Chionodoxa: planting and care in the open field, growing in the garden, photo
Chionodoxa (lat.Chionodoxa) - undersized perennials of the genus Scylla of the Liliaceae family, of which 6 species are known. Chionodox grows in Asia Minor and on the island of Crete.
The name of the genus is formed from two Greek words: "snow" and "pride, glory", and among the people Chionodox is called "snow beauty" or "snowman": this delicate plant with wonderful flowers appears along with groves and snowdrops when it is still lying on the ground. snow.
Planting and caring for Chionodox
- Bloom: for 2-3 weeks in April, together with snowdrops and groves.
- Landing: in September-October.
- Lighting: bright sun or partial shade.
- The soil: loose. Moderately moist, well fertilized, neutral or alkaline.
- Watering: only in a drought, that is, if the winter was without snow, and the spring was without rain. Watering is carried out early in the morning.
- Top dressing: Nitroammophos. Granular fertilizers are scattered over the site and embedded in the soil by shallow loosening.
- Reproduction: dividing the bulbous nest.
- Pests: root meadow mites and rodents.
- Diseases: gray rot, sclerotinosis, fusarium, septoria and achelenchoides.
Read more about growing chionodoxa below.
Chionodox flowers are bulbous plants with two basal leaves appearing simultaneously with the peduncles - dark green, broadly lanceolate, grooved, 8-12 cm long. Peduncles bear loose racemose inflorescences of bell-shaped six-petalled flowers of white, blue, blue or pink color. The fruit of the plant is a juicy capsule in which the black seeds of Chionodoxa ripen. Egg-shaped bulbs up to 3 cm long and up to 1.7 cm in diameter are covered with light scales and are designed for two annual cycles.
Planting chionodox in the open field
When to plant
It is best to plant chionodox bulbs in early autumn, when root ridges form on their bottoms. The plant grows well both in sunny areas and in partial shade. If you want to achieve early flowering, plant the bulbs where the snow melts first. When grown in partial shade, Chionodoxa may start flowering a little later than in the sun, but it will last longer. You can plant these plants even under trees and bushes, because when chionodox blooms, the shrubs and trees do not yet have leaves that absorb the light necessary for primroses to grow and bloom.
Chionodoxa in the open field is best adjacent to plants such as primroses, hellebores, hyacinths, crocuses, pushkinia, white flowers, adonis and dwarf irises.
How to plant
The soil on the site for chionodox should be neutral or slightly alkaline, loose, moderately moist and well fertilized. The plant will master well and will develop well if you add a little forest land with rotted foliage and fragments of tree bark to the soil.
Planting chionodoxa is carried out, like planting any bulbous plant. How close and how deep to place chionodoxa bulbs depends on their size. Large specimens are buried 6-8 cm, placing them in a row at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other. Smaller bulbs are buried by 4-6 cm, observing an interval of 6-8 cm between them.
Caring for chionodox in the garden
Planting chionodoxa and caring for it will not bother you, since this flower is one of the most unpretentious early flowering plants. You will only need to water the flower garden if there was no snow in winter and rain in spring. After wetting, you need to carefully loosen the soil around the plants, while removing the weeds. To do this less often, mulch the surface of the site with humus or dry peat. Caring for chionodoxes includes feeding and transplanting a plant, as well as, if necessary, treating a flower garden from pests or diseases. If you do not want chionodoxes to self-propagate, tear off their testes before they are ripe.
Watering and feeding
Systematic, abundant watering is very important for Chionodox in dry weather. The soil is moistened early in the morning so that drops do not fall on the flowers. The water should be cold and settled.
Mineral complexes are used as fertilizer, for example, Nitroammofosku, to the introduction of which in early spring the chionodoxes respond with lush and long flowering. Granular fertilizers are scattered over the area, after which the surface is shallowly loosened so that the root system of the plants assimilates it faster.
Transplant and reproduction
The easiest way is to reproduce chionodoxa vegetatively - by separating babies from the mother's bulb, which grow from 2 to 4 in one season. In one place, chionodoxa can grow up to ten years, but it is still better to dig nests once every 5-6 years, separate them and to seat. It is necessary to remove the bulbs from the soil in the second half of July, when the ground part of the plant turns yellow and dries up. And the bulbs are planted in the ground, as we already wrote, at the end of August or the beginning of September, therefore, before planting, the nests are stored in a dry, dark place at a temperature of 15-17 ºC. Do not separate the babies from the mother bulb immediately after removing from the soil, because during storage the smallest of them may die. It is better to divide the nest before the autumn planting, which is carried out according to the scheme already described by us.
It is inappropriate to grow chionodoxes by seed method, since they reproduce well by self-sowing: there is a fleshy formation on the seeds, which ants are very fond of, pulling the seeds far beyond the site. Chionodox from seeds bloom in 2-3 years.
Chionodox in winter
After the end of flowering, the arrow of the chionodox is cut off, but the leaves, as already written, are removed only after their wilting - in the second or third decade of July. Chionodoxa tolerates winter frosts without any problems, but if you planted it in an open area, it is better to cover it with a pile of dry foliage for the winter or throw it with spruce paws. Although in the southern regions, this precaution is unnecessary.
Pests and diseases
Like any other bulbous plant, Chionodoxa is susceptible to fungal diseases such as gray rot, sclerotinosis, fusarium, septoria, and achelenchoides. The problem is that these diseases affect the bulb under the ground, and we observe, as they say, the last act of the play - yellowing and drying of the leaves, but we do not have time to save the plant. Therefore, it is advisable to pickle the planting material before planting in a Fundazol solution and observe moderation when watering, avoiding stagnation of water and, as a result, rotting of the bulbs.
Of the pests for chionodoxa, the most dangerous are the larvae of the root meadow mite and rodents that damage the bulbs of the plant. Treatment of the plant with acaricidal preparations (Aktara, Akarin, Aktellik, Agravertin and the like) is effective against ticks, and they get rid of mice and moles by spreading poisoned baits around the site.
Types and varieties
As already mentioned, scientists have described six types of chionodox, but only three of them are grown in culture, as well as varieties and hybrids of different plant species.
Or chionodoxa tmolusi (Chionodoxa tmolusi) occurs naturally in southern Turkey. This species reaches a height of 25 cm. The plant forms a loose raceme on the peduncle, consisting of up to 15 white or pink flowers. This species does not form seeds, but the bulbs grow annually with children. In the culture of Chionodox forbesia since 1976. Such cultivated plant varieties are known:
- Alba - chionodox with snow-white flowers;
- Chionodox Blue Giant - variety with perianths of intense blue color;
- Pink Giant - garden form with lavender-pink flowers.
Chionodoxa lucilia (Chionodoxa luciliae)
Or chionodoxa gigantea named after Lucille Boissier. Chionodox grows in the mountains of Asia Minor, reaching a height of only 20 cm. The leaves of the plants of this species are grooved, linear. Flowers, up to 3 cm in diameter, blue-blue with a white throat, collected in inflorescences in an amount of up to 10 pieces. In culture, the species has been since 1764. The following varieties of chionodox Lucilia are popular:
- white - a plant up to 10 cm high with white flowers up to 2.5 cm in diameter, of which there are 3-4 pieces in one brush;
- pink - the color of the flowers is pink with a slight purple tint.
Gardeners are interested in the pink variety - Chionodox Rose Queen (aka Rosie Queen or Pink Queen), whose flowers are distinguished by a very beautiful shade of pink.
There is another type of chionodox Lucilia - a giant white one with flowers up to 4 cm in diameter.
Chionodoxa sardinian (Chionodoxa sardensis)
also originally from Asia Minor. This is a plant with two linear leaves, strong peduncles up to 12 cm high, which bear up to 10 bright blue flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, collected in a loose raceme. The plant has been cultivated since 1885. The species has garden forms with white and pink flowers.
There are also known Chionodox dwarf, or Cretan, Chionodox whitish and Mrs. Lok, which were used to obtain new varieties, but themselves have not yet been introduced into the culture. With the participation of different types of chionodoxa, breeder V. Khondyrev created a series of wonderful hybrids: Aquarelle, Artemis, Absolute, Atlantis, Andromeda, Aphrodite and Arctic. Also popular are hybrids between related plants Chionodox Forbes and Scylla two-leaved, which are called chionoscilla. They do not exceed 10 cm in height, and their small blue star-shaped flowers are formed not into loose, like chionodoxa, but dense inflorescences.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Asparagus
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
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What the characteristics of bnifophy look like
Kniphofia is a herbaceous perennial of the subfamily Asphodelaceae, better known as "knifofia" or "tritoma". Natural habitat - South and East Africa. Height varies within 1-1.5 m. Leathery xiphoid leaves are collected in a basal rosette.
The flowers are small, form tall (15-25 cm), spike-shaped inflorescences of a two-color color, resembling torches. Flowering begins in mid-July and lasts 3-3.5 months.
Winter hardiness of knifofia
The cold resistance of the flower is insufficient for many Russian regions. He is able to overwinter at -10-15 ° C. When the temperature drops below, even a careful shelter for the winter will not save the plant.
Growing seedlings from seeds
For regions with a temperate climate, the method is 100% suitable. Caring for seedlings has its own nuances, but in general, it is not more difficult than for sprouts of such species for open ground as Weigela, Mirabilis, Portulac, Dimorfoteka, Armeria.
The end of March is a suitable period for sowing small planting material. You should not postpone the cultivation of seedlings, then by the end of June, nemesia will delight the eye with the first buds.
Nemesia is grown from seeds using seedlings or sown directly in the garden or in a flower bed near the house. The plant has a stem root system, long elements are easy to damage and cannot be separated without breaking the integrity. For this reason, such a method of cultivating flowers, like dividing a bush, is not used for nemesia.
Soil and capacity
The soil should be loose, light, nutritious. It is useful to mix peat, leafy soil and sand (equal parts). It is important that there is no lime in the soil.
The seeds are very small, but the roots grow rapidly and deepen. For this reason, a narrow but deep wooden box is needed. A good option is to sow small "grains" directly into peat pots. It is important to take cups with a base made from a natural substance, and not cardboard, which is often found in cheap containers. When buying, you need to ask for a quality certificate: if the proportion of peat is below 70%, then poor growth and death of seedlings are possible with a deficiency of nutrients.
It is useful to study the nuances that affect the growth and development of seedlings. An important point is the temperature regime: a very warm room is not needed for seedlings of nemesia.
Important aspects of growing seedlings:
- temperature. Optimum performance is at +20 degrees. After a couple of weeks (or a little earlier) sprouts appear, then the glass is immediately removed, the seedlings are transferred to a cooler place: not higher than + 15 ° C, so that the seedlings do not stretch too quickly. It is important that the sun's rays fall on the sprouts.
- watering. After germination of the grains, it is necessary to maintain the moisture content of the soil, but do not fill the soil. Seedlings are sprayed, not watered. Moisten the substrate regularly, make sure that a dense dry crust does not form on the surface
- humidity. Before germination, seeds in the soil are under glass or film. After the appearance of the first senses, the protective coating is completely removed, otherwise rotting of the sprouts is possible. To avoid stress, you need to regularly (every day) ventilate the soil until the sprouts have sprouted: move the glass back a little or partially open the film for 10-15 minutes. Excess moisture is harmful, especially at moderate temperatures: mold may develop
- lighting. Good lighting is necessary for the growth of the senses. It is convenient to put peat pots or a container with seedlings on a wide window sill or on an old table near the window. It is important that direct rays do not fall on young specimens for a long time.
- Young plants must be hardened, strong before the grower transplants them to the site. Nemesia loves the sun, you need to pick up a site where there is no deep shade and trees with a dense crown.
- The optimal period is early June. By this time, recurrent frosts have stopped in most regions, the heat-loving plant will not freeze out when it gets cold. The temperature when planting seedlings on a flower bed or lawn is at least + 18 ° C.
- A day without precipitation, strong wind, fog is suitable for the procedure. The soil is fertilized with peat (a little), dug up, carefully break up the clods.
- After picking, the seedlings are sprayed. You can add a little chopped straw mulch if dry days are common in the area. A good mulch option is crushed peat: with each watering, the roots will receive not only moisture, but also additional nutrition.
In flower beds, sparaxis is usually placed in groups of 50-90 plants or more, forming colorful glades in the garden. In combination with other ornamental plants, it is placed on the first line, since the flower is very decorative, but compact and does not block the higher species planted in the background. The flower is ideal for planting in rock gardens, pots and hanging containers. Looks good in combination with dahlias, ixia and gladiolus.
Sparaxis is often used as a cut flower and also looks great in vases.
Representatives of the African wild flora often become the basis for the breeding of ornamental plants grown in our climate. They have special energy, intense aromas and colors, are usually unpretentious in care, and are not damaged by diseases. Sparaxis is also distinguished by these qualities. This flower is able to revive and warm the atmosphere of our gardens, and easy care will allow even gardeners with little experience to grow it successfully.