The use of turnips in medicine

The use of turnips in medicine

Read the previous part - Biology of turnip development and its relation to environmental conditions

Useful biologically active substances determine the nutritional, dietary and medical value of turnips. Roots are mainly used as medicinal raw materials.

Turnip and juice from it have a tonic, antitussive, expectorant, diuretic, antiseptic, bactericidal, wound healing, analgesic, sedative, anti-atherosclerotic, choleretic, distracting effect. Eating it in food stimulates the secretion of gastric juice, improves digestion, enhances intestinal motility. In dietary nutrition, fresh or boiled turnips with vegetable oil are used for diseases of the liver and gallbladder.

It is also used as a remedy for gastritis with low acidity, spastic colitis, for diseases of the bile ducts, intestinal atony. Turnip is used in low-calorie diets for nutrition of patients with obesity and diabetes mellitus. It prevents the development of cancer of the rectum and colon, pancreas, prostate and breast. Turnip is very beneficial for bone tissue in children and those who suffer from osteoporosis.

The healing possibilities of turnips have always been used very widely among the people. The medieval code of health for the inhabitants of Salerno states: "Turnip is a joy to the stomach, and it brings out the winds, And it causes urine ..."... The Russian "Ogorodnik", published at the beginning of the 19th century, says: "Juice from fresh turnips is a sure remedy for scurvy in the mouth, smearing it on swollen and blood-oozing gums heals them in two days.".

The greatest medicinal value is possessed by turnip juice... It works weaker than radish juice. Its high antiscorbutic properties have long been noted. There is evidence of the ability of this juice to dissolve kidney stones. Turnip juice has a beneficial effect on joint diseases. And also it is an excellent tool for lowering the acidity of the internal environment of any animal organism.

In food and for medicinal purposes can also be used turnip leaves... Turnip leaves (tops) contain a lot of calcium, so juice is prepared from them, which is an excellent drink for children and adults suffering from softening of the teeth. The potassium content in turnip leaves is so high that it gives the juice from them the ability to increase the alkalinity of the body, especially if you mix this juice with celery and carrot.

Since ancient times, turnip has been used as an antiseptic, wound healing, analgesic, diuretic - for asthma, severe cold cough, acute laryngitis, loss of voice due to colds.

Raw roots are useful for stimulating appetite, as a source of vitamins in winter and spring, and as a laxative for constipation. Eating raw turnips, at least once a week, helps to massage the gums, cleanse teeth from plaque and tartar.

In scientific medicine turnip roots and juice from them are used for ingestion with increased excitability of the nervous system, vitamin C deficiency, colds and pulmonary inflammatory diseases, gastric and renal pathology, edema of renal and cardiac origin, atherosclerosis.

Outwardly, the juice is used in the form of rinses for toothache, stomatitis, laryngitis, sore throat, or in the form of compresses and baths for arthritic pain in the joints, with frostbite.

With a healthy gastrointestinal tract, it is better to use grated raw turnips, in case of any violations - boiled. Grated turnip puree, flavored with vegetable oil, is considered one of the effective means for stimulating the acid-forming and secretory functions of the stomach glands, the motor function of the intestines. It is advisable to consume 250 g of puree 1-2 times a week for chronic constipation, gastritis, gastric ulcer with reduced secretory function.

Fresh turnip juice - better than yellow (100 ml per dose 1-2 times a day 20 minutes before meals) - is indicated for gastritis and gastric ulcer with reduced secretory function. Freshly made turnip juice diluted with water promotes better gallbladder emptying, and undiluted juice significantly increases the production of bile by the liver.

Juice with honey (sugar) is taken when coughing, as a gargle for inflammation of the nasopharynx, as a diuretic. It is used for hypoacid gastritis, intestinal atony, spastic colitis, hypokinetic biliary dyskinesia, as well as for acute laryngitis, bronchial asthma and metabolic polyarthritis. Take half a glass with 1 tablespoon of honey 2-3 times a day half an hour before meals. Turnip juice with honey in a ratio of 1: 1 in the amount of 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day will help get rid of a strong cough with colds, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma.

Boiled juice in an arbitrary dosage is effective as an expectorant for bronchial asthma, colds, coughs, acute laryngitis and hoarseness, and as a sedative for insomnia and palpitations.

A mixture of fresh yellow turnip juice with white cabbage juice (50 ml each) is indicated for gastritis and gastric ulcer with reduced secretory function. It is recommended to take it twice a day 20 minutes before meals.

In folk medicine turnip in the form of fresh juice mixed with honey is used for coughs. Boiled turnip juice with sugar or honey (preferably honey) is helpful in treating chest pains from colds and coughs. When coughing, turnip juice with honey (to taste) is consumed 1-2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day.

A mixture of turnip juice (2 tablespoons) with dandelion root juice (3 tablespoons) and carrot juice (1 glass) strengthens teeth and all bone tissues well.

Hemorrhoids heal pretty quickly if you eat raw vegetables and fruits and drink a mixture of turnip, carrot and spinach juices.

In folk medicine, boiled, pounded warm turnips are applied to sore spots with gout. Hot boiled root vegetable gruel applied to sore spots helps with joint diseases. Regular use of turnips boiled in milk with carrot juice, to which a little honey is added (50-70 g three times a day before meals) helps with impotence.

Turnip decoction (2 tablespoons of finely chopped root vegetables, pour a glass of boiling water, cook for 15 minutes, cool, strain) should be taken half a glass a day as a diuretic, expectorant and sedative for bronchial asthma, cough, acute laryngitis, palpitations, for colds of the respiratory tract, especially with acute bronchitis. With polyarthritis, including gout, baths (local and general) from a decoction of turnip are effective. For insomnia, it is recommended to drink it 1 glass at night. Gargling with warm turnip decoction helps with toothache.

Turnip infusion (2 tablespoons of finely chopped turnips, pour a glass of boiling water, insist, strain) take half a glass 4 times a day in the same cases as the broth.

An infusion of turnip leaves is used for rinsing the mouth for various dental diseases, for the prevention of caries. To do this, it is enough to pour 20 g of chopped leaves with one glass of boiling water and leave for 30 minutes.

With a mixture of mashed raw turnips and goose fat, frostbite areas are smeared.

For the same diseases, there are many different recipes, so do not despair, you need to try, experiment and choose the most effective ones, especially since they are different for each.

Raw turnip and its juice are not recommended for exacerbation of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, as well as for acute gastritis with increased secretory activity of the stomach, enterocolitis with diarrhea, acute inflammatory processes in the liver and kidneys.

Read the rest of the article - The use of turnips in cooking

Valentina Perezhogina,
candidate of agricultural sciences


Sarepta mustard is grown in order with its seeds to squeeze oil with nutritional and antibacterial properties. A small amount of essential oil in the leaves, stems, plant this mustard like green manure.

Mustard contains: carotene, niacin, pyridoxine, thiamine, phylloquinone, iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus. It also includes saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and trans fats.

Mustard is an excellent spice to add to meat, fish and vegetables. It is also used in medicine for colds, put mustard plasters in water with mustard, you can steam your feet. Mustard helps to get rid of the grease on the dishes. And mustard seeds and oil are added to canned food.

Mustard helps to improve appetite and increases the secretion of gastric juice, which leads to the normalization of digestion processes.

But a large number of harmful plants, insects do not like mustard. Therefore, it is used by those who are against the use of chemicals - fungicides on the site, and choose organic, as they grew organic vegetables and fruits.

The cake is the remnants of mustard seeds after pressing the oil. When the seeds are crushed and pressed, the oil is the most useful elements, fatty acids, essential oils, glycosides. But still, some of these substances are present in the cake. This is a product that contains fiber, proteins, minerals. It is added to food, to feed pets.

But cold-pressed cake is sold in stores in the form of a grayish-brown powder.

As in the treatment of any disease with herbal preparations, before using myrrh-based products, it is imperative to consult with your doctor. Self-medication often leads to a worsening of the condition, the transition of the disease to a chronic stage and other negative reactions from the body.

Herbal decoctions, infusions and seeds are contraindicated for pregnant women, lactating women, children, people with acute diseases of the digestive tract, individual intolerance.

1. Basil is useful for losing weight not only due to its low energy value. Spice normalizes metabolism, accelerates metabolic processes.
2. The herb has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, helps a person to calm down and recover. In addition, it normalizes the process of gas exchange in the intestines, relieves bloating.

3. Basil is recommended to be included in the diet for people with urolithiasis. The herb softens stones, relieves pain, removes uric acid.

4. The high concentration of vitamin K in the composition stimulates the speedy healing of wounds, cuts, the body recovers faster.

5. Basil strengthens the immune system. It is especially recommended to be introduced into the diet of children during the period of viral diseases, as well as patients after severe operations.

6. Due to the presence of iron in the composition of hemoglobin increases, blood pressure normalizes.

7. It is useful to rinse your mouth with decoctions based on spices, basil perfectly disinfects the oral cavity, refreshes, and is characterized by antibacterial effects.

8. Vitamin A improves eyesight, maintains youthfulness and beauty of the skin.

9. Broths of basil, as well as fresh leaves - an excellent remedy for relieving headaches. The spice does the job better than any pill.

10. Spice is used for the prevention and treatment of all kinds of colds, inflammatory, viral diseases.

How is dodder used in traditional medicine

Dodder is an annual plant without leaves and roots, with a climbing stem. Summer residents are fighting a weed that parasitizes crops by taking nutrients. Country plants die because of the loach, and it is dangerous for livestock that can eat it. Official medicine rejected the poisonous plant, but grandmothers know that this garden and meadow weed has great benefits that have been used in folk medicine since the time of Avicenna and Ancient China.

The use of turnip in medicine - garden and vegetable garden

Biennial herb. in the first year forms a rosette of basal leaves and a succulent root (root crop). The basal leaves of turnip are large, strongly dissected, pair-lobed, rigidly pubescent. Root crops, depending on the variety, can be of various shapes. The outer color can be white, yellow, less often purple. The pulp is juicy, white, yellow or pinkish. In the second year turnip develops a flowering stem. The inflorescence is a scutellum. The fruit is a pod. Seeds are dark brown, rounded. The native land of the plant is the Mediterranean countries. On the territory of Russia, turnip is widespread almost everywhere as a vegetable garden.

Turnip is rich in energy and plastic substances. It contains proteins and carbohydrates. In root vegetables, sterols (β-sitosterol, campestrin, brassicosterol), carotenoids (lycopene, γ-carotene, cryptoxanthin), phosphatides and fatty acids (linoleic, linolenic, palmitic, oleic), anthocyanins (rubrobrussicin), progoitrin, gluconapine) and a number of isothiocyanic compounds. Turnip is rich in vitamins. It accumulates vitamins B1, B2, B6, pantothenic and ascorbic acids.

Turnip chemical composition table (per 100 g of product).
Vitamin PP0.8 mg
Beta carotene0.1 mg
Vitamin A (RE)17 mcg
Vitamin B1 (thiamin)0.05 mg
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)0.04 mg
Vitamin C20 mg
Vitamin E (TE)0.1 mg
Vitamin PP (Niacin Equivalent)1.1 mg
Calcium49 mg
Magnesium17 mg
Sodium17 mg
Potassium238 mg
Phosphorus34 mg
Trace elements
Iron0.9 mg
The nutritional value
Calorie content of turnip32 kcal
Protein18.6 g
Fats1.5 g
Carbohydrates0.1 g
Alimentary fiber6.2 g
Water89.5 g
Starch0.3 g
Ash0.7 g
Organic acids acids0.1 g
Mono- and disaccharides5.9 g

See the chemical composition and nutritional value of fruits, vegetables and herbs:


In domestic folk medicine, turnip was considered a remedy. In the North, it has long been used as an antiscorbutic agent. In its raw form, it is prescribed for constipation. Turnip juice with honey is considered a means of stimulating cardiovascular activity, and turnip juice with sugar (to taste) is recommended for colds of the upper respiratory tract, accompanied by a dry cough. In scientific medicine, it is widely used as a dietary food product for a number of diseases.

Term of preservation of seed germination

Seed treatment before sowing

The seeds are heated for 20 - 30 minutes in a tightly closed jar immersed in warm water (50 ° C)

Two terms: early spring (late April - early May) and summer (from mid to late June)

Distance between plants when thinning

1st thinning: 4 - 5 cm 2nd thinning: 8 - 10 cm

Soils by degree of acidity

Neutral or slightly acidic (but satisfactorily tolerates increased soil acidity)

Sandy loam and light loamy, well-worked

Any vegetable crops other than cabbage (cruciferous)

Every gardener dreams of unprecedented harvests. Increasingly, getting them help plant growth and development regulators. However, what these substances are and what their principle of action is, not everyone knows.

It is known that the health and productivity of the crop grown on it depends on the level of soil acidity. Define soil acidity it is possible in laboratories specialized for this, or it is possible independently with the help of a pH meter or indicator litmus paper. There is also a method for determining the acidity of the soil by weeds growing in a given area. How to determine and change the acidity of the soil.

Clay soils - a real trouble for the owners. Many people know this picture: with good care of the garden - carrots with marigolds, potatoes with peas, unripe zucchini and eggplants, black sides of tomatoes. What to do? A good harvest on clay soil is real.

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