Moorish garden: the magic of Muslim motives in the design of the site
The ennobled oasis is a symbol of life and the main joy of a person living in a desert area. How do you want to sometimes find yourself in such an amazing garden to enjoy the lush greenery, the dizzying aromas of bright exotic flowers, to feel the pleasant coolness of fountains sparkling in the sun and smoothly running streams. Gardens in the Moorish style are the direct heirs of the famous gardens of the ancient East. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, belonging to one of the wonders of the world, are a striking representative of such natural corners, described in the Quran and created in the likeness of paradise places.
Classic traditions of the Moorish style
A feature of the Moorish-style gardens is luxury, pomp and a lush riot of colors.
Moorish gardens are characterized by the desire for maximum splendor against the background of the need to save life-giving moisture.
Principle # 1 - loyalty to the laws of geometry
Moorish gardens are distinguished by a specific layout. The Moorish style originated in the 19th century and is, in fact, a kind of Muslim garden, based on the layout of the origins of the Muslim religion. The layout of the garden involves dividing the territory into the so-called chor-bag, which means four gardens in Arabic.
Symbolically, the four gardens represent the elements: air and fire, water and earth. Geometrically, they are represented by four sections, decorated in the Moorish style - cozy corners lush with greenery.
Externally, the sections of the garden resemble open rooms, the walls of which are entwined with marvelous flowers and vines.
Small areas, decorated with intricate mosaic patterns, are somewhat similar to exquisite outdoor galleries. When arranging a garden on a plot with a slope, the main elements are designed in the form of geometrically regular terraces.
But unlike the regular style in Moorish gardens, a verified geometric plan is successfully combined with a natural riot of vegetation, creating a picturesque picture that amazes the imagination. The clear lines given by the human hand to the garden are brightened up by a riot of lush flowering plants.
Principle # 2 - water is sacred
Water is of paramount importance in Muslim philosophy. It is sacred because it gives life to everything. Thus, the Garden of Eden described in the Qur'an is divided by four rivers into four sections. In the Moorish gardens created in his likeness, they try to place water sources so that water flows through specially created channels along the four sides of the garden.
The fountain occupies the central place in the garden, and the water flowing out of it divides the territory into four equal squares with directed streams.
The jets of water in the fountain do not hit with pressure, but quietly murmur and flow smoothly along the sides. After all, water is a sacred gift from heaven, and it should not be wasted. The pool or pond is also made small, trying to save the consumption of life-giving moisture.
The option of placing fountains inside each of the four courtyards is possible. But even in this case, the sources are positioned so that a view of the water opens from every corner of the garden, and the jets flow smoothly to four different directions of the world. The fountain can be in the form of a bowl, jug or vase.
The bottom of the reservoir is decorated with colorful tiles, drawing attention to the heart of the garden, and the outer walls are decorated with mosaics of Muslim stars.
The ponds are framed with wide stone curbs or boardwalk, on which it is convenient to nestle, enjoying the cool moisture.
Principle # 3 - having a patio
An obligatory element of the Moorish-style garden is the patio. It doesn't matter if it is adjacent to the house or located in the very center of the garden. The main thing is closedness and opacity for prying eyes, so that only the owners of the house and their guests could enjoy harmony with nature. The role of the site fence can be performed by densely planted tall shrubs and trees.
Such a garden looks especially impressive against the background of a house, the walls of which have a slightly rough structure, and the exterior decoration is made in light colors.
The hot climate forced people to create shadow curtains, pavilions and gazebos, giving coolness in the scorching heat. In the open area, a spacious tent with a domed roof made of light fabric of oriental colors can be placed, under the arches of which garden furniture is placed.
The sofa set under the awning, decorated with colorful and colorful pillows, will emphasize the color and luxury of the Moorish garden.
Marble benches, framed by ornamental shrubs, are conducive to pleasant relaxation and philosophical reflections.
The free areas of the courtyard are filled with paving of multi-colored tiles and stones. The tree trunks, arches with climbing plants and flower beds are decorated with colored mosaics, making them look more advantageous and picturesque.
In such a garden, you will never meet statues with figures of animals and faces of people - they are prohibited by the Muslim religion.
To decorate the passages from various parts of the garden, trellises, pergolas and arches entwined with green climbing plants are used.
The vistas leading from the center of the composition end with gates, vaulted niches or semicircular arches.
Principle # 4 - specific gardening rules
The presence of a reservoir in the garden contributes to the creation of a special atmosphere in which even the most fastidious exotic plants feel comfortable. Bushes and trees are not cut unless absolutely necessary, allowing them to fill the space between ponds and paths.
The rose garden is the main decoration of the Moorish garden. When choosing flowers for the rose garden, special attention is paid not only to the color, but also to the aroma of flowering buds, creating a charming fragrant ensemble in a corner of paradise.
Place rose gardens in close proximity to water bodies, creating unique compositions of dizzying aromas
The springs are also decorated with graceful water lilies and spectacular climbing plants.
Figs and pomegranates are symbols of the oriental garden. They decorate the entrance to the site, planted along the paths, along the perimeter of the sites. An alternative to these trees can be magnolias, peaches and almonds, which are not inferior in decorative qualities to exotics, but feel more comfortable in our latitudes. Vertical landmarks in the garden will create cherries, apricots and apple trees.
Fragrant citrus fruits planted in floor containers will bring the necessary oriental atmosphere to the site
When choosing trees for decorating a garden, preference is given to varieties with a rounded and pyramidal crown shape.
Landscaping a Moorish garden is impossible to imagine without a mixborder. Poppies, crocuses, daffodils, lilies, lavender and other flowering plants are perfect for its arrangement. They are selected in such a way as to ensure the continuity of flowering throughout the season. Spicy herbs, which often adorn oriental gardens, will also find their place in the flower garden.
Well, how can you do without the famous Moorish lawn, which outwardly resembles a Persian patterned carpet
Fragrant herbs and colorful wildflowers are an elegant decoration of the Moorish lawn: marigolds, flax, pyrethrum, cornflowers, small daisies, nemesia. Most of the plants that make up lawn mixes attract butterflies and bees with their aroma, bringing a special oriental flavor to the site.
Rules for creating a Moorish garden
In our latitudes, the arrangement of Moorish gardens has become a fairly popular trend in landscape design.
A corner of paradise can be created even on a plot with a small area by choosing flowering plants for its decoration, which can grow in the garden as naturally as possible without requiring an obligatory haircut
The Moorish landscape style, based on the Islamic religion, has its own philosophy. There are no strict requirements for the basic landscape, but when creating a garden, it is advisable to adhere to a number of basic rules:
- Garden geometry... The layout of the garden involves the division into zones and the use of figures with the correct geometric shape when arranging the territory.
- The presence of a water source... The centerpiece of the garden is given to a fountain or small body of water. The source should be positioned so that the water is visible from any corner of the garden.
- Selection and combination of plants... For the decoration of the garden, plants with beautiful foliage and lush flowers are selected. Plants in the plots are planted in small groups, forming living oriental patterns from them.
- Paving paths... The free areas of the garden are filled with paving made of staggered tiles. Quite often, paths and paths are laid out with a mosaic of oriental motives.
By creating a picturesque oasis with flowering trees on your site, you will bring the delightful diversity of the East into your daily life.
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Moorish Garden - a fashionable trend in landscape design
Until recently, the personal plot was just a place for growing bushes and trees, and there was no talk of any kind of landscape design. Now the garden near the house is no longer just a place where you can lie in a hammock under an apple tree, it is a stylistic continuation of the house, a peculiar face of the owner. One of the most fashionable trends in landscape design today is the Moorish garden. The distinctive features of the Moorish garden will be discussed in our article.
What is a Moorish Garden?
Moorish gardens trace their history back to ennobled oases - symbols of hope, life and coolness in the desert. That is why the main features of the Moorish style in landscape design are the abundance of greenery, bright colors and life-giving water. You can also say that the Moorish garden is a small piece of Islamic paradise on Earth. The Moorish garden is also often called the Mediterranean. This is partly correct, because the Moorish gardens gained immense popularity precisely after the Arabs came to the Spanish coast, bringing with them the Islamic traditions of gardening. It is no coincidence that the arrangement of gardens in the Moorish style has become the most fashionable trend in landscape design in our latitudes. Firstly, large areas are not needed for a Moorish garden; it will look very harmonious even in small areas. Secondly, the plants in such a garden are allowed to grow naturally, without the obligatory pruning and shearing to shape. Thirdly, the Moorish garden is very bright, colorful and unusual, just buried in greenery and flowers. It is not at all necessary to fill the garden with rare exotic plants; it is quite possible to achieve the luxury of a Moorish garden by combining plants that are characteristic of our climate.
Choosing a style of landscape design for decorating a plot with a garden
What style of garden planning to choose for a suburban area in order to enjoy every trip to the country? Find out the characteristics of each and draw conclusions. So, you are the happy owner of ten acres of land. And the usual idea of how these ten acres should look like does not suit you very much. And you have a desire not only to grow cucumbers and parsley on the site, but also to watch the sunrise and listen to the singing of recently awakened birds. Then the question is resolved unequivocally: an urgent need to plant a garden! It remains to study the styles of landscape design and choose your own.
Planning is an important step
Without preliminary planning, it will not be possible to competently carry out landscape work. A planting plan is required with the obligatory indication on it of the assortment of plants and design details. First of all, you need to put on the drawing all the trees already on the site. Early flowering crops and perennials will grow well next to them. If there is a vegetable garden on the site, then you can separate it from the garden with decorative borders made of herbs - sage, basil, hyssop.
Next, the recreation areas are drawn - a lawn, a swimming pool, a gazebo, an area for cooking barbecue, a children's playground. In the center of each zone, the names of the plants planned for planting are indicated. A hand-drawn design of the future garden can be colored with colored pencils for greater clarity. That, in fact, is all. A start has been made, you can proceed to implementation.
Home garden styles
The appearance of the garden always reflects the internal state of the owner of the house: whether he loves strict forms or adheres to the theory of "easy disorder", professes the philosophical views of the West or the East, whether he is a supporter of splendor, or, conversely, simplicity and emphasized minimalism in everything.
With this in mind, gardens can be laid out in the most appropriate basic layout styles:
- Latin American
- in the style of a forest landscape and others.
What is each of these styles of garden layout and what are the features of its design? Let's consider in order.
Such gardens were very popular in medieval France. The main feature is the presence of a large space and clear forms of decorative elements: alleys, flower beds, artificial reservoirs, hedges. Too wide species diversity of plants is not necessary here. For example, it can be a rose garden.
Layout options for a regular garden can be symmetrical, that is, with an axis of symmetry strictly running in the center and a mirror arrangement of plants, minimalist - a small round garden that requires almost no maintenance, as well as geometric - a clear organization of space in the form of strict geometric shapes.
It is best to plant calendula, petunias, irises, lilies, tulips in a regular garden, from shrubs - thuja, wheatgrass, juniper, boxwood. In this case, the garden is best used decorative, with a clear layout and markings.
Landscape style decoration
Its main difference is a reliable imitation of a wild, untouched corner of wildlife, which excludes any symmetry and straightness: paths are winding, reservoirs are of irregular shape. Perennials - roses, tulips, irises - are not planted strictly symmetrically, but in small picturesque groups, as they might grow in the wild. From ornamental trees and shrubs, preference is given to hawthorn, birch, mountain ash, conifers.
Especially attractive for such gardens is the old-fashioned romantic view, where mallow and sage, hydrangea and foxglove, alder and viburnum coexist. The color scheme should not be bright, but, as it were, slightly muted, sustained in the so-called cold range, consisting of violet, lilac, blue colors. The flower arrangement looks especially impressive against the background of a stone wall or fence, creating the image of a medieval castle. Alpine slides can be used. Decorative lanterns are good in such gardens.
Japanese style garden
To lay out such a garden, it is necessary to know the traditional oriental canons of organizing space, to be able to arrange all the elements of the composition in such a way that a feeling of calmness, tranquility and balance is created. Do not overload the space with details.A pond is required in such a garden: either a stream with a bridge thrown over it, or a small pond, or a miniature waterfall. You can use a man-made dry stream, the construction technology of which we have already talked about.
Each element that makes up a Japanese garden occupies a specific place in it and has its own symbolic meaning. The stones, scattered here and there, symbolize the masculine principle - yang. Artificial ponds and streams - the female principle of yin. Hills, landscape elevations - peace, courage and strength. The garden itself, as a rule, is very small in terms of its area - this is dictated by the fact that there are not very many vacant lands in island Japan.
What are Japanese gardens
Japanese-style gardens are divided, in turn, into several subspecies:
- garden with a small pond
- moss garden
- rocky garden
- garden with a waterfall
- garden with a pond and water lilies
- garden with fountain
- garden with lanterns
- coniferous garden
- garden with decorative flowerpots and others.
Plants planted in Japanese-style gardens are usually not very bright and catchy: begonia, daylily, phlox, irises, bell, forget-me-not, St. John's wort, delphinium, common lilac, juniper, moss, boxwood, white poplar, boxwood, thuja.
The emphasis in such a garden is, as a rule, on perennials or self-seeding annuals. We must not forget about climbing plants - nasturtium, ornamental beans, sweet peas, which mask the errors of walls and makeshift hedges, and also decorate the vertical elements of the architecture of the house. Color solutions should not be too much thought out - on the contrary, some luridness is appropriate. The usual plants for such a garden are bird cherry, mountain ash, birch, wild rose, elderberry, lilac and other plants familiar to the Russian people from childhood.
The decoration of rural gardens is also close to the real life of a simple country estate: a well, a wicker fence with clay pots, old abandoned carts, wooden tubs, flower beds decorated with rough stones, stylized figurines of domestic animals.
The Mediterranean style of the garden in landscape design is suitable for those who like bright colors: yellow, orange, red, pink, blue, purple. Such typical features of the Mediterranean direction as terraces, stone fountains made of natural stone, pergolas entwined with ivy and much more will come to the place in the best possible way, and fragrant herbs - basil, lavender, hyssop, sage - will add missing accents. From decorative crops, begonia, grapes, thuja, maple, thorny spruce, as well as climbing rose, ivy, Chinese wisteria, clematis, iris and others will be good.
You can decorate a Mediterranean garden with tiles that imitate natural stone, metal arches, wooden statues, red brick fences, fountains, staircases, stone borders, figures of large animals carved from stone, gates separating different zones of the garden from each other, clay flowerpots scattered in disarray throughout the garden, paths of decorative tiles.
Moorish style plot
Muslim traditional concepts and customs, formed over the centuries, underlie this not entirely familiar style of landscape design. It is characterized by the obligatory presence of pools and fountains, tiled with light ceramic tiles. Spicy herbs, marigolds, strawberries, azalea, pelargonium, balsam, hawthorn, as well as climbing plants and openwork hedges entwined with grapes are required.
Of the planning elements that attract the eye, ponds decorated with red brick and moss, statues on stone pedestals, benches, fountains made of large natural stones, ivy-entwined brick walls, the obligatory presence of oriental ornament in decorative elements, paths covered with small stones of a reddish hue will be good ... Let the white water lilies swing on the surface of the pond.
Latin american style
Such a garden looks very bright and original, but it is hardly advisable to use it on the entire area of the site. It is best to arrange some not very large corner in front of the entrance to the house in the Latin American style. Plants suitable for this are agave, cactus, daylily, pelargonium, yucca, climbing rose. Many of these plants do not hibernate outdoors, so they need to be planted in large pots or flowerpots, which are masked by broken shards.
Design solutions for garden decoration - a wooden veranda, bamboo garden furniture, pots with flowers everywhere, colorful lanterns, gray tiles, glass tabletops, bright pillows and tablecloths, large vases, curly brackets, paintings on the veranda walls, stairs with wrought iron railings , reddish-brown carpets on the wooden floor.
The main detail of the forest garden is the emphasis on trees and shrubs. That is why it is the easiest to care for and does not require special attention. When choosing trees, you need to take into account the type of their crown - it should not be too thick, otherwise the garden will be dark and not very comfortable. Ferns, bell, forget-me-not, lily of the valley, snowdrop, and, of course, petunia, delphinium, marigolds, climbing rose, sage, common lilac, spruce, willow, chestnut, maple, evergreen boxwood will fit well into the forest landscape.
How to decorate a garden in the style of a forest landscape? Wooden fences, curbs, metal arches, large flower beds with bright flowers, wooden benches, conifers in the background of the composition, gravel paths lined with decorative tiles, green lawns, garden sculptures, driftwood scattered in some places and other objects will be good.
In any case, no matter what style is chosen, the garden will bring the urban man, who spends most of his time in the bustling metropolis, closer to natural nature and will significantly decorate his life.
If you don't have a suburban area yet or you want to create a corner of nature in a city apartment, then set up a mini-garden in a pot, create a florarium in a glass container or decorate a balcony with flowers. Do not rush to leave our site "Women's Hobbies", we still have a lot of useful and interesting information for those who want to live differently.
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