9 tips to get rid of damaging mold in your cellar
A damp and cool cellar is the ideal storage for vegetables and preservation. Unfortunately, this environment is also favorable for dangerous mold. You can get rid of it using various methods.
The use of this method does not require special skills, but it is imperative to read the instructions. Indeed, during the combustion of a smoke bomb, sulfur dioxide is released - a poisonous gas that is dangerous to human health.
The sulfur checker is used not only to get rid of mold, but also to kill insects, fungi and rodents. The room must be vacated before use. In addition to all food products, even those sealed, you need to take out wood and metal products. Items that cannot be dismantled should be wrapped in foil.
Place the checker in the center of the cellar on a brick pedestal or on the bottom of an old bucket. Light the wick and leave the room immediately. Close the doors and fill in all the cracks. It will burn for several hours. Keep the room closed for another 2 days. After that, it must be thoroughly ventilated.
The modern market for specialized anti-mold products pleases with a variety. Chemicals have much more advantages than other methods of getting rid of pathogenic fungi:
- use does not require additional skills;
- safe for humans;
- breadth of application (some drugs can be added to building mixtures for prophylaxis);
- careful impact on the wall;
- complete elimination of mold;
- long-term effect.
Whiteness from mold in the cellar
An effective and fast method of getting rid of dangerous microorganisms. It is necessary to dilute a concentrated solution of whiteness and water, then treat the walls with it. Be sure to observe the precautions:
- clothing made of dense fabric that covers all parts of the body;
Free the room from food in advance.
After 15-20 minutes after processing with a spatula, remove the top layer from the affected areas, dry them with paper or gauze. Allow to dry completely.
A solution of ammonia and water in a 1: 1 ratio is sprayed onto the surface damaged by the fungus. After 1-1.5 hours, wash off with water. Ventilate well during and after treatment.
Great for smooth surfaces (tiles, glass). Porous materials are not completely cleaned of mold.
A quick and safe way to get rid of mold. Organic acid has a detrimental effect on the growth of fungi.
Dissolve 1 tsp in a glass of water. lemons and process the walls.
Dilute blue vitriol granules in warm water, about 40 ° C, so the powder will dissolve faster. The optimal ratio is 100 grams of vitriol per 10 liters of water. It is more convenient to mix it with a smaller amount first, and then add the liquid.
Apply the solution to areas damaged by mold and leave for 5-6 hours. Then remove the mushrooms with a spatula.
Whitewashing a cellar is the oldest way to fight fungus. First, the surfaces are cleaned, then covered with a lime mortar (2 kilograms of unslaked lime per 10 liters of water). You can add vitriol or an anti-mildew chemical for greater effect.
Quartz lamps are great for killing mold spores. The device only acts on open areas. His work will be useless if the fungus is hidden under the plaster.
You need to apply the method several times a day for 30 minutes with large-scale foci of infection. After quartzing, the room is ventilated for 30-40 minutes, only then can the walls be treated with additional chemicals for a better result.
Warm air treatment
Dampness is the main cause of mold. A dehumidifier or heat gun can help normalize the humidity level. Their power is selected depending on the area of the room. For a space of 20 sq. m. a small unit that holds 20 liters is suitable. water.
First, the humidity in the cellar is measured with a hygrometer. The norm is 85-95%. Heat treatment will start after all values are set on the display of the device.
The duration of the work depends on the dimensions of the basement and the deviations from the norm of humidity.
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Don't be fooled by the beautifully magnified photos of mold on the walls. Luxurious gardens and thickets formed by mold are nothing more than fungal spores. Once in the human lungs, they provoke a number of serious diseases, including bronchial asthma.
People with weakened immune systems, children and the elderly may experience frequent headaches, nausea, heart pains, and discomfort in the musculoskeletal tissues. If there are no other explanations for the painful sensations, one option remains: the cause of the disease is poisoning with fungal spores.
There are many types of mold: on the walls in houses you can find black, green, white, gray, blue and even pink mold. If the "colored" mold is not so dangerous for humans (although it is not recommended to eat foods affected by the fungus), then black mold can cause a disease that is dangerous for humans and animals - aspergillosis. Therefore, it is important to get rid of it as quickly as possible.
The causes of mold
First, let's clarify what mold is, why it is black and what causes it to appear. Black mold is a collection of small organisms, notably Strachybotrus Chartarun and Strachybotys Bcmpa, that cause a wide range of health problems. It can be found anywhere in your home, including ceiling tiles, wood (soaked in water), walls, floors, and carpets. Small leaks or plumbing problems lead to mold growth as it only spreads in humid environments.
For example, if your rug is wet and not completely dry, mold may develop on it and spread throughout your home.
If you touch the black mold with your gloved hand, you will feel that it is slimy, like a slug. Usually this mold is black in color, but there are also greenish-yellowish varieties. Black mold has a very distinct 'mildew' odor. Sometimes it is difficult to notice it. But if you suddenly start experiencing breathing problems, or have an allergic reaction, take a good look at your home.
Where does mold appear
Dampness, lack of sufficient supply of fresh air, combined with low temperature - ideal conditions for the development of colonies of fungi, causing the appearance of dark bloom, black spots in various parts of the room. Mold most often affects poorly ventilated areas, places where the hostess does not always get to clean and disinfect.
Where does a mole come from in an apartment and how to deal with a parasite? Read useful information.
How and how to remove mold in the cellar? Effective methods of fighting fungus are described on this page.
The main places of localization:
- wall from the inside in the absence of a sufficient layer of insulation or in case of non-observance of the technology of insulation of buildings
- panel joints, corners
- wooden frames
- seams between tiles in the bathroom
- water pipes with frequent accumulation of condensation on them.
Such a vigorous mixture allows you to remove the fungus in the apartment both on the walls and on other surfaces at the highest level. All components should be combined with water in a ratio of 4: 2: 2: 1, where 4 parts are water, 1 is vinegar, 2 are peroxide and boric acid.
The resulting solution is sprayed onto the surface several times and not washed off. The procedure should be carried out in a ventilated area, thinking about protecting the face, eyes, mucous membranes and hands.
All these components are able to cope with mold at the highest level, and all together give an overall amazing effect.
Sometimes it is not enough to simply spray the stain on the stain to remove mold. Such methods are appropriate at the initial stage of the manifestation of the fungus. More serious lesions require removing wallpaper or plaster, and treating the wall with mortars that destroy not only fungi and mold, but also moss, yeast and algae. They are distinguished by their high fungicidal properties and deep penetration.
Mold in each room has its own characteristics, therefore, the approaches to dealing with it should be slightly different.
To prevent the reappearance of the fungus, you should adhere to some rules:
- carry out prophylaxis with detergents antifungal agents
- wash walls more often and wipe dry in wet areas
- organize good ventilation and ventilation
- do not save on heating: the room must be dried, especially in the cold season
- leave the bathroom door open
- seal cracks around windows and consider additional wall insulation.
The most important thing is to comply with preventive measures:
- regular cleaning
- ventilation and airing
- high quality heating and thermal insulation.
Once the mold has been removed, it is sometimes not easy to get rid of the smell. Here, ordinary soda can come to the rescue, placed around the room in small containers, or charcoal briquettes. After a while, they will absorb unpleasant odors.
Soda perfectly absorbs odors, so after such a procedure, the smell will either disappear or become much weaker.
The possibilities of mold are often underestimated, and it is necessary to deal with it already at the first minor manifestations. In this case, the most important thing is to find and eliminate the root causes of its appearance and spread, otherwise all efforts may be ineffective. However, you should not despair, because you can always find the perfect protection option.
So, for example, in the bathroom the joints between tiles and sanitary ware are most vulnerable. Black plaque appears most quickly in them, which does not wash off - this is mold. In this situation, the seams are cleaned with a metal scraper, and then the antiseptic grout and sealant are reapplied.
You can also do with applying a solution of whiteness, soda, vinegar or tea tree to the affected area in the bathroom.
If mold has formed on the ceiling, moisten the surface with water, wait for a while until softened, and then remove the whitewash and plaster with a spatula. Next, the surface is treated with an antifungal agent and a primer is applied, which also includes antifungal agents. After it dries, a penetrating primer is applied, and you can proceed to further finishing the ceiling.
With minor manifestations of the fungus, solutions of whiteness, tea tree, soda or vinegar can be used to treat the ceiling.
The most difficult question is how to get rid of mold on the wallpaper. In rare cases, it is possible to preserve them and not spoil the color, preserve the drawing.
In the initial stages, solutions from soda, ammonia or vinegar will be saved.
If the walls are painted, the mold is more likely to spread over the surface of the paint, so it will be enough to remove only the paint and varnish, and then proceed with serious means of protecting against fungi.
It will be more difficult to get rid of troubles on plasterboard walls or ceilings. Gypsum has a porous structure, which very well promotes the spread of spores into the material. Therefore, in this situation, the cardboard layer should be removed, and then proceed with the removal of the inner gypsum. After that, everything is treated with special means, a solution and a deep penetration primer, and then, after drying, everything is sealed with gypsum mortar.
It should be borne in mind that mold can develop deeper into the material. In this case, professional tools are suitable.
If you do not fight the initial manifestations of the fungus, in 10-12 months the mold will eat not only plaster or wallpaper, but also get to concrete and brick, and this is already very serious.
In ancient times, people did not know how to deal with mold, so they abandoned their houses when it began to "absorb" their home. Nowadays, there are many means and ways to get it out, the main thing is to find the right one for yourself, not to panic and act in a comprehensive manner. To fight it is worth using any means, both folk and professional. In war, all methods are good. After all, the main thing is victory!
It is important to eliminate the causes of mold in order to get rid of them, otherwise all efforts may be ineffective.