Miscellanea

October - work in the garden and in the garden

October - work in the garden and in the garden


What to do in the garden and in the garden in October

And plant and clean ...

In the garden in the first decade of October, you need to finish harvesting root crops. Small roots of celery and parsley are best left for the winter.

It is necessary to remove late-ripening white cabbage, as well as Brussels sprouts. It is better to dig in Brussels sprouts in the basement to lengthen the consumption period. You can prepare horseradish roots at the stage of leaf dying off. Large rhizomes and their offshoots are usually used for processing, while small roots should be left for planting next year. The best planting material for horseradish is considered to be lateral roots 20-25 cm long, 1-1.5 cm thick. The roots must be tied in bundles or dug in trenches, sandwiching them with dry sand.

If desired, at this time, you can lay another bed of mint. To plant it, it is necessary to make grooves with a depth of 8-10 cm.In them, segments of rhizomes with a length of 20-22 cm should be laid in a continuous tape in them with a continuous tape. height 10 cm.

In the orchard at this time of October, they finish picking apples of late winter varieties, while also removing all damaged and rotten fruits. Fallen leaves are treated with a 10% urea solution. This will allow you not to collect them for incineration, but to bury them in the soil or put them in compost. Remove trapping belts, collect and destroy pests that may be under the flaky bark. You can prepare shoots from own-rooted cherry and plum plants. To do this, it is necessary to remove a layer of soil near the overgrowth, exposing the skeletal root of the mother plant at a distance of 15-20 cm on both sides of the overgrowth. If there are no fibrous roots on the skeletal root, it is necessary to stimulate their formation by chopping off the skeletal root at a distance of 15-20 cm from the point of attachment of the growth to it from the side farther from the stem of the mother tree.

In the second decade of the month, it is time to harvest the leeks. Sort it according to the diameter of the false leg, tie it into bundles and dig it into the wet sand in the basement. You can transplant celery and parsley root vegetables into window pots or winter greenhouses. If the temperature in the basement is higher than 5 ° C, it must be ventilated. It's time to bury all healthy plant residues after harvesting late-maturing crops. If there are signs of illness among them, then collect them and burn them.

It is possible to draw up a future crop rotation if you have not done so before. Add compost or manure to the beds where you plan to grow pumpkin, cabbage and other crops that require high doses of organic matter, if you did not grow mustard or other green manure crops there for green fertilizer. Complete the planting of organic fertilizers and green manure tops in areas where seedlings and early green vegetables will be grown.

In warm weather, after harvesting late crops, it is advisable to loosen the soil with a cultivator or flat cutter, and then spill it with a fertilizer solution Baikal EM-1 at the rate of 0.5 cups per 10 liters of water to heal the soil, accumulate available forms of nutrients in it and warm up faster in spring ... Dig up perennial rhubarb rhizomes for distillation. Place the plants close to each other in a crate, sprinkle with soil on top and water.

After the air temperature drops to 2-3 ° C, proceed to winter crops (if needed) of carrots, beets, parsley, lettuce, spinach. Cover the seeds with sand or a previously prepared unfrozen soil mixture, which is smaller than during spring sowing by 0.5-1 cm, but the seeding rate should be increased by 20-25%. Mulch podzimny crops with peat or compost in a layer of 2-4 cm.

The frames from the greenhouses must be stacked next to the greenhouse. Remove the film from the film greenhouses, if it is well preserved, wipe it, put it in a warm room for winter storage. Prepare potting mix, boxes, pots for winter forcing vegetables and growing seedlings.

Remove spinach until frost. It is recommended to store it in plastic bags at a temperature of -1 ... -3 ° C.

In the garden in the second decade of October, sprinkle the beds with rooted cuttings with peat or dry leaves in a layer of 5-6 cm. Remove overgrowth of cherries and plums. To do this, it is better to dig up the offspring to the place of their growth from the root and remove without leaving the hemp. Cover the root with soil again.

At the end of the month, if you have purchased seedlings, but are going to plant in the spring, they must be dug in. To do this, dig a trench 40 cm deep. Make the southern side inclined, put the seedlings in one row on it at an angle of 45 °. Bury the roots to the level of the root collar, stamp with your foot and water to fill all the voids between them. Cover the dug-in plants with spruce branches to protect them from mice and retain snow. Replace the labels on the seedlings with stronger ones or wrap them in plastic to preserve the variety names. Lift the branches of the young trees and tie the ends to the center conductor.

Coat the stems and forks of the skeletal branches with freshly slaked lime or chalk with the addition of copper sulphate, previously dissolved in hot water to prevent sunburn. Cover the trunks with humus, peat, foliage.

Tie the stems of young trees with spruce branches or roofing felt to protect against mice to a height of at least 80 cm. To protect only from frost, it is enough to cover with a spunbond with a density of 60 g / m². Bend the raspberry branches to the ground. Cover the strawberries with humus or peat without covering the hearts, or cover them with spruce branches (on the eve of freezing in the absence of snow).

If you haven't done so before, feed the honeysuckle. Once every 3-4 years, add 8-10 kg of organic matter under it, as well as 30-40 g of double superphosphate and 60-70 g of wood ash. The annual application of the last two fertilizers can be replaced by the application of 20-50 g of granular AVA fertilizer once every 2-3 years, followed by embedding it in the ground with a small rake.

Alexander Zharavin, agronomist
Photo by E. Valentinov


The most important gardening work in October

Though it got colder, and outside the window it rains and winds, but the autumn garden is still good - colorful asters and chrysanthemums, scarlet "black fruit", fiery marigolds and delicate octobrines replace the sun in the backyard. And the weather clears up a little, throwing on a jacket, the gardener is armed with a pruner, then a shovel - there are still a lot of things to do in October.

Before the snow, it is necessary to prepare the site for wintering.

Planting trees and shrubs

The best time to plant deciduous trees and shrubs with open roots is from late September to 15 October. Planting is best done in pits prepared in advance and filled with fertile soil and fertilizers (preferably in 2-3 weeks), since by the time of planting the soil has time to settle, and the fertilizers mix and dissolve.

Good survival of seedlings will be ensured by the use of root or heteroauxin when planting. To protect new plantings from freezing (in case of unexpected severe frosts), it is advisable to mulch the trunk circles after abundant watering with peat crumb or bark.

Planting tulips

If the second half of September is the time of planting small-bulbous, then October is tulips. According to a pre-developed planting plan, they begin to lay out the bulbs in flower beds, and then to plant them. It is better to plant with a scoop or a special planter to a depth of about 10 cm.

Pruning plants

There are a number of plants that do not tolerate spring pruning well (eg maple, birch, actinidia). It is better to cut them off at the beginning of October, since by this time the plants have finished sap flow, they are preparing for winter, and before the onset of stable frosts there will still be time for wound healing. After falling leaves, you can cut currants, gooseberries, raspberries. At this time, they begin to rejuvenate the raspberry bushes, removing the fruiting stems.

Autumn digging of tree trunk circles

The best time to complete this work is the beginning of yellowing of the leaves, that is, before the active growth of roots in the fall. The depth of digging under the trees is 8-10-20 cm (to the level of occurrence of the suction roots, which is determined by the control excavation according to the crown projection), and under the bushes - 5-8 cm. Digging the soil reduces the number of pests that winter in the soil. Once on the surface, they die from frost.

Top dressing

As a rule, the digging of near-trunk circles is combined with the application of fertilizers. Most often this is done in September and early October. Fertilization rates depend on the type of soil, culture, age and condition of the plantings. Organic fertilizers are applied at the rate of 4-8 kg of humus or compost per 1 sq. square meter. Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are also applied: 30-40 g of superphosphate and 15-20 g of potassium nitrate or potassium salt.
On acidic soils, lime 150-300 g per sq. meter or wood ash - 300-500 g per sq. meter.

Winter watering

In the fall, the root system begins to grow intensively in trees and shrubs, and good watering is required for normal root growth. It is usually held in the second decade of October, taking into account, undoubtedly, weather conditions, as well as the proximity of groundwater.
However, when choosing the timing of watering, you need to consider the following. If October is warm, then it is necessary to shift these dates to a later one, since a large amount of moisture, combined with good, warm weather, can have the opposite effect - the buds will begin to bloom, the secondary growth of young shoots will begin and the winter hardiness of the plant will sharply decrease.

Watering is especially important if there was a dry summer and early fall. Abundant watering is carried out to a depth of 50-60 cm, when the average daily temperature drops + 5 - + 2 C. It is called podzimnim. Podwinter watering is of great importance, since a large amount of moisture in the soil does not allow it to freeze quickly, thereby improving the wintering conditions of plants, minimizing deformation of the root system and providing a sufficient amount of moisture in spring.

Autumn spraying of plants

- if there were fungal diseases on the trees and bushes, as well as for their prevention, then it is good to sprinkle them with a 6-8% solution of ferrous sulfate
- spraying branches, trunks and soil under trees and bushes with a 1% solution of copper sulfate will also help against fungal diseases
- if there was scab on the fruit trees, then they are sprayed after harvesting the fruits, but before leaf fall with a 4% urea solution.

Collection of fallen leaves

Fallen leaves must be removed from the lawn and from the orchard. Leaves should not be left on the lawn, as the grass under the foliage begins to deteriorate with the onset of autumn rains. If the foliage is healthy, then it can be composted, and if there are signs of fungal diseases, then it is better to burn such leaves. In the orchard, they must destroy the carrion, since it is a source of infections on the site.

Lawn care

As a rule, the last mowing of the lawn is carried out on October 15-20, depending on the weather, the mowing height should be 1-3 centimeters higher than usual. You should not let the grass unmown in the winter, because during the winter the dead parts of the plants will cause the appearance of rot, mold and other fungal diseases.

However, it is not recommended to mow the grass just before frost so as not to weaken it. After mowing, it is necessary to comb the lawn, thus removing the dead felt, which interferes with the vegetation of plants in winter.

Garden decor ideas in October

  1. A bright pumpkin will be especially noticeable on a garden bench under an empty tree.
  2. Large stones and boulders are mysterious in early spring and late autumn. The trimmed grass around will only emphasize their monumentality.
  3. In a garden gazebo: throw a handful of bright beads or pebbles on a flat plate, put a couple of apples nearby - a simple still life will cheer you up on a cloudy day.


GARDEN IN OCTOBER

Now you can plan a place for planting onion sets, for beds intended for sowing before winter.

Until the soil is frozen and covered with snow, collect it in buckets and bring it into a shed or house - it will be useful for seedlings or transplanting flowers into a home.

Then you can sow green manures, of course, not spring crops, but winter crops, such as rye or winter wheat. The main thing here is to act wisely with moisture, water the grooves and sow seeds right before sowing, then close them up and no longer water. There is enough water for the germination of cereals, they will feel a lack of moisture, and their roots will rush into the depths of the soil, simultaneously loosening it, at the same time and pulling higher nutrients from the depths of the soil horizon.

Those who are already growing green manure can safely embed them in the soil, in the spring it will be possible to plant early vegetables or potatoes in this place. If you are going to plant heat-loving nightshade crops (such as tomato), then you can dig up green manures in the spring, only earlier.

In the garden in autumn, fertilizers can also be applied, for example, well-rotted manure (2-3 kg per square meter), compost (3-4 kg per square meter), although it is quite possible to do with semi-rotted fertilizers, during the winter they will reach condition.

Next, we choose a place for crops before winter, the most open and well-lit, without stagnation of melt or rain water. For these areas you need to add

a bucket of compost or humus and a tablespoon of potassium sulfate (for digging on a full bayonet of a shovel).

When everything is ready, we level the beds and sow, as soon as the temperature drops to zero, carrots, parsley and dill, and in the second decade of October - winter garlic.

After 5-6 days after that, you can plant onion sets, it simply must take root before severe frosts. If it gets colder, then the beds with these crops must be immediately covered with humus or compost with a layer of a centimeter. But remember: mulch on the beds with onions and garlic can be laid only if there is a serious cold snap.

About digging.

Many people think that it is better to dig up the soil in the spring, others - in the fall, I always dig it in the fall and on a full bayonet with a shovel, without breaking clods, this kills all harmful microorganisms that have settled down for the winter. Of course, in the spring you have to tinker, breaking clods, but the spring is still far away, and there are some tricks there.

For those who have light soils on the site, for example sandstones and sandy loams, I would advise not to touch them in autumn. If such soil is dug up, then it can be eroded, and fertilizers applied to such soil will simply go into layers inaccessible to plants.

If there is a greenhouse on the site that you cannot transfer from place to place, then you can replace the top layer by removing 5-6 cm of old soil and replacing it with a mixture of humus, garden soil, 3 g of superphosphate and 5 g of potassium sulfate per bucket.

So, we have done almost everything important, slightly forgotten only about harvesting the remnants of the crop. Cabbage, carrots, beets, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, potatoes planted in the second half of summer - all this must be removed before frost. The only thing that can be left for the very last days of the month is the daikon, it is still growing with might and main. You can cover it with at least a non-woven material, placing it on the arcs. The same is with parsnips, it can even be left on the beds even longer: after frost, they say, it becomes even tastier. Root parsley should also be the last on the digging list, the main thing is not to cut off its leaves, as many foolishly do.

Brussels sprouts and kohlrabi. If you do not need to dig it out today, then both of them will survive a weak frost without problems.Usually, broccoli gardeners are harvested as follows: at first, the smallest heads that grow on the side shoots are gradually removed, and after frost they completely remove all the plants.

You don't have to rush to dig up leeks; in October, you can still poke up their stalks so that they are whiter and juicier. The same can be done with petiolate celery - after such an attitude to it, it will be a pleasure to eat it and it will add male strength noticeably.

As soon as the frosts begin to get stronger and there will be a stable minus in the daytime, approaching five degrees, we remove everything that needs to be removed. Immediately after harvesting, we remove all tops from the site, and if it is not contaminated with anything, then it should be put into compost.


Gardening in February

Work in the garden

It's time to cook vegetable seeds. First, it is necessary to determine their germination - a wet sheet of paper is folded like an accordion, at least ten seeds are poured into each "groove" and placed in a warm place until the seeds begin to germinate.

Vegetable yields on site can be significantly higher if seeds are properly prepared: calibrated, pickled, hardened at varying temperatures and covered with nutritive casings.

This month, you need to determine what crops you will plant in the garden, stock up on enough seeds and sort them, leaving in the end full-fledged seeds for sowing, without any damage. It is best to sort the seeds in room temperature water, submerging them in it for 5 minutes or so. Those seeds that have surfaced are drained in a place with water, the rest are filtered and dried in the fresh air. With the onset of the end of February, cucumber seeds can be poured into a gauze bag and hung in a sufficiently warm and dry place. In early May, the seeds heated in this way can be sown under a film.

It is not recommended to sow cucumbers with one-year seeds, as in this case they can produce a lot of barren flowers.

According to the calendar, February is the last month of winter, but for an amateur vegetable grower, in fact, spring is already beginning. This month, early potato tubers are laid for light germination. Seeds of early and cauliflower, celery, and early tomato are sown. They finish checking and cleaning the seeds, get the missing ones, "sow" the seeds on paper ribbons.

This month, gardening equipment is being prepared for the calendar spring, the missing is purchased, seed boxes are made and, if required, greenhouse frames are repaired. The store buys mineral fertilizers and pesticides to protect vegetable crops from pests and diseases. They sort out, checking their condition, vegetables stored in the basement or cellar.

Garden work

This month, daylight hours sharply come, the sun shines brighter and warms more noticeably - the garden begins to prepare for the coming spring. On personal plots, snow continues to accumulate, which in the spring will serve as a source of special moisture. In order to protect against sunburn, somewhere in the middle - the end of February (if this has not been done in advance since autumn), the trunks and skeletal branches of trees are whitewashed with a lime solution.

On especially warm and sunny days, all fruit trees, and especially apple trees, are carefully examined. Tear off all the leaves and dried fruits that have survived on them, since fruit rot can winter in them. The buds at the ends of the branches are examined no less carefully - the pests, most likely, have laid testicles around them. If the black ones are shiny, these are the testicles of aphids, the brown ones are the squirrels, and if the red ones are the mites. In advance, it is necessary to think over a system for combating these pests in the spring and summer periods. The nests of wintering caterpillars are especially carefully removed from the trees. As a rule, the hawthorn nests in the bunches of dry leaves, in the rolled "tubes" - the golden-tailed leafworm attaches its nest with a cobweb to the forks of the branches. One way or another, but absolutely all existing nests must be destroyed.

It is very important to continue to cover the plants and trample the freshly fallen snow under the crowns. We need to take care of the birds too. It is no secret that in the harsh snowy winter, they suffer from lack of food. But hanging feeders and systematically filling them with food is a very useful measure in the fight against plant pests. If there have been sharp fluctuations in day and night temperatures, the bark may burst on fruit trees, resulting in frost holes (they are easy to find). You just need to gently knock on the trunk with a wooden hammer, and in those places where the bark leaves, the sound will be dull. All loose bark can be nailed with nails with wide caps - in the spring it will grow, and the wounds on the tree will heal.

Works in an ornamental garden, flower garden

It is imperative to check whether the flower beds, curbs, ridges with perennials, areas of flower crops with winter sowing are well covered with snow. At the same time, snow is raked and poured into those places where it is not enough. Further, they continue to compact the snow around ornamental trees, perennials, shrubs. They check the health of gladiolus bulbs, dahlia tubers, begonias, calla rhizomes stored in basements and cellars.


Listening lesson in the garden

GARDEN LESSON

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I really enjoy walking in the gardens. Each garden is different. Even the two gardens next to each other are different. I loved the garden our family had when I was little. I also loved having my own garden when I bought the house. The best gardens in the world are located in England. English country gardens are famous all over the world. Gardeners are like artists. It's amazing how they make everything so beautiful and bright. I can sit or walk in an English garden all day. I also love Japanese gardens. They also have special feelings for them. Everything is so perfect and you feel really peaceful. I would like to visit different gardens all my life.

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FILL IN THE LISTENING GAP

I really like ____________________ gardens. Each garden is different. Even the two gardens that ____________________ are different are different. I loved the ____________________ garden when I was little. I also loved the ____________________ garden when I bought my house. The best gardens of ____________________ England. English country gardens are known to the ____________________ world. Gardeners are like artists. It's amazing how they make everything ____________________ so bright. I can ____________________ in an English garden all day. I also like Japanese gardens. They also have ____________________ about them. Everything is so perfect and you feel really peaceful. I would like to ____________________ visit different gardens.

CORRECT WRITING

I really like nkwailg around the gardens. Every garden - idrftefen ... Even the two gardens next to each other are different. I loved the garden our family had when I was little. I also loved rtsgnait my own garden when i tbguho my home. The best gardens in the world are in England. English country gardens make up afusmo around the world. Gardeners like sirtza ... It's amazing how they make everything so bright and colorful. I can sit in the English garden or walk in it all day. I also love Japanese gardens. They also have a feeling csplaei about them. Everything is so perfect that you really feel acefplue ... I want to live my life , Giving different gardens.

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how really i walk in the garden ... Each garden is different. Even that the gardens are two one after the other, different. I loved the garden our family had when I was little. I loved my garden and started my own when I bought my house. The best gardens in the world are located in England. English gardens, famous throughout the country, world famous. Gardeners are like artists. It's amazing how so perfect everything that they and so colorful I can sit in or walk in English through the garden all day. I also love Japanese gardens. also special. They are about them. Everything is so perfect and you feel really peaceful. to my visit, how to live life, I had different gardens.

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Garden and garden work in October

Calendar of works in the garden and in the garden in October. Work at the dacha in October. What needs to be done in the garden and in the garden in October. Everything you need to do in the country in October.

The list of works in the garden and in the garden for October

1. Usually it is recommended to do autumn digging of near-trunk circles under trees and bushes to destroy pests hibernating in the soil. I do not do this, because I am convinced that any unnecessary digging of the soil destroys the soil. On the contrary, I fill up the tree trunks with weeds and non-melted compost, especially along the perimeter of the crown, where the zone of sucking roots is located. Pests find themselves deeply buried under this layer. I also do not remove all the fallen leaves, but pile them into the trunk circles.

I destroy pathogens and pests by late (at the end of October) spraying trees, bushes and soil under them with a solution of any high concentration mineral fertilizer. The easiest way to do this is to use urea (carbomide), taking 500-700 g of fertilizer per 10 liters of water. If the leaves have not yet fallen, spray directly on them, especially carefully spray the ends of the branches - aphids lay eggs on them. Walk well on all branches, trunk and soil in the near-trunk circles. In early spring (late March), this procedure should be repeated.

2. If it is dry autumn, the garden must be well watered with water. If plants leave dehydrated in winter, they can dry out from frost, especially annual young growths.

3. At the end of the month, you can add rotted manure and compost, not only under bushes and trees, but also under peonies and other perennial flowers, but also along the perimeter of the crown, and not in the center.

4. Under cherries and plums, add a third of the ash bucket. Even half a bucket won't hurt. It is even better to use dolomite or chalk instead of ash, but its rate should be reduced by 3 times.

5. At the end of the month, perennial asters and chrysanthemums should be cut. It's time to put up shelters over roses and clematis. It's time to add peonies, oriental hybrids (lilies), chrysanthemums, irises.

6. In the last days of the month, you can hold an event to clean the trunks and branches from lichens. To do this, they must be sprayed with a 7-10% solution of ferrous sulfate (about three tablespoons without top for one liter of water). Literally in 3-4 days the lichens will fall off by themselves. In no case should such spraying be done during the growing season.

Folk weather signs for October

❧ If migratory birds leave at the beginning of the month, then winter will come quickly and it will be cold. If the birds are in no hurry to fly away, then the autumn will be long and warm, and the winter will be mild. After the flight of the cranes, night frosts will hit in three weeks.

❧ If the leaf fall has passed quickly, it will soon get colder and the winter will be harsh, and if the leaves remain green and stay on the trees for a long time, then the winter will be warm, with slight short frosts.

❧ If at the end of October the horns of the month are oriented to the north, then it will be dry and snow will quickly fall, and if they are directed to the south, it will be slush until November.

Weather for tomorrow

❧ Clouds float from north to south towards sunny weather, and from south to north towards bad weather.

❧ If the moon seems cloudy and pale, then it will rain and snow, frost is possible.

❧ If jackdaws gather and shout, the weather will be clear.


Work in the garden

Harvest

Gardeners and gardeners are trying to complete all seasonal work by mid-October. This is not always due to lack of time in September. Many late-ripening varieties bear fruit in warm regions until the end of October. In the middle of autumn, both fruit and vegetable crops continue to yield. After collecting the latter, the site is dug up, thereby completing the field work.

Vegetables

At the beginning of the month, cauliflower is harvested, and a little later, the same is done with white cabbage. Cleaning is carried out in dry weather, giving the heads of cabbage a little shake. After the harvest is laid for storage. If, on the harvested specimens, foci of development of gray rot are noted, the heads of cabbage in the storage are covered with a mixture of sand, slaked lime and chalk.

Immediately after cutting the white cabbage, you can start harvesting the late Brussels sprouts. In order for it to retain its presentation longer, the following rules are followed:

  1. Dig up specimens with roots.
  2. Heads of cabbage are poured into the wet sand in a large deep box in the basement, or they are hung up by the roots on the crossbar.
  3. The temperature regime in the cellar is maintained at 1-2 ° C.

After cutting the heads of cabbage, the roots of the cabbage are completely removed, since they are the breeding source of the cabbage fly, as well as food for murine rodents.

In mid-October, such root crops as radish, parsnips, celery are dug. To get fresh greens from the garden early, small parsley roots are recommended to be left for the winter. Towards the end of the month, Jerusalem artichoke tubers are harvested. In order to also get a crop harvest next year, part of the rhizomes is left in the garden. If Jerusalem artichoke has been growing in one place for 5 years, it must be transplanted. This is the right time.

After the arrival of the first frosts, they dig out horseradish. At this time, the largest number of nutrients is concentrated in the roots of the culture. When preparing dishes from it, it will be fragrant, sweetish and not so "vigorous". The roots are chosen without a trace, otherwise horseradish will grow throughout the entire territory of the garden. The crop is dried and placed in the refrigerator in a plastic bag.

Fruits and berries

In October, the fruits of pears and apples of late varieties and hybrids are removed. For longer storage, the fruit is harvested dry after the dew has subsided. All specimens planned for laying in the basement must be with stalks. The fruits are carefully examined for mechanical damage. A healthy crop is laid out on boxes lined with paper, sprinkled with files. If the latter are not there, you can wrap each copy in napkins. This “barrier” will prevent the rest of the crop from contaminating the crop if one fruit starts to rot.

To reduce the risk of spoilage of healthy fruits, which increases with temperature differences, when apples and pears removed from the tree are immediately sent to storage, the boxes with the harvest are first put in the barn. And only then (when the temperatures in the basement and outside are equal), with the onset of cold weather, the containers are transferred to the cellar, where the fruits will be further stored at low positive values.

At the same time, the collection of black chops, remontant varieties of raspberries, is being completed. Quince is the last of the fruit crops to be harvested. She has a long ripening period - mass fruiting occurs in the second half of October. Because of this, a crop with tart, highly aromatic fruits is more suitable for cultivation in warm regions.

Digging land in autumn

For many gardeners, digging the earth should be a mandatory autumn event. For many, but not for all: in areas with a slope or flood flooding, this will only harm. At a minimum, the water will wash out and carry away nutrients, as a maximum, the most fertile soil layer will "float away". If the flush does not threaten, then it is good to add organic fertilizers and hardly soluble superphosphate for digging.

I must say that on narrow fenced ridges this work is both easier and more efficient. Usually, during late autumn tillage, clods are not broken, even large ones. The exception is the beds for winter sowing.

Fertilization

Simultaneously with digging the soil, you can also improve the structure of the soil and add the necessary chemicals. The main advantage of autumn fertilization is that during the winter all the chemicals will have time to be evenly distributed in the soil and therefore will bring much more benefit to the plants.

Preparing the greenhouse for winter

Often it is this building that becomes a breeding ground for a variety of diseases, therefore it is very important to carry out its "conservation for the winter" correctly. Rinse and disinfect the frame and walls, replace or disinfect the soil, rinse and dry the irrigation system, do not forget to add fertilizers (30-40 g of superphosphate and 20-25 g of potassium salt or potassium sulfate per 1 square meter of soil.).

Harvesting land for seedlings

The future harvest largely depends on the quality of the soil in which the crop is grown. If you usually prepare the soil for future seedlings on your own, October is the time to replenish the stock of garden land for the next season. And although there is no universal soil that would be suitable for all garden crops, there are certain rules for its preparation. You can learn about the requirements for soil mixtures for seedlings from our next material.

Seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers and cabbage will be strong and healthy when grown in the right substrate.

Winter sowing

In the process of digging a garden, be sure to remember to prepare the beds in advance for winter sowing of crops. In October, winter onions and garlic are planted, and parsley, dill, beets, carrots, sorrel and parsnips are sown. Sowing in winter makes the seeds more resistant to unfavorable weather conditions and allows you to achieve friendly shoots.