How to choose the right plants for east and west windows
Most indoor plants thrive on windowsills on the east and west sides of the house. Sunlight does not come directed, but diffused, shading flowers in such a place is not required. But is there a significant difference between growing crops in these two directions?
If we talk about sunlight, then its amount seems to be exactly the same on the west and east windows. True, often the location of the windows is not strictly directed in these directions, but with a slight offset, and the height of the vegetation under the windows is of great importance for the flow of light into the room. For example, a southeast-facing window is favorable for growing light-loving indoor crops. And the northeast direction is ideal for plants that prefer shady conditions. And how do the growing conditions differ from each other on windows that are strictly directed to the west or east? It turns out that the air temperature during the day, night and morning, as well as in different seasons, differs significantly on the west and east windows.
To create ideal conditions for keeping indoor plants, there is not enough good lighting, regular moisture and timely feeding. The most important element is, nevertheless, the correct temperature regime. In the summer months, on the windowsills of the eastern and western directions, the air temperature naturally changes during the day, but in completely different ways.
In the morning hours before sunrise, the air on the windowsill is cool, with the appearance of warm sunlight, the plants wake up and begin their vigorous activity to continue their growth and development. On the hottest summer days, the flowers on this window are not threatened with sunburn, since the direct sun does not get here. The soil in the pot does not heat up and does not dry out during these few hours in the morning, and in the afternoon the lighting is still bright, but already diffused.
A bright sun appears on the west window in the afternoon. At this time, the air temperature in the room is already quite high (especially in summer). Indoor flowers have a negative attitude towards elevated temperatures, and especially those species that prefer a temperate climate with high humidity. Being in the first half of the day in a hot room, they look forward to at least a short coolness, and instead comes the bright afternoon sun and direct sunlight.
Daily temperature fluctuations
For the full development of most plants, the night temperature should be cool and the daytime warm. The transition from low to high temperatures should be gradual. Such temperature fluctuations are natural for many crops, they contribute to the formation of flower buds in a large number of indoor flowers.
The night is cool, but in the morning the temperature rises and remains high throughout the day. Coolness gradually returns in the evening.
The evening chill comes abruptly, replacing the intense heat immediately after sunset.
Which houseplants to choose?
When purchasing an indoor flower in a store, you need to take into account its preferences and the possibilities of growing in your room. While many crops adapt perfectly to the west and east windows, you shouldn't pick varieties that don't like the location. Before buying, study well the growing conditions of this crop, its relationship to temperature, light levels and humidity.
Plants for the window
Araucaria, Achimenes, Asparagus, Aucuba, Dracaena angustifolia, Saintpaulia, Streptocarpus, Zantedeskia Ethiopian, Cyclamen Persian, Clerodendrum, Aspidistra, Pilea, Poinsettia, Hovea, Maranta, Singonium, Philodendron, Fissar, Stefissendrone ...
Plants for the west window
Aglaonema, Allamanda, Anthurium, Livistona, Gusmania, Vriezia, Monstera, Begonia, Cordilina, Dendrobium Orchid, Codiaum, Pandanus, Spathiphyllum, Fuchsia, Schefflera, Cyperus, Ficus Benjamina, Mandewylorium, Zipladewyllum, Zipladewillum Date palm, Scindapsus.
It is a mistake to assume that all plants are drawn to the sun. Some people prefer to hide from the rays and be content with diffused light, partial shade or complete darkness. In scientific parlance, lovers of poor lighting are called heliophobes or sciophytes.
There are many heliophobes in nature; they are present on six continents. Some have mastered at home. They do well on north-facing windows and some distance from natural light sources. Sciophyte flowers are placed in the back of rooms and even in rooms where windows are not provided.
The ability to grow in the shade appeared in heliophobes for natural reasons. In nature, such plants do not have access to sunlight. Therefore, they had to adapt to the proposed conditions.
Shade-loving plants grow:
- in the lower and middle tiers of tropical forests, where access to light is limited due to dense tree crowns (sansevieria, sheflera, dracaena, some vines, chlorophytum)
- in the herbaceous layer of subtropical forests and forests of the middle zone, where flowers hide the tops of trees from the sun (Tradescantia, Aspidistra)
- in shaded marshland (ferns)
- in areas with high humidity, where fogs are frequent (Saintpaulia, streptocarpus, some varieties of cordilina)
- in mountainous areas, where rocks protect from sunlight (saltium, some species of anthurium).
In conditions of poor lighting, plants are able to bloom no worse than those that grew under the bright sun. Photos serve as proof. Flowers of heliophobes amaze the imagination with the bizarre shape of petals and inflorescences, a variety of shades.
Some shade-loving plants are capable of budding in both warm and cold seasons. They keep flowers on the branches for up to six months.
Among the flowering shade-tolerant plants, the following are popular:
- spathiphyllum. It grows in the shade by 5-10 cm per month, producing glossy dark green leaves. The flowers are white, of an original shape, appear all year round and last 2-9 months. In strong light, the leaves turn pale and the buds are not tied
- Saintpaulia. A favorite flower of many generations of florists. Saintpaulia pots are placed by the northern windows or on tables and pedestals in the back of the room. It is important to ensure regular watering, then the plant will delight you with flowering several times a year
- begonia. An apartment with windows facing north will suit most varieties of this plant. Begonia is considered the most unpretentious flowering plant. In gratitude for the easy care, it blooms for several months a year.
- vriezia. An extravagant tropical plant with vibrant arrow-shaped flowers. She needs a little light, but the Vriezia liquid loves and needs regular watering and spraying
- clivia. A bright rosette of clivia inflorescences will become the main decoration of the room. It is not difficult to “make” the plant bloom: diffused light, fertile soil and regular watering will provide the bush with flowers for 4-5 weeks
- streptocarpus. Able to release one hundred bright bell flowers at the same time. To do this, he needs a dim light and frequent watering.
- orchids. Tropical beauties make demands only on humidity and do not like drafts. They need light in a minimal amount.
Flowering is not the only positive quality of the plant. Heliophobes, which do not have the ability to produce buds, look bright and elegant thanks to their elegant foliage.
Among shade-loving plants, decorative leaves are gifted:
- chlorophytum. Able to grow in conditions where other flowers die. Chlorophytum has gained wide popularity for its vitality and endurance. It needs a minimum of light and easily forgives care errors
- sansevieria. Another plant is the ascetic. A room with a minimum of light will become a cozy sweet home for him, in which he will continue to release long vertical leaves.
- rubber ficus. A plant with an impressive history and a docile nature. Retains the title of the main pet since the 19th century. Able to grow in a tree and a half meters high, even in the shade.
- Japanese aucuba. The plant became famous for the beauty of the leaves, painted with golden yellow spots. Even in low light conditions, it can grow into a strong tree 1.5 m high
- arrowroot. It stands out for its bright color of leaves, which does not fade even in the shade. Needs frequent watering and additional humidification
- aspidistra. The plant's dark green leaves resemble those that produce lilies of the valley. It will not bloom, but it is capable of maintaining a bright green color even in poor lighting conditions.
- mnogoryadnik sickle-shaped. It is a fern with elegantly carved leaves. It forms dense bushes even in poor lighting conditions. There is only one difficulty in growing this indoor flower: during the dormant period, it needs to lower the temperature to 10 ° C
- aglaonema is changeable. The bush of the plant itself looks like an exotic flower with graceful light green patterned petals. Decorate a dark corner in the apartment.
The leaves of non-flowering indoor plants are like works of art - multi-colored, covered with patterns, unique. It's nice that this beauty will delight you all year round.
The image of a spreading palm tree is often associated with a hot climate and bright sun. However, some members of this family are capable of surprising. They do not require natural light and are able to grow even on northern windows in houses in central Russia.
The following palms show amazing resistance in low light conditions:
- dracaena. From the point of view of botany, this is not a palm tree at all, although it looks similar. Belongs to the asparagus family, and, like relatives, prefers places with soft diffused light and high humidity
- hamedorea. Indoor flower with spreading carved leaves that will decorate any room. She has no special requirements for lighting, but in other matters she is capricious. She needs a lot of free space, moisture above average, regular watering and fertile soil
- rapis palm. A palm tree with a compact crown does not take up much space. It is located at the window and in the back of the room. The main thing is not to forget to regularly water and spray the plant.
A dark room will be transformed if you decorate it with a palm tree. Even shade-loving species will inspire thoughts of a serene vacation in warm countries, the streets of which are always flooded with sunlight.
Some heliophobic plants are so afraid of the sun that as they grow, they do not reach for it, but, on the contrary, tend downward. We are talking about ampelous or curly indoor flowers that look beautiful in hanging pots.
Some shade-loving varieties release flowers from time to time. However, this is not their main advantage.
The most common shade-tolerant loaches are:
- ivy. Its long shoots with graceful leaves grow at an astonishing rate, forming a whole green waterfall. This is one of the most unpretentious plants in the world, which calmly tolerates the lack of light, and interruptions in watering, and sudden changes in temperature.
- tradescantia. Will become a bright spot of color in a shaded room. The color of the leaves in different varieties varies from light green to deep purple. He responds to simple care with great gratitude
- tetrastigma. People call it indoor grapes for their external similarity. Growing rapidly and reclaiming indoor space.
Ampel plants will help transform a room by covering a part of an empty wall, a shabby closet or a water pipe under their shoots. This is a great solution in terms of energy, psychology and design.
The most unpretentious
Among heliophobes, there are both capricious plants and completely unpretentious ones. They are ready to forgive the owners for any mistakes and to please them with a healthy appearance.
For beginner flower growers and those who do not have the opportunity to devote a lot of time to caring for indoor greenery, the following flowers can be advised:
- japanese aucuba
These plants are united by the ability to grow in the most difficult conditions. Otherwise, they are completely different.
Among these ascetics from the flower world, one can find flowering specimens, and decorative leafy, and curly ones. That is, to choose the flower that will really delight you for many years to your taste.
Flowers for the south window photo with names
Abutilon, aka indoor maple
For a south-facing window, you can find a lot of indoor plants, both brightly flowering and beautiful in their unusual shape or color of leaves. The main thing is not to forget that they require frequent watering. And then grateful pets will delight you with the riot of their flowering.
Ecology of life. Home: For some reason, it is believed that most indoor plants do not like the sun and southern windows are the most unsuitable for indoor plants. On many sites, it is advised to shade almost every plant from direct sunlight. Well, except that it is still permissible to put cacti on the southern windows. Before following such "sensible" advice, it is better to think, experiment and use your own common sense.
For some reason, it is believed that most indoor plants do not like the sun and southern windows are the most unsuitable for indoor plants. On many sites, it is advised to shade almost every plant from direct sunlight. Well, except that it is still permissible to put cacti on the southern windows. Before following such "sensible" advice, it is better to think, experiment and use your own common sense.
First of all, no one will dispute the fact that the sun is a real elixir of life, necessary not only for the normal growth and development of plants, but also for the formation of flower buds.
Most of the usual indoor plants come from the tropics or subtropics, where the sun is much brighter than in Moscow. Even under the canopy of the rainforest, the intensity of sunlight is higher than at the latitude of Northern Europe.
But why dracaena, which grows safely under the bright southern sun in tropical regions of Africa, Madagascar, Socotra, the Arabian Peninsula in rainy St. Petersburg, is advised to shade from the sun?
Adenium can be found in the wild in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, and in the hot and dry regions of the African continent. This plant has a thick bottle-shaped trunk in which it stores moisture during dry periods. Cyperus grows along the banks of the Nile, bokarnea - in Mexico, different types of milkweed in the hot African climate survive well. Palm trees grow in deserts, but at home on the southern window they can face a terrible danger in the form of sunburn ?!
South windows are different, despite the fact that they are directed to the same direction of the world. The solar window can be in St. Petersburg or Baku. You will not argue that the intensity of sunlight will be different?
In autumn and winter, a sunny south window may be the only place in an apartment where, in a short day, your indoor flowers will feel normal.
The window can be on the first or second floor. A tree can grow in front of it, creating a slight partial shade with its green leaves in the summer, and letting in all the meager light of a short day in the cold. Or maybe there is a window on the 16th floor without a loggia and not have blinds. The first is almost ideal for all light-loving plants, and on the second, you need to think about what to place.
Why, on sunny windows on the south side, the plants often dry out or look wilted, despite good watering. Why do brown spots and dried patches appear on leaves and flowers?
Firstly, very often not the species that live in the wild are grown in room culture, but their hybrids. And hybrids are often specially bred with features such as the ability to grow in a dimly lit place, and they do not tolerate direct sunlight well.
INsecondly, when spraying and watering, drops of water, remaining on the leaves, act as lenses in the sun and can damage plants.
Thirdly, by placing an ordinary thermometer on a windowsill lit by the sun on a hot summer day, you will notice that the temperature has risen much higher than 30 degrees outside the window. May show around 45-50 degrees or more... The temperature of the flower pots is the same! Especially if they are made of dark glazed ceramics. How do the roots feel in small pots at this temperature? Maybe they just boiled, which is why the plant is sick?
Place flower containers in decorative light-colored pots or keep plants in porous ceramic pots - it quickly evaporates moisture, but when it evaporates, the pot and the ground cool! Water the flowers the way gardeners water their gardens - at sunset or early in the morning, and not running away to work at the beginning of a sunny summer day. Use fabrics or nets to decorate your pots and protect them from the sun.
What plants can be recommended for southern windows? First of all, all kinds of cacti and most succulents. Among the huge variety of milkweeds, you can easily choose a plant to your liking.
Almost all representatives of the amaryllis family - hippeastrum, amaryllis, clivia, nerina - are light-loving plants. They bloom in late winter or spring and autumn on the southern window. But many bulbous plants can bloom beautifully on northern windows in spring, if they stood on a balcony or in a garden in summer and autumn.
Most flowering plants only grow buds in good light. Pelargoniums, balsams, fuchsias on the south window bloom in early spring and bloom until late autumn. Anthuriums on the northern window may never bloom or bloom only in summer, and on the southern window they delight with flowers all winter. Hibiscus blooms only in good light. Loves the sun hoya, jasmine. Of the orchids on the south window, you can keep the Cattleya, she loves bright light.
From ornamental deciduous plants, all variegated species need good lighting. They can be rearranged on the southern window for autumn-winter-spring, and with the onset of heat, they can be moved to a more shaded place. Unpretentious chlorophytum, sansevieria will survive on any window.
What if in the summer it is still too hot on your south window for indoor flowers?
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Just move the plants to a side table about a meter from the window. A lightweight tulle curtain will solve all problems with an excess of direct sunlight. You can use blinds to control light in summer.
For large plants such as monstera, dieffenbachia, dracaena, various palms, ficuses, the place near the south window is the most attractive.
Light is one of the main factors that have a beneficial effect on the growth and development of any plant. This is especially true of indoor crops, which are very often grown under artificial lighting conditions.
The area located next to the window is best illuminated in the house. Flowers located at a distance of more than 3 m from it receive 9 times less light. But before deciding where to put the next pot with a plant, you should know how much light each specific specimen needs:
1. Flowering speciesneed much more lighting than those grown for decorative foliage
2. For variegated forms window sills are suitable, where the sun is the brightest
3. If you often rearrange plants from one place to another, while changing the amount of light they receive, this can lead to negative consequences.
4. In winter, the pots should be moved closer to the window. Heat-loving species it is better to supplement the illumination with special lamps, because it can be very cold for them near the glass.
The main problem of any windows, even south ones, is the lack of lighting. Most of the indoor plants come from the subtropics and tropics, where the intensity of sunlight is significantly higher than even on the southernmost, highest and cleanest windows of the middle lane.
Indoor flowers for northern windows
Lighting on the windowsill of a north-facing window is even, soft, without scorching, scorching sun rays. This location is great for keeping indoor crops in the summer. Plants such as saintpaulia, cyclamen, gesneria hybrid, weltheimia, clivia, ofiopogon, ruella formosa.
North windows are best suited for indoor flowers that are grown for decorative foliage. These representatives include: dracaena bordered and fragrant, zamiakulkas, arrowroot, monstera, various ferns, ivy, peperomia, sansevieria, scindapsus, ficus, philodendron and etc.
Lack of lighting, aggravating the "effect" of any blemishes in the care.
Installation of additional lighting lamps, organization of at least point sources of additional lighting, selection of the most undemanding plants.
On the northern windows, representatives of the aroid family (philodendrons, zamiokulkas), arrowroots, ferns (maidenhair, nephrolepis), aspidistra, eucharis, cordilina, dracaena can feel good, among the ficuses there are enough shade-tolerant species. And unpretentious chlorophytum survives perfectly even in city flower beds, and not just on windows.
Indoor flowers for southern windows
For southern windows, crops that tolerate heat and bright sunlight are suitable. But even they will have to be protected from scorching and scorching rays. To do this, you should use a screen made of gauze or white tissue paper. Do not require shading, even in the strongest sunshine, almost all types cactus and succulents... They can be placed directly on the windowsill.
But lovers of bright, but not direct light are best placed next to the window behind the tulle curtain. For example, you can put here abutilone, Azalea, Hibiscus, Hippeastrum, Zephyranthes, Calceolaria, Coleus Blume, Pelargonium, Poinsettia, Pontic Rhododendron, Fuchsia, Cyperus and etc.
Plants often dry out, look depressed, brown spots and dry patches on the leaves may appear.
Possible causes and solutions to problems
Overheating of the roots in the pot. As a rule, the problem is not direct sunlight per se, but the temperature to which the pot is heated under them. The solution can be ceramic reflective pots, which prevent the pot with roots from overheating. When choosing a planter, keep in mind that it is very desirable that the gap between the walls and the planter is about a centimeter: this will provide an air gap that additionally protects against overheating.
Improperly adjusted watering. It is necessary to water the plants on the south window either early in the morning, before sunrise, or in the evening, after sunset, avoiding water droplets on the leaves when watering. If necessary, spraying, it is also produced in the evening, after sunset.
Incorrectly selected plants. Most industrial hybrids are bred taking into account the fact that low lighting awaits them in apartments. Therefore, shade tolerance is one of the breeding goals. If you have these kinds of plants, it may be helpful to have film, blinds, or a light curtain on the glass that shades them from the midday sun.
Well, in addition, in the summer, plants can be placed not only on the window, but near it, which is especially suitable for large specimens.
Cacti and succulents will feel best on the south window. But the possible assortment is not limited to them. Such a window is categorically not suitable only for Saintpaulias, since at temperatures above 26 ° C they are susceptible to rapidly developing vascular diseases. For example, vascular bacteriosis, from which a violet can die in a day.
East and West Windows
If you are lucky with such windows, you just need to avoid gross mistakes in care: drafts, hypothermia or overheating of the earthen coma, as well as violations of the irrigation and feeding regime.
Considering the importance of window orientation, there are many more factors to take into account than are covered in this article. For example, geographic latitude: there is a big difference between the southern window somewhere in Tashkent or St. Petersburg. Or the floor: the south window on the first floor, thickly shaded with spreading maples, will be noticeably different from the same on the sixteenth without a loggia. The light-absorbing ability of glass, which increases as common dirt accumulates on it. And what if the double-glazed window is three-chambered and has not been washed outside for years, because this requires calling industrial climbers?
If you think about it, you can find plants for almost any window. The main recommendation that you can safely give, no matter what windows you have, is to experiment, guided by your own common sense.
Indoor flowers for oriental windows
The east-facing windows create almost ideal conditions for growing shade-loving plants. Affectionate morning sun is replaced by soft diffused light in the afternoon. You can grow here balsam, Isoloma, Ortgeza, uzambara violet, various varieties begonias, japanese fatsia and etc.
Indoor plants for western windows
The western windowsills are lighter and warmer than the eastern ones. Usually, the plants located on them do not require shading from the hot midday sun. The following indoor flowers will feel comfortable here: asparagus, abutilon, crystal anthurium, royal begonia, gasteria, dracaena, bellflower, apical cordilina, dieffenbachia, shefflera, yucca and etc.
Most indoor plants do not like the sun. A particular danger for them is, first of all, its direct midday rays, therefore, on the sunny windows facing south, the plants often look flabby, and the result of scorching sunbathing sometimes becomes brown spots and dried areas on the leaves and flowers.
Anyone who looks through books on families of indoor plants will quickly find an explanation for this: most of our green friends come from the lower tiers of tropical rainforests, where the scorching rays of the sun cannot break through the dense crowns of tall trees. And like their "wild" brethren, accustomed to growing in the twilight under the canopy of virgin forests, our houseplants also prefer shaded from direct sunlight, albeit in bright places.
However, a fan of indoor floriculture, who has a large south window at his disposal, should not immediately abandon it. There are a number of very spectacular inhabitants of sun-drenched steppes, deserts, semi-deserts, blackthorns and other similar natural conditions, which are just waiting for the moment to take their place on the south window. With the right choice of sun-loving plants, the southern window can be buried in bloom throughout the year. It should only be remembered that here, on the south side, it is necessary to pick up a watering can more often than on windows facing other directions of the world.
The water requirement of most sun-loving plants, of course, is quite high; the exception to this rule is some drought-resistant plants, such as most of the rich species of the cactus family, many other succulents and unpretentious sansevieria. For many of the plants named below, the sun is a real elixir of life, necessary not only for normal growth and development, but also for the formation of buds. On windows shaded from the sun, it is useless to expect lush bloom from them. In addition, many decorative leafy plants with beautifully colored leaves appear in all their splendor only in the sun. Some can do without the scorching rays of the sun, while developing normally.
Indoor plant lovers, who prefer climbing, climbing and ampelous plants, keep here magnificently blooming bougainvilleas, which, like real children of the south, simply need the sun. Equal to her in beauty and splendor of flowering is passion flower, spectacular, original flowers of which almost always become the main decoration of a window facing south. The third representative of vines, cold-bloodedly opposing the scorching rays of the sun, is the fleshy hoya or waxy ivy (Hoya Carnosa). Its large-flowered cousin Stephanotis floribunda has the same qualities. From erect plants, solar windows color their brightly colored flowers with hippeastrum and clivia, Kalanchoe, beloperone, campanula isophylla with drooping shoots, variegated abutilons and sparmannia. Somewhat more than just spectacular backstage, there is a whole range of decorative leafy plants: cyperus, hamerops and trachycarpus (Trachycarpus), coleus (Coleus), reeds and evergreen myrtle, which after a few years is dressed in a luxurious outfit of fragrant white flowers, and also - guzmania, fat woman bright red, echeveria, hybrid epiphyllum, Sprenger's asparagus, echmea, bilbergia, hemantus, hibiscus.
Indoor plants for southern windows
What kind of plants can you recommend plants for southern windows? First of all, various cacti and a large part of succulents. Among the large number of different milkweed, you can simply choose a plant according to your own taste. South windows Almost all representatives of the amaryllis family - hippeastrum, amaryllis, clivia, nerina - are light-loving plants. They bloom in late winter or spring and autumn on the southern window. But almost all bulbous plants can bloom well on northern windows in spring, if they stood on a balcony or in a garden in summer and autumn. Most flowering plants only grow buds in good light. Pelargoniums, balsams, fuchsias on the south window bloom in early spring and bloom until late autumn. Anthuriums on the northern window may never bloom or bloom only in summer, and on the southern window they delight with flowers all winter. Hibiscus blooms only in good lighting conditions. Loves the sun hoya, jasmine. Of the orchids on the south window, you can hold a cattleya, she loves bright light. From ornamental deciduous plants, all variegated species need good lighting. It is allowed to rearrange them on the southern window for autumn-winter-spring, and with the onset of heat, move them to the most shaded space. Unpretentious chlorophytum, sansevieria will survive on anyone.
Clivia. Unpretentious beauty in the house.
Clivia belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family. The homeland of clivia is the humid subtropical forests of South Africa.They are perennial herbaceous plants with long, rosette leaves.
Bright orange, yellow or red flowers of clivia are collected in inflorescences. On one inflorescence there can be 2-3 dozen bell-shaped flowers, which bloom gradually, last for a long time. There are several flower arrows on one plant.
Clivia blooms at home most often in February or early spring. Large, healthy plants can bloom twice a year.
The shiny, long, dark green leaves are beautiful too. The thickened bases of the leaves adhere tightly to each other, forming some kind of bulb, and are located on the rhizome. Unlike other amaryllis plants, clivia does not have true bulbs. Its roots are juicy and fleshy, they accumulate reserves of water and nutrients.
Clivia is distinguished by its unpretentiousness, it is undemanding to light and air humidity, it can grow and bloom well on eastern, western and even northern windows.
Indoor clivia is most often grown cinnabar (Clívia miniata) and noble or beautiful clivia (Clívia nobilis). The konovarny clivia is also called by another name - the cinnabar vallota (Vallota miniata).
Clivia cinnabar is widely used in medicine. The whole plant is used for medicinal purposes - rhizome, roots and leaves. The rhizomes are used by the Zulu people for fever and also as a pain reliever from snake bites.
Caution! Rhizomes of clivia cinnabar are extremely toxic due to the presence of a number of alkaloids in them, it is dangerous to get carried away with experiments with treatment!
Clivia needs minimal care, the main requirement is as follows - do not disturb the plant unnecessarily. Do not rearrange, transplant, cut, loosen, or polish.
Lighting. The clivia is shaded from direct sunlight. Best kept near west and east windows. In the north window, clivia grows more slowly and may not bloom. Can be kept outdoors in partial shade in summer.
Temperature. Normal room temperature is fine. The optimum temperature for the growing season is about 20-25 ° C, from October the temperature is reduced to 12-14 ° C for a dormant period. When the plant begins to produce a peduncle, the temperature is raised to 18-20 ° C.
Air humidity. Air humidity does not really matter.
Watering. Clivia needs moderate watering. Make sure no water remains in the pan between waterings. During dormancy, the clivia is not watered or watered very rarely. When buds appear on the peduncle, watering is increased and watered with warm water.
Fertilizer. Fertilizers are needed during flowering and growth. During the flowering period, feed every two weeks. Make sure that there is not a lot of nitrogen in the fertilizer - an excess of nitrogen prevents the second flowering, only the leaves grow well.
Rest period. The dormant period of clivia is needed for regular abundant flowering. Most often it begins in October-November and lasts two to three months. To begin a dormant period, in the fall, with a decrease in temperature, watering is gradually reduced.
Top dressing is also stopped. It is advisable to rearrange the plant in a cool room with a temperature of + 10-12 degrees, but even at normal room temperature, the dormant period passes normally. If you notice that the clivia has begun to shed its leaves, you can water it a little.
Bloom. Young clivias usually bloom once a year, while healthy mature plants bloom twice a year. The dormant period usually ends with the appearance of a flower arrow. When it grows up to 10-15 cm, the pot with clivia is transferred from the wintering room to a warmer place and watering begins. Until the arrow has grown, it is better not to touch the clivia, you can only water a little. It is said that due to the temperature difference, the development of the buds can stop. If the flower was resting in its permanent place, then simply increase the watering, and use lukewarm water for watering - this contributes to the distillation of the peduncle. Do not move the plant pot during bud setting and during flowering.
After flowering, continue to water and feed the clivia, away from direct sunlight. At the end of summer, it can bloom again. If the clivia itself does not want to bloom, you can move the pot with the plant to a darker and cooler room in the second half of summer, reduce watering and stop feeding. Thus, an artificial rest period is created. A peduncle may appear after a few weeks.
If there is no rest period, this does not mean that the clivia will not bloom. This plant is so unpretentious that it will adapt to any conditions and will delight you with flowering at least once a year. Moreover, it will bloom at different times.
To get seeds, you need to apply artificial pollination. The fruits of clivia are green at first, and then, after almost a year, orange-red. Fruiting greatly depletes the plant, it needs to be fed all the time. But if you want to collect seeds, then wait until ripening - the fruits should become soft.
The soil. Clivia is not picky about the soil. A mixture of sod and leafy soil and sand (2: 2: 1) or sod land, humus and peat (2: 1: 1) with the addition of sand is perfect. Drainage at the bottom of the pot is normal, water should not stagnate in the container.
Transfer. You need to transplant clivia only when it no longer fits in the pot. This should be done with special care, because the roots of clivia do not tolerate transplanting well. They are juicy, fleshy, and if damaged, they can easily rot, especially with excess moisture in the soil. It is better to simply transfer the plant into a new container, just a little larger than the old one.
Reproduction Clivias are propagated by seeds and side offspring (children). The easiest way is to propagate by children, which are separated from adult plants during transplantation. Children should have at least 4 leaves. They are planted in small pots, in a mixture of leafy earth and sand. Watering should be moderate. Young plants bloom in 2-3 years.
If you want to experiment, you can try to propagate the clivia by seed. The seeds are sown shortly after ripening in a mixture of turf and sand. Seedlings appear in 4-6 weeks. Seedlings are transplanted into pots after the appearance of the first leaf. Clivias grow slowly, young plants usually bloom after 3-4 years.
Diseases and pests Clivia can be affected by scale insects and mealybugs. Measures to combat these pests are usual: they are wiped with a soapy sponge and sprayed with actellik solution.
What to do, if:
Is the peduncle too short? The room is too dry or cold.
White or reddish spots on the leaves? Possibly sunburn, move to shaded area.
Too pale leaves? Most likely lack of nutrition, try feeding the plant.
Clivia is not blooming? The place is too dark or too hot in the apartment. Try to have a good rest period in a cool room.
Has the peduncle stopped growing? Perhaps the rest period is too long, pour the clivia with warm water (up to 40 degrees!).
Western Windows: Are They Perfect?
Which window is best for flowers - choose west or east? There is an opinion that they are equally good. How true is this statement? The undoubted advantage of windows based on the western direction is obvious for flower growers: the plants receive a sufficient amount of sunlight all day and day. Shading them, as a rule, is not necessary, since the light is already falling at an angle. At first glance, everything is fine.
Western windowsills are good because the plants receive their portion of light in the afternoon, when the sun, having crossed the zenith, gives the hottest rays in summer, and gives moderate lighting in the rest of the months. By the time the sun appears, the plants already receive some heat from the heated room. Therefore, as a rule, there is no sharp temperature drop.
But in the case of southwest windows, the heat can be harsh and destructive. Therefore, it is recommended to closely monitor the plants in the summer, they may need a little shading and an increase in watering frequency. In the evening, although the western windows receive light longer than others, the temperature drops sharply after sunset. In the cold season, this can negatively affect the capricious and delicate plants.
However, there are plants that suit this microclimate. For example, gourmet monstera, violets, evergreen spathiphyllum, orchids and some types of ficuses, with proper care, will show themselves in all their glory.
Plants for the north, north-east, north-west side
There is an opinion that it is difficult to find a beautiful flowering plant for windows in the northern direction. I hasten to assure you, this is a deep delusion. The north window is always diffused light; in winter, there is some lack of daylight. Therefore, it is recommended to put flowering plants directly on the windowsill, and decorative plants that tolerate light shading well - near the window. Frequent residents of windows of northern directions become Saintpaulia (aka violet), hybrid begonia Lauren or Elatior, passionflower... Representatives of palm trees can quietly sit near the window: hovea, monstera... As well as ficus, cineraria, fern, nightshade and many others.
You can learn more about the best plants of the north, northeast, northwest side in the article "12 most popular plants for kitchen windows with a north, northeast and northwest direction."
How to choose a plant for the kitchen
Before heading to the store, it is worth finding out the criteria that determine the choice. What awaits plants in the kitchen, what should they have natural immunity to? Sudden temperature changes, high humidity, frequent ventilation, fatty vapors and hot steam are the usual working atmosphere in the kitchen.
Agree, not every type of terrestrial flora is able to withstand such an extreme. This means that you need unpretentious, persistent species. In addition, it is important to take into account the decorative side of the issue, and find the right place to place the plants.
Where and what to put
Obviously, the most suitable place for flowers in the kitchen is the windowsill. For the correct development of the plant, the side on which the window faces should be taken into account. Many tropical exotic species love bright light, but there are also species that tolerate frequent shading without harm to their health. Based on this characteristic, you should combine the flower and the window.
For the western, eastern and south-western windows, such fastidious about the world as mentolia, encyclia, phalaenopsis are suitable. Another option is succulents, accustomed to minimal amenities. Agave, croton, azalea, cacti, cyclamen and passionflower will also accept this placement well.
Place plants on the north and north-east windows that can tolerate shade. These include bamboo, dracaena, dieffenbachia, sansevieria, some types of monstera.
In a small kitchen, where high humidity cannot be avoided, calathea, arrowroot, and balsam grow and develop well. These plants love moist air, because they grow in nature under the same conditions.
If the window sill is narrow, and you are afraid that the flower pot may fall from careless movement or simply will not fit in size, give preference to ampelous types. Tradescantia, scindapsus, ivy are planted in hanging pots and hung on the walls. They do not require a lot of light, and they can easily tolerate high temperatures.
If you want to support the theme of an exotic garden at home, choose fruitful kitchen plants such as dwarf citrus varieties, coffee tree, ornamental pepper. They bloom beautifully, their fruits are brightly colored, they have lush crowns, which, of course, gives the interior new, vibrant colors.
In a spacious room, use outdoor plant species to zone the area. Highly growing ficus, hibiscus, yucca will help to decorate the dining area beautifully and will perfectly fit into any style.
Among all plants, chlorophytum is rightfully considered the most common inhabitant of kitchen windowsills. Many housewives know that this humble flower perfectly captures odors and works as a natural filter, effectively purifying the air of the kitchen. It can be placed on a windowsill or placed in a hanging planter.
Where not to put
If you don't want your kitchen plants to die a week after purchase, there are two important "no's" to remember.
- Do not put a flower pot next to the sink. The cleaning agents you use to wash your dishes contain chemicals that are harmful to plants. When splashed on the leaves of a flower, they will cause burns and lead to their death.
- Plants must not be kept near the stove either. From boiling soup and sizzling fish in a frying pan, drops of fat can get onto the flower, clog the pores of the leaves and disrupt the vital process of photosynthesis.
Observing simple rules and knowing the requirements of the plant itself, you can easily pick up a flower for your kitchen.
Also called "flamingo flower" or "male happiness". This is a beautiful plant with a flower of an unusual, memorable shape. Most often there are flowers of red shades - from yellow or orange to dark red. But there are also very original colors, for example, white, blue or almost black, as well as with a spotted pattern. A light-colored ear grows at the base of the flower. They have a wide range of odors, from very pleasant to repulsive. And at the same time he himself very well cleans the room from many chemical odors, for example, plastic or synthetics.
Anthurium has many species, differing not only in color, but also in the shape of the flower and the cob, which will allow an interested woman to collect a very beautiful unique home collection of these flowers.
When anthurium blooms
Perennial. Flowering occurs in the spring. May bloom for several months. And in some cases, with careful care - and almost all year round.
Where to keep anthurium
Anthurium loves long-term, bright, but diffused lighting. At the same time, it does not tolerate direct hot sunlight. It is best to put it on the east and west windows. Or on the south side in the constant shade of other plants.
Anthuriums are relatively difficult to care for, but the effort pays off for the excellent look of the flower. They are demanding for proper light, warmth and air humidity. They need regular watering with soft water, abundant in summer, moderate in winter. The soil should be constantly moist, but the plant does not tolerate stagnant water.
We hope that this guide to indoor potted flowers will help you choose the most suitable flower as a gift for your woman on March 8 or any other holiday. Be attentive, show your imagination, and your beloved will be very pleased with the gift.