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Blackcurrant Lazy: late-ripening variety with large sweet berries

Blackcurrant Lazy: late-ripening variety with large sweet berries


Black currant takes pride of place on any garden plot. This is one of the most popular berry crops. Often, several varieties are grown with different ripening periods in order to feast on tasty and healthy berries all season. Of particular interest to gardeners is the large-fruited currant Lazy, delighting with the harvest at the end of summer.

Blackcurrant Lazy: description of the variety, characteristics, photo

The variety was bred by scientists S. Knyazev, L. Bayanova and T. Ogoltsova at the end of the last century at the All-Russian Research Institute of Breeding of Fruit Crops when crossing the varieties Bredthorp and Minai. Since 1995, it has been introduced into the State Register and recommended for the North-West, Central, Volgo-Vyatka and Middle Volga regions.

The lazy black currant was bred at the end of the last century and since then has been very popular among gardeners.

The unusual name - Lazy - acquired the variety due to the late ripening period: the berries ripen in August, by which time other species of this culture have already borne fruit. There are few such late-ripening varieties. Among the features, it is also worth noting the very large size of the fruit and the sweet taste.

Characteristic

The currant forms a tall, medium-spreading bush with straight, strong, smooth shoots of a light green hue, golden at the top. The leaves are five-lobed, large, green, shiny, without pubescence, with short wide denticles along the edges. Buds are medium in size, cone-shaped, pinkish-purple in color, formed along the entire length of the branches. The currant blooms with flowers similar to bells, with reddish petals. Inflorescences of medium size, located on drooping, long, up to 8 cm racemes.

Lazy currant grows in a tall, spreading bush with powerful branches

The main advantage of the variety is its large rounded berries, weighing 2.5-3.1 g, brownish-black, sweet. They contain: sugars - 8.3%, vitamin C - 157.0 mg%. The taste is rated at 4.5–5 points. The berries are non-uniform. The pulp is juicy, of medium density, the skin is of small thickness. On average, 110.5 centners are harvested from 1 hectare.

On a note. Self-fertility of the Lazy Man - 45%, can bear fruit without additional pollinators. But to improve the taste and increase the yield, it is recommended to plant other varieties nearby: Binar, Ojebin, Pilot Mamkin, Belorusskaya sweet.

The variety is also valued for its frost resistance - it tolerates even severe frosts (-34), therefore it is widely cultivated in the Leningrad and Pskov regions. In addition, the Lazy Man is resistant to pathogens of such common diseases as powdery mildew and anthracnose, and is rarely affected by a kidney mite (1 point). The disadvantages include non-simultaneous ripening of the crop, shedding of ripe berries and a low level of transportability.

Blackcurrant variety Lazybear is prized for its large, sweet berries

Landing features

In order to grow healthy and productive currant bushes, several conditions must be met.

Dates and place

Black currants can be planted both in spring and autumn. However, since the vegetation process in a plant begins early, during spring planting it does not have time to sufficiently develop the root system, there is a great risk of its death. Therefore, the most favorable period is autumn, you can plant berry bushes throughout September until mid-October. The main thing is that the plant must be planted 2-3 weeks before the onset of frost, so that it has time to take root.

Purchase of seedlings

Healthy planting material is the key to a future harvest. Therefore, you should not buy seedlings at spontaneous markets, sales, where they often offer low-quality goods or a completely different variety. It is better to buy them in nurseries and garden centers. For planting, it is better to use one- and two-year-old plants.

When buying seedlings, you should pay special attention to the root system.

On a note. Two-year-olds take root better faster and begin to bear fruit faster.

When choosing seedlings, you should know:

  1. An annual plant should have 1-2 shoots up to 25 cm high, 1-2 skeletal roots 15 cm long and many fibrous roots.
  2. A two-year-old seedling should have smooth, flexible shoots up to 40 cm tall, with 3-5 lignified roots 20 cm long with yellowed bark and developed fibrous roots.
  3. The roots should be free from damage and rot. It is advisable that they be processed with a clay mash to prevent them from drying out.

Reference. To make sure that the selected plant is a black currant, just scratch the bark of the twig just a little: the green pulp has a specific currant aroma.

If currant seedlings are purchased in late autumn, they are added dropwise. To do this, trenches are dug in a sunny area, plants are laid with their tops to the south on a layer of sawdust or moss, they are covered with earth and covered with spruce branches.

Site preparation

The most suitable place for a Bummer is sheltered from the wind, well warmed up by the sun. The more sunlight the plant gets, the sweeter the berries will be. In the shade, the bush stretches out, the berries become smaller. To protect the shrub from the cold northerly winds, it is better to plant it along the fence.

Blackcurrant Lazy, planted along the fence, will be reliably protected from cold northerly winds

The variety is especially undemanding to the soil, but bears fruit more abundantly on light sandy loam, well-seasoned lands. It should be borne in mind that an excess of acidity is not suitable for black currants, in such areas it grows poorly, the berries crumble. Therefore, to deoxidize the soil, add 500 g of lime per 1 m2.

You should not plant bushes in low-lying places where cold air stagnates or groundwater lies close. If it is not possible to choose another site to avoid flooding, drainage grooves are made to drain water.

Enough space should be left between the bushes, at least 1 m - with a sparse planting, it is easier to care for them and harvest. Thickening of the bush leads to a decrease in yield and a deterioration in the taste of berries.

Important. You should not plant a Bummer where berry bushes used to grow. The best predecessors for black currant are potatoes, corn, rye, legumes.

Landing

In advance, a few weeks before planting, it is necessary to prepare the site: dig up and level the ground, remove the rhizomes of the weeds. Lime and ash are added to reduce acidity. A hole 40 cm deep and 50 cm wide is dug under each bush, leaving a distance of 1–1.5 m between them.

  1. Before planting, a fertile layer of earth is poured onto the bottom of the hole, mixed with humus (1 bucket), ash (300 g) and superphosphate (200 g).
  2. The plant is planted at an inclination of 45 degrees, while the root collar is deepened by 10 cm or more - this contributes to the appearance of additional roots and new shoots, which in a short time grow into a strong bush.

    The plant is planted in a hole at an angle, which contributes to the rapid growth of roots and the appearance of new shoots

  3. The hole is covered with nutritious soil, tamped.
  4. Water the seedling well (10 l).
  5. Mulch the soil with hay, straw, sawdust with a layer of 8 cm to protect it from overheating and retain moisture.

Important. Planted in prepared nutrient soil, black currants will take root well, harden and get stronger over the winter, and in spring they will quickly grow and begin to bear fruit.

Video: basic rules for planting seedlings

Competent care

When growing black currants, a lot of effort is not required, but timely watering and feeding, competent pruning, preventive measures to prevent diseases and pests contribute to the formation of a healthy bush, which will produce excellent yields for 15–20 years.

Watering

Water the currants 2-3 times a week (1 bucket per bush) with warm water heated in the sun. With insufficient watering, the foliage dries, the fruits become smaller and crumble. The culture especially needs moisture during the fruiting period, because at this time flower buds are laid, forming the harvest of the next season. Watering is best done in the evening so that the soil is well moistened and the roots are saturated with water. However, excess moisture adversely affects the development of plants and can provoke the occurrence of fungal diseases.

The whole season blackcurrant bushes are watered, they stop watering only when the berries ripen

Water the currants from a watering can, by sprinkling with a hose or through grooves 15 cm deep, made in the root zone. When the berries ripen, watering is stopped to prevent cracking.

Top dressing

Top dressing contributes to an increase in yield and a more intensive development of the currant bush, therefore they plant it in well-fertilized soil. In the spring, at the end of March, the plant is fed with nitrogen fertilizer (40 g urea 10 l), chicken droppings (100 g 10 l). When the ovaries are formed, nitroammofoska (150 g 10 l) is introduced under the bush. In autumn, currants are fertilized with humus (10 kg), ash (100 g / m2).

Complex fertilizers contain all the elements necessary for the growth and fruiting of black currant

Important. Nitrogen fertilizers are not used in the autumn, so as not to cause the growth of new shoots, which do not have time to woody by the cold and may die.

Pruning

To grow a healthy plant that gives excellent yields, bushes begin to form immediately after planting: they shorten the shoots by 2/3 and leave 4–5 buds. This promotes the development of lateral ramifications.

  1. In the second year in the spring, while the buds have not blossomed, remove weak, dry and broken off shoots, the base of the bush should be 3-4 strong branches.
  2. In the third year, 5 strong new shoots are left at the overgrown bush.
  3. In the fourth year, the formation of the bush is completed by pruning. A properly pruned bush should have about 15 skeletal branches of different ages.

    Black currant pruning is carried out annually in early spring, diseased and broken branches are removed in autumn

In the future, rejuvenating pruning is carried out, removing old shoots, from the young they leave straight, strong, curved and weak ones cut off. In the fall, diseased and dried branches are removed.

Video: spring care for black currants

Preparing for winter

The Lazybear variety tolerates cold winters well, so the shrub does not need additional insulation. To prevent freezing of the roots, the trunk circle is mulched with horse manure, sawdust, having previously cleaned it of weeds and moistened well. In winter, they rake snow under the bush.

Disease prevention

Black currant of this variety is resistant to common diseases of berry bushes. However, in unfavorable conditions, it can be affected by diseases and be attacked by pests. For prophylaxis, before flowering, it is recommended to treat the bushes with a Bordeaux mixture (100g 10 l), Topaz (1 ampoule 10 l), Confidor Maxi (1 ampoule 10 l). After picking the berries, the plants and soil are treated with Nitrafen (300 g / 10 l).

To avoid black currant disease, prophylactic spraying of bushes with biological products is carried out

Testimonials

When choosing black currants for your garden, you should pay attention to the late-ripening variety Lazy, frost-resistant, disease-resistant. If you adhere to the recommendations for caring for the shrub, for many years you can collect rich harvests, feast on fresh berries and make tasty and healthy preparations for the winter.

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Currant
  1. History of creation
  2. Description of the variety
  3. Pros and cons
  4. Planting and leaving
  5. Plant care
  6. Watering
  7. Pruning
  8. Top dressing
  9. Diseases and pests
  10. Powdery mildew
  11. Goblet rust
  12. Anthracnose
  13. Kidney mite
  14. Leaf gall midge
  15. Kidney moth
  16. Gardeners reviews

Planting currants

Usually, currants begin to bear fruit as early as the next season after planting. It is believed that the best time for planting currants is the first months of autumn, and only as a last resort is it allowed to plant in spring.

The location of the currant in the form of a free-standing bush

For planting, seedlings are chosen that are at least 2 years old, in which three skeletal roots have formed. When choosing seedlings, it is imperative to examine its root system so as not to acquire sick or weak planting material.

The best place for planting currants is a sunny area, which is well protected from the winds. The soil for the plant should be neutral or slightly alkaline. Growing bushes on acidic soils is unacceptable, therefore acidic soils must be limed.

Simultaneously with liming, additional fertilizing should also be applied under the bushes in order to provide the plant with all the elements necessary for normal growth and fruiting. For a guaranteed result, liming is best done immediately not with ash, but with lime.

Site preparation begins in advance. About a month before planting, a plot for currants is dug to a depth of about 20-25 cm, all debris and wood residues are removed from it.

After digging into the ground, the following components must be added:

  • lime 300 - 1000 g
  • superphosphate or double superphosphate (200 g or 100 g, respectively)
  • potassium sulfate 20-30 g
  • organic fertilizer (compost, rotted manure, humus) - 3 kg

Planting currants in the autumn

In fact, you can plant currants at any time during its growing season, however, the best results are obtained when planting a plant in the autumn.

Pits for planting seedlings must be prepared two weeks after the preliminary preparation of the site. Thus, two weeks will remain before planting the seedlings, and the soil will have time to settle. The size of the holes for planting seedlings should be 50 by 50 cm, and their depth - about 40 cm. The bushes are arranged in rows or staggered with the distance between bushes and rows from one and a half to two meters.

In addition to the above dressings, under each bush it is necessary to add about one bucket of humus (or any similar organic fertilizer), as well as 100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium chloride. In order to avoid contact between the roots of the seedling and large fragments of fertilizer, which can lead to a burn of the root system, top dressing should be sprinkled with a layer of earth of about 5-6 cm.

Seedlings are placed in holes at an angle of 45 °. Moreover, they must be placed in the fossa in this way so that the root collar is at a depth of no more than 5 cm.The roots should be carefully straightened, otherwise the process of formation of additional roots will go very slowly. In addition, it is desirable to place the bush in such a way that some of the buds are below the ground level. Such an arrangement will allow new roots and shoots to form from these buds. Thanks to this, currant bushes can be formed, consisting of a large number of fairly strong branches.

The roots and part of the buds are slightly (3-4 cm) covered with earth, it is slightly compacted and watering is performed. Watering rates are about 5 liters per bush. After watering, the soil is poured into the pit until it is completely filled. Around the bush, it is necessary to make a circular furrow with a diameter of 30 to 40 cm and a depth of 5-10 cm, into which water must be poured.

Then the bush should be mulched with humus. This is necessary so that after watering, a crust does not form on the ground, which prevents air from reaching the roots.

Young rooted bush

When mulching is over, it is necessary to trim the shoots of the seedling at a height of 12-15 cm from the ground level (not mulch). At the same time, at least 5 buds should remain on the shoots. If at such a distance there is not the required number of buds, pruning must be done at such a height that there are exactly five buds. The cuttings are also stuck into the ground at a distance of 20-30 cm from the middle of the bush. It is very likely that these improvised cuttings will also be able to take root.

Planting currants in spring

In general, this method of planting a plant is not welcome, since with it there is a high probability not only not to get a crop this season, but also to spoil the seedlings. The problem is that it is necessary to plant the plant in the spring before the start of sap flow, that is, at the time before the active period of bud opening has begun. This segment, which characterizes the beginning of the growing season, is rather short and by the time it begins, the soil may simply not have time to warm up so that bushes can be planted in it.

Planting in spring is not recommended

Therefore, such a planting is carried out either in the case of a very early spring, or when there is no other way out and the seedlings will simply not “make it out” until autumn.


Tips for choosing a variety

When choosing a variety of shrubs for planting, you need to focus on the agrotechnical characteristics of the plant

In order not to regret choosing a variety, it is useful to know the tips and recommendations of experienced gardeners before buying:

When choosing a large-fruited variety, there is no need to chase novelty - there are no rules for care for newly bred varieties.

Adapted varieties in the second and third generations will be better accepted and yield higher yields.

The most fertile plants will not give abundant fruiting, if you do not take proper care of them in compliance with the rules of agricultural technology.

Large-fruited varieties need increased watering and feeding.

It is necessary to choose healthy and high quality planting material.

It is better to buy a dessert variety of currants, it is more aromatic and much more delicious than the universal one.

Industrial varieties (Dana, Osipovskaya, Dar Orla, Ural beauty, Marmaladnitsa) are less demanding for care, but their taste is inferior to dessert and sweet-fruited ones.

When buying foreign varieties, you need to be prepared for the fact that the planting material will not be accepted. Domestic selection for planting is best suited.

In terms of the degree of resistance against pests, infections and diseases, old varieties (Belarusian Sweet, Green Haze, Golubka) are inferior to modern ones, which means that the fruits will have to be processed more with chemicals.

Despite such an abundance of varieties, the selection of black currant continues. The ideal view does not yet exist. New varieties of the plant are constantly appearing, and its positive characteristics only increase.

To understand which variety to give an advantage, you need to plant 5-6 types of shrubs on the site with different fruiting periods and agrotechnical characteristics. Having tasted the fruits of each, you can choose one species, the most delicious, which you can then propagate in the garden.

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