dangerous than heat, in which the fruits not only ripen later, but also become less sweet.
The ripening period is a relative value and depends on the average air temperature per day.
Therefore, it is necessary to be guided by the weather conditions on average per season, and the ripening period should be used to calculate irrigation, fertilization or spraying.
It is also worth noting that if the air temperature drops below +20 degrees Celsius, the ripening process slows down significantly. Saturation of the bush with moisture is also important - with insufficient watering, the fruits may not ripen at all.
Very early grape varieties attract winegrowers primarily by the fact that they require a low amount of active temperatures (that is, a small number of warm sunny days), so they will fully ripen even in the middle lane, despite the rather cool and short summer.
Another advantage is the ability, due to its early maturity, to avoid most of the problems associated with fungal diseases, the most dangerous of which is mildew. Indeed, by the time this fungus is activated, the crop has been harvested, and gardeners have the opportunity to use more powerful drugs in the fight against infection, thereby leaving no chance for the disease.
Also, the very early, due to the huge reserve of time, do not have problems with the ripening of the vine and the accumulation of nutrients for wintering.
It is also important that the first harvest of the new year can always be sold at a good price, therefore, gardeners often grow such varieties for sale.
Overview of varieties
Superearly seedless grapes ripen 80-85 days. It appeared as a result of crossing of two hybrids Magarach 417 and Magarach 653. Even by the standards of early-growing species, it requires an insignificant amount of active temperatures - only 1800 degrees Celsius.
Breeding scheme for ultra-early seedless grapes
Superearly is considered medium-sized - the bushes grow up to 1.5 meters in height, with abundant deciduous cover. Bunches ripen large, up to 400 g each. The density is average. The grapes are medium in size, slightly elongated. The color is white with some golden tone, and the skin is thin. The fruit is juicy, with dense pulp and pitted (as reflected in the name).
Seedless has a high yield due to the fact that more than 70% of all shoots bear fruit, in addition, it can bear fruit on stepsons ripening by the end of August.
Seedless has a high yield due to the fact that more than 70% of all shoots bear fruit.
Suffers from crop overload, so you should not leave more than 25-30 shoots on the bush. The excess should be cut off, leaving 3-4 buds for the next year.
Seedless has an average winter hardiness, but with the right cover it can grow in the middle lane. Impervious to soil. Grapes are weakly resistant to the main fungal diseases, therefore, they require regular preventive treatments.
Timur is the result of the labors of Russian breeders on crossing Frumoas Albe and Delight. Also known as Cucumber (due to the original shape of the berries). Ripening period - 95-105 days.
Possesses increased productivity (fruiting by 95% of all shoots). A mature bunch reaches an average weight of 600 g. Grapes with a thin skin, beautiful amber or white, conical pointed shape, quite dense, with a nutmeg aroma, sweet (up to 25% sugar).
Timur is picky about soils - he gives good yields on light, well-aerated soils. Heavy soils and high humidity reduce yields, while the berries become tasteless, but when fully ripe, they are again saturated with sugar.
Timur is picky about soils - he gives good yields on light, well-aerated soils.
Self-fertile, can be oppressed by neighboring vigorous species, so you need to choose the right landing site. Differs in early fruiting - the crop can be removed already for 2-3 years. Each shoot carries 2-3 clusters. The variety is prone to overload, therefore it needs regular pruning of the vine by 6-8 eyes.
Timur is a covering variety that tolerates frosts down to -25 degrees. It is also rarely affected by most fungal diseases, except for oidium, the fungus of which can successfully develop on fruits and foliage. In addition, the grapes are affected by the felt mite. Sulfur treatments can be successfully applied against these pests.
The berries tolerate long-term transportation well, keeping their excellent presentation.
The very early elegant
Very early elegant - hybrid with a ripening period of 100-110 days. Obtained by crossing Frumoas Albe and Rapture. Possesses low and weak growth force.
The bunches have a large cylindro-conical shape, weighing up to 500 g. The fruits are large, light green or white. The flesh of the berries is fleshy, tender, with a nutmeg flavor. Sugar content is not less than 25%. The thin skin of the fruit has a dense structure and is a reliable protection from damage and from most parasitic pests.
To increase the mass of bunches, it is advisable to keep no more than 18 shoots per bush. The vine is cut into 6-8 buds.
Gardeners recommend planting Elegant in the southern regions, but with proper care, you can get high yields of this culture to the north. Elegant belongs to the covering frost-resistant varieties, it can withstand temperatures up to -25 degrees with dignity. The bushes successfully resist gray mold and mildew, as well as most other fungal diseases. Long-term presence of fruits on the bushes will not lead to a loss of taste and presentation. After grafting on a vigorous rootstock, you can cause an increase in the size of the berries and the grape bunch itself.
Very early red nutmeg
Created by Moldovan breeders. It takes 95-100 days to ripen. You can start cleaning from the second decade of July.
Red nutmeg has medium vigor. The bunches have a cylindrical shape, average density and weight up to 600 g. The berries are rather large (up to 5 g), have a slightly oval shape, with a dense skin. As they mature, they change color from red to rich purple with a clear nutmeg aftertaste. Sugar content 15-20%.
The peculiarity of Muscat is that it is not damaged by insects (wasps). One bunch ripens on the shoot. Ripe fruits can be located on bunches for 2 months without losing their presentation. Medium vine pruning - no more than 8 buds.
The peculiarity of Muscat is that insects do not damage it.
Red nutmeg has a high frost resistance down to -23 degrees. However, for safety, before the onset of frost, it must be covered. Muscat is highly resistant to fungal infections such as powdery mildew, mildew and gray mold. The size of the berries depends on the accumulation of old wood - the older the grape bush in your garden, the larger they will be.
The ripening period for this grape is 95-100 days. Bred by the head of the Saratov OPKh Vera Vasilievna Rubtsova.
The bushes have a strong growth force. Bunches weighing up to 600 g. Berries are black, round in shape, weighing up to 5 g. The pulp is juicy, covered with a thin delicate skin. Sugar accumulation - 23%.
High-yielding. Bunches, ripening in the second decade of July, can hang on the bush until December. It should be noted that the fruits do not suffer from damage to birds and wasps.
The grapes are frost-resistant, able to withstand air temperatures down to -24 degrees. It has also established itself as highly resistant to fungal diseases.
By planting it on your site, you will always reap a decent harvest.
It will take 100-115 days to ripen the Olympiada variety. Obtained by crossing Yakidon and Saba Pearls.
The bushes are vigorous. Bunches of cylindrical shape of medium size and weighing up to 250 g. Berries are green, round or slightly oval. The pulp of the fruit is juicy, quite fleshy, containing no more than 2-3 seeds. The taste is pleasant, delicate, with a slight unobtrusive nutmeg aroma. The fruits have a thin and very delicate skin, as a result of which they are often damaged by wasps and birds.
Productivity is closer to average and depends on weather and climate conditions. Feels good in the southern regions, however, due to its high winter hardiness, it can grow to the north. The variety is practically not affected by gray rot, however, there are problems with mildew, however, due to early ripening, this disease does not have time to damage the crop.
Olympiada is distinguished by unpretentious care and high adaptive performance, which is why it is so appreciated by gardeners.
Video "Caring for fruiting grape bushes"
This video will tell you how to properly care for a fruiting grape bush.
Very early grape varieties make it possible to enjoy juicy berries already in the middle of summer, in addition, they are resistant to fungal diseases, thanks to which they have earned people's love and respect. However, grapes require constant attention: watering, pruning, fertilizing, spraying are necessary companions for high and regular yields.
10 best early grape varieties
How difficult it is to wait for the grapes to ripen! For those who are impatient to taste the sunny berries of the new harvest, early grape varieties will be very useful, many of which ripen already at the end of July.
The undisputed leader of the top ten. It can be consumed at the end of July. But if you want to fully enjoy this variety, be patient until mid-August. It was by this time that Tason was gaining real taste and color. Unusual crisp flesh, thin skin and pronounced notes of nutmeg - all this will delight the most sophisticated gourmet. Tason bunches, despite their relatively small size, have a very attractive appearance and reach a mass of 700800 g.
Unfortunately, the variety is not resistant to diseases, the bushes have to be processed every two weeks. But the advantages of Tason more than cover this disadvantage. In addition, the bunches of this variety are usually cut before the mass appearance of fungi. Pruning is carried out for 8-10 buds.
The author of the variety is the breeder Zagorulko. Libya has a very balanced combination of acid and sugar. The berries are juicy, but not watery, the skin is very tender.
Large (up to 15 g) pink berries are collected in huge - up to two kilograms - bunches.
Libya has an average resistance to mildew, but three to four treatments can overcome this deficiency. But the resistance to powdery mildew in this variety is very high. The list of advantages is completed by superearly maturation.
Small (370-550 g) bunches of this variety consist of large transparent-white berries that perfectly pick up sugar. The berries are very sweet, the flesh is juicy and fleshy.
When leaving, it is very important to carry out the first two treatments on time - before and after flowering.
Excellent taste and very early ripening times made this variety of Moldovan selection one of the most popular. Since the variety is very resistant to disease, it is enough to carry out only preventive treatments. Another undoubted advantage of Tomayskoye is its high yield. Each shoot usually has two or three brushes. Since the clusters are small - up to 600 g - you can leave two brushes on the shoot.
The beautiful Tomaysky berries taste like the Cardinal variety.
When growing this variety, you need to remember that the crop is poorly preserved on the bushes after ripening. Therefore, timely cleaning is very important.
This super-early variety has been known for a very long time, but, thanks to its remarkable qualities, its popularity does not diminish. Bunches reach a mass of 500-600 g, and with good nutrition they can be even more. Bunches of Codryanka can be on the bushes after ripening for a long time, without losing their taste and color.
Unfortunately, this variety also has a drawback: a tendency to peas, especially if it rained during the flowering of the grapes.
Laura (also called Flora)
An early variety with very large berries and large - up to two kilograms - bunches. After ripening, the crop can remain on the branches for a long time without compromising quality.
But the variety, unfortunately, is not very resistant to diseases - especially to mildew and gray rot. And if it rains during ripening, the berries may crack. But the growers forgive these shortcomings of Lore for the excellent quality of the berries and early ripening.
Similar to Arcadia, but better. Ripens ten days earlier - by the fifth of August, the berries are more beautiful and tastier than those of Arcadia. Bunches - from 1 to 1.5 kg.
In all respects, this variety is, if not a replacement for Arcadia, then an excellent, earlier in terms of ripening, addition to it.
New gift to Zaporozhye
The berries are similar in appearance to Laura's berries. When fully ripe, they acquire a very beautiful yellow color. Bunches - more than a kilogram, winged ones are found. The variety is not only early ripening, but also very productive.
Unusual berries of this variety - elongated, pink, weighing up to 18 g and the size of an adult's finger - are highly valued by both winegrowers and consumers. The berries are collected in large - up to 1.5 kg - bunches, the taste is very pleasant.
The variety is very productive, the bushes take root well and grow quickly. Fungal diseases Transformation is practically not affected.
The name of this hybrid grape form speaks for itself. Large Gourmet berries (up to 9 g) have an oval shape, pink color and an amazing taste with a light note of nutmeg. Bunches in the shape of a cylinder reach a mass of 600 g. The crop is harvested at the beginning of August.
The bushes of this variety grow to medium size, resistant to powdery mildew and gray rot.
Super early grape varieties & # 8211 review
Name: Home vineyard
Format : PDF
Year: 2012 r.
The book you are holding in your hands is addressed primarily to gardeners living in the zone of risky farming. Nikolai Sergeev, a practicing gardener who has been successfully growing grapes in the Urals for 18 years, shares not only the author's agricultural techniques (from preparing seedlings to harvesting harvest), but also recommends the best varieties that are resistant to adverse conditions and give a rich harvest. Detailed illustrations and diagrams will be useful to both beginners and experienced gardeners.
Author: Larina Svetlana
Name: Grapes for beginners
Format : PDF
Year: 2013 g.
Like any other crop, grapes require special treatment and timely care.This book answers the main questions that arise among gardeners who decide to establish a vineyard on their site.
Cultural agrotechnics is described in maximum detail and step by step. A separate chapter is devoted to caring for the bush - methods of shaping, pruning, pinching, pinching, debris and even transplanting adult bushes, grafting and reproduction of grapes. An overview of popular varieties - early, medium, late - will help you choose the best one for a particular site and climatic features. Try it - and the harvest will not be long in coming!
Grapes that ripen early
Given that there are early frosts in Russia, Russian winegrowers prefer to grow early grape varieties. They manage to bear fruit in full before the onset of cold weather, and are much less likely to be exposed to fungal and other diseases.
Early grape varieties are divided into ultra-early and ultra-early. It is necessary to choose one or another variety according to the following criteria:
- disease susceptibility
- cold resistance
- the rate of onset of fruiting.
Jupiter, Neptune, Mars
Early table grape varieties
Early maturing grape varieties are found in every garden today.
Ultra early table grape varieties
Ultra early grape variety Codrianka
One of the earliest varieties is the Harold grape
Ultra-early grape variety Russian early
Early ripening table grape variety Gourmet
Table: ultra early grape varieties with description and characteristics
Photo gallery: ultra early grape varieties
Very early table dark grape varieties with description and characteristics
Early ripe grape variety Transformation with pink-red fruits
An early ripening grape hybrid Black cherry has rich, dark purple berries
- The early ripe grape Aivaz, obtained in Ukraine (Moldova + Cardinal), ripens in 115 days. Berries are dark blue, large, oval, sweet taste - usual, with sourness. Bunches in the form of a cone, weighing 400-600 g. The bushes are powerful, ripen by 70%. The average yield is up to 6–8 kg during the growing season.
An early ripening variety of American selection Beauty Seedlis
Early ripe grapes Zabava, bred in Ukraine
Early ripening variety from Bulgaria - Lyubimets
Taman hybrid with early ripening
Super early table light grape varieties with description and characteristics
An early ripe hybrid of light varieties of Arcadia has a bountiful harvest
Early ripe grape variety Bazhena
Ultra-early grape variety Hercules with light pink fruits
- The early ripening variety Vega of Ukrainian selection combined the quality features of Demeter and Arcadia. Grape-shaped berries are oval-cylindrical, light yellow, with a delicate nutmeg-fruity aroma. Vega's bunches are large, conical up to 1.5 kg, ripen at the end of July. Vigorous grapes have bisexual flowers and require medium pruning.
Early ripe variety Vega with light green fruits
Galahad, ripening at the end of July, takes on a characteristic brownish tint in the sun
Ukrainian variety Raspberry with round milky-green fruits ripens in early August
Rusbol ripens in the last decade of July
Small clusters of early maturing Hip-hop grapes, moderately loose
The most productive early varieties of table grapes with a brief description
Velika table grapes from Bulgaria
Among the first most productive varieties, practicing gardeners note:
- Arcadia - 25-30 kg
- Laura - 25-28 kg
- Early Russian - 20-24 kg
- Codreanka - 20-22 kg
- Gala - up to 23 kg.
Early ripe grape harvest Arcadia
Abundant fruiting - up to 15–20 kg - in the varieties Preobrazhenie, Bazhena, Gurman, Rusbol, Libya, Timur.
The sweetest varieties of early table grapes
Table: indicators of sugar accumulation for some grape varieties of early ripening
|Name||Sugar accumulation in%|
Video: an overview of early-ripening dessert grape varieties (Arcadia, Velika, Transfiguration, Jubilee Novocherkassky and others)
Early technical grape varieties with description and characteristics
Purple early nutmeg is classified as a technical grape.
White-fruited variety Platovsky
Technical early ripening variety Rondo
Early ripening Pinot tin (Pinotin) ripens after 120 days
Grape varieties for planting on the site
Country house - this is the place where you rest with your soul. It is so nice to come out of town, where a harvest of various delicacies is waiting for you with your own hands: strawberries, currants, peaches and, of course, grapes.
An autumn delicacy that is loved by both adults and children.
And what wines can you make from it to enjoy cool evenings, sitting on your summer cottage veranda and admiring the sunset! Have you dreamed? Now let's work and try to figure out which grape variety is best to plant in your country house.
Arcadia grape variety and description
Arcadia is considered one of the most popular varieties among summer residents. Why is that? Everything is very simple:
- the yield from one bush exceeds 20 kg (a record was set - 50 kg from one bush)
- in winter it calmly tolerates frosts down to minus 24 ° С
- pollinated on its own
- well kept
- the fruits are huge.
The grape bush itself Arcadia high standing, branches grow very quickly, with almost 70% of new shoots being fruitful. It has large, light green leaves. Not very strongly dissected, they are divided into 5 blades.
An early ripe variety that can offer to taste its fruits as early as 120 days after pruning (if produced in spring). The bunches are huge, loose. If well looked after, this variety produces a very large bunch, sometimes reaching 3 kg.
On average, it is generally accepted that a bunch of Arcadia has a mass of 700 g. Berries have an oblong shape in the form of an egg or heart. The color of the berries is from green to amber-honey. To be more precise, each berry is larger than a five-ruble coin and weighs 11g on average.
The berries ripen on the bunch amicably.
The taste is unique, complete harmony is felt in the mouth: light, refreshing, unobtrusive. If you overripe a little, then you can feel the notes of nutmeg. The flesh of the berry is fleshy, dense and very juicy, the rind is firm, although rather thin.
In terms of technical maturity, Arcadia has an acidity of up to 6 g / l and a sugar content of 15%.
Codryanka grapes: photo and description of the variety
Bush variety Codryanka unpretentious and considered tall. The main advantages include the fact that it is easily adaptable, grows on any soil, and requires a little attention.
These qualities were inherited by the Marshalsky and Moldova varieties, since Codryanka is a hybrid of crossing these particular varieties.
Frost resistant, has excellent immunity to various infections.
Begins to bear fruit in the 2nd year after planting or grafting, the vine ripens quickly.
An excellent table variety, has moderately "full" bunches, the average weight of which is about 0.6 kg, can reach a weight of 1 kg, while having a presentable presentation.
The berries themselves are large, elongated, 3 cm long and 7 g in weight. Dark, with an almost purple-black color, the berries are covered with a thick waxy bloom. When ripe, the berries do not crack.
The taste is pleasant, does not stand out for unusualness, soft, sweet, there is a slight sourness, juicy. The skin is dense, easy to bite through. There are few seeds, they are quite easily separated from the average density of the pulp.
The acidity of the variety is up to 8 g / l, the sugars in the berry are 18%.
Lydia grapes for a summer residence
Lydia has long been the "mistress" of the summer cottages. It is used not only for food purposes, but also for landscaping yards. In other words, an arched variety Lydia shades gazebos and awnings with its lush vegetative mass.
Although the bush is considered to be medium-sized, the strong vigor of the vine, strong massive branches make it possible to enroll Lydia among the arched grapes. The leaves are large, five-lobed, the color is dark green. Self-pollinating universal variety, ripening within 150-160 days.
Winter-hardy, resistant to mildew and powdery mildew, has immunity to a variety of diseases.
The bunches are loose, small, on average 110 g. They have a conical shape. The berries are round and medium in size. They are distinguished by a rich pink color with a purple bloom. Up to 40 kg can be harvested from a bush. An ideal variety for making table and semi-sweet wines.
The berry tastes velvety, juicy, sweet and sour. The aroma is akin to fresh strawberries, the skin is thin.
Variety Lydia has a slightly increased acidity, which reaches 9.5 g / l, but at the same time contains a sugar level of up to 20%.
Kishmish grapes: the difficulties of growing and successful varieties
Kishmish in the country is the dream of every winegrower. To grow this miracle, you will have to make every effort and show a lot of patience. It is necessary to plant Kishmish at a distance of 2 meters in a row, and 3 meters in a row spacing. The varieties are:
- low frost resistance, can withstand temperatures up to minus 15 ° С
- frost-resistant, can withstand minus 24 ° С.
Regardless of the variety, the bush is rather weak in winter, so it is better to warm it for this time of year. To obtain a crop in early spring, it is simply necessary to carry out chemical treatment against pests and diseases.
Consider the most popular Kishmish varieties:
The early maturity of this variety is 5 months. The bush itself is quite tall, the shoots are actively growing. After planting, the first crop can be obtained in the third year.
The clusters are rather large, their weight varies within 800-1600 g. The berries are large, pink in color with a dark bloom, slightly oval in shape.
The positive features of this variety of Kishmish include tolerance to medium frosts, resistance to gray rot.
The variety is considered rare, but avid summer residents and gardeners definitely want to get one. It is resistant to many diseases. In favor of such "acquisition" on the site, one can note:
- pitted romulus
- high in sugar content
- gives stable high yields
- has an unusual taste similar to pineapple.
As a minus, it can be noted: the berries are medium-sized and crumble if overripe.
An early ripe Moldovan variety, it takes only 4 months to get berries. The bunches are loose, medium in size, weighing up to 500-700 g, with good agricultural care, they can be grown up to a kilogram. The berries themselves are large, pale pink and oblong in shape. The taste of these berries gives off a hint of nutmeg.
The disadvantages of this variety include:
- withstands temperatures only up to minus 18 ° С
- whimsical and unstable to diseases (especially mildew).
Round white kishmish
The late-ripening variety has vigorous bushes and small clusters weighing up to 500 g. The berries are small, but have no seeds. The taste is pleasant, the skin is thin, the pulp is firm and very juicy. As a minus of this variety - a small yield.
Laura grape variety with description and photo
One of the earliest ripening grapes. The growing season is only 115 days. The bush is medium, with a strong trunk and strong vines that have an average growth rate. Up to 80% of the vines are fruitful.
Leaves with split ends and a pronounced five-lobed shape, the color is dark green.
A bunch of medium friability, conical shape, with fruits of light green color. The length of the bunch is on average 40 cm, each weight ranges from 1 kg to 3 kg.
Usually clusters on a bush do not differ much in size and weight.
The berries are large, they come in different shapes (oval, egg-shaped, cylindrical). On average, the size of each berry is up to 4 cm, and the weight is 7–10 g. The pulp is dense, crispy, the skin is harsh. The berries hold well on the bunch even after overripe. Laura has a pleasant sweet and sour taste with hints of nutmeg.
The acidity of the variety should be considered at the level of 8 g / l, sugar content - from 20%. But it is worth noting that the sweetness of the berries decreases if the soil has high humidity or the weather during the growing season was wet and cool.
Grape variety Augustine for giving
Table variety, perfect for giving. It is frost-resistant, can withstand up to minus 24 ° C and is immune to disease. He loves light, therefore it is necessary to "settle" it on the sunny side of the site.
Bush at Augustine tall with strong shoots. The dark green leaves are almost round, not lobed. Self-pollinating, while it is able to pollinate other bushes nearby.
The bunches are loose, sometimes with lateral wings. The average weight is considered to be 800 g, although it ranges from 400-1250 g. The berries are elongated, of a noble amber hue, with a slight bloom of white. The berry weight can reach 8 g, and the length is up to 28 mm.
The taste is pleasant, sweetish, firm flesh, medium thickness skin, very pleasant smell. Resistant to shedding and can hold out on bunches after ripening for about three more weeks.
Rusbol grapes: white berries without seeds
The second name of the table variety
Rusball, which is common among winegrowers - Kishmish Mirage. The variety is attractive and perfect for summer cottages. It has a high genetic potential, resistance to pests and fungi. High-yielding early maturing (115–125 days) variety.
The bush is even, with beautiful vines, which are evenly covered with clusters. The bunches are large and very large, conical in shape, can reach from 1 kg to 1.5 kg, subject to all agrotechnical conditions, they grow much more.
The berry is amber-yellow, oval in shape, up to 1.5 cm in diameter, the weight of the berry is 3 g. There are practically no seeds. The taste is harmonious, but rustic. The pulp is quite dense, sometimes there are rudimentary seeds (soft clots), very juicy.
Flowers are a feature of this variety. They are bright and large, which is not typical of other varieties.
The acidity is up to 7 g / l, the sugar content is up to 21%.
Delight grape nutmeg
There is no limit to the wonders of selection, and this applies to grape varieties Nutmeg delightbecause he adopted the best qualities from his crossed pair. This allowed him to take pride of place in the dachas of both ordinary people and experienced winegrowers.
Nutmeg delight - table grapes with tall, spreading bushes. Refers to very early ripe varieties. Its vines are tall and bear fruit along their entire length, which makes 80% of the bush fruitful. They have an average vigor, but during the growing season they can grow up to 2 m.
The bunch is full, weighs 800 g on average, sometimes it can reach 1000 g. Its shape is close to conical, but it also happens that the bunch is shapeless. The berry is quite large, weighing 7 grams, slightly elongated, egg-shaped. The color can be different: from white-light green to amber shade "when sunburned". The taste is full-bodied with light notes of nutmeg in the aftertaste. The fruit is juicy, the flesh is firm.
It is considered a sweet variety, sugar accumulation is up to 25%, and acidity is 7 g / l.
Grape variety Timur with photo
The progenitors of the hybrid Timur were already beloved by winegrowers Rapture and Frumoasa Alba. Frost-resistant (up to minus 25 ° C), disease-resistant, early maturing, vegetative period lasts just 105 days.
The yield is quite high. The bunches are moderately dense, conical in shape, weighing on average 600 g, can reach a weight of 2 kg.
Berries are nipple-shaped (oblong with a pointed tip) have a light color, in some places they are completely white. They stick very well to the bunch, do not crumble when overripe.
The skin is very thin, the flesh is dense and crispy. The taste is harmonious, with hints of nutmeg.
Timur's sugar content is high and is up to 22%, acidity is up to 9 g / l.
General recommendations and tips for growing grapes at their summer cottage
Choosing a place on the site... It is recommended that the place where the future vineyard will be laid out be sheltered from the wind and located on the sunny side. There are no special requirements for the soil cover, but if the soil at the dacha is salty or swampy (groundwater passes close by), then it is better to refuse to plant a vineyard.
Please note that saplings should be planted from the walls of the house with an indent of 1.5 m, from shrubs by 3 m, from trees by 7 m. We plant grapes. There are two seasons for planting:
- spring - from April to May
- autumn - from October until frost.
The pit should be about 80 cm deep.
- The first layer is 20 cm, it is advisable to apply fertilizers (powder, potassium, phosphorus, ash), mix fertilizers with soil in a ratio of 1.5: 2
- The second layer is 20 cm, fertile soil into which the roots of the seedling are lowered
- The third layer is 40-50 cm, the earth is mixed with sand and filled up to the top.
- Tamp and pour with plenty of water.
Vineyard care. After planting, the owner only has to look after the shrubs and wait for big harvests.
- Prune the bushes, leaving only the three main stems.
- Apply organic or mineral fertilizers.
- Wrap up for the winter.
- Treat pests and diseases.
Fulfilling all these conditions, you can get an excellent harvest of delicious grapes.