While a neighbor is waving a shovel, my husband and I are resting: why you don't need to dig a garden for the winter
My husband and I prefer to visit the vegetable garden in September just to relax in the fresh air, go to pick mushrooms in the neighboring forest and fry kebabs. And every September we are faced with the condemning gaze of our neighbor, who carefully digs up the beds, removes tops and withered foliage.
However, in my opinion, he is engaged in absolutely useless work, digging the ground before winter, instead of enjoying the beauty of falling asleep nature.
And by its actions, it only aggravates the situation even more and deprives itself of the opportunity to harvest a rich harvest in the next season. The fact is that during the digging, the soil channels created during the summer season are disturbed, through which oxygen and moisture, vital for the root system of crops, enter the soil.
By breaking this system created by nature itself, we actually deprive our plants of most of the nutrients and air necessary for some chemical processes.
Moreover, the upper nutrient humus layer of the soil, which is responsible for the fertility of the soil, falls to the very bottom. As a result, all the necessary conditions are lost for the normal functioning of the beneficial soil microflora. Thus, the structure of the soil is disturbed, and it loses its physical properties. Naturally, there is no need to talk about any good harvest in the next season.Some summer residents, including our neighbor, think that digging will help get rid of insect pests and their larvae, which hibernate close to the surface, with the help of frost and birds. But no one thinks at the same time that earthworms, other beneficial insects and bacteria responsible for soil fertility will die along with harmful organisms. It will not be easy to restore the lost balance in the spring, and the earth will take a lot of time to do this.
Another misconception concerns the fact that there will be much less weeds in the spring after the autumn digging. But this is not the case.
Small roots, root shoots, seeds can go into very deep layers of the soil, where they winter safely until spring. With the first rays of the spring sun, weeds will inevitably germinate, so weeding will be required in any case. The main argument of the supporters of digging the beds in the fall is that a crust forms on the surface of the earth, the top layer is too compacted and prevents the penetration of air and moisture into deeper layers, where usually the roots of plants lie. But even well-dug earth after the first rain inevitably compresses and hardens.
Therefore, there is no point in digging ahead of winter.
In order to saturate the soil with oxygen and moisture in the spring, it is enough to thoroughly loosen it, paying special attention to the root area of shrubs and trees. Moreover, after each watering, the earth will harden again, so loosening must be carried out regularly.
Preparing the beds for the new season: is it necessary to dig up the garden in the fall
The summer season is coming to an end. Gardeners are hastily harvesting their crops and leaving their plots until spring. It is necessary not only to dig up flowers, remove inventory and fill the soil with fertilizers. To get a rich harvest in the new season, you should also think about digging the land. This used to be a mandatory practice for many gardeners. But today people most often refuse it. So is it necessary to dig a garden in the fall?
What does the cultivation of the land give in the fall?
First of all, this simplifies and facilitates planting work in the spring. Even those who are against such an event agree with this. After all, when the last vegetables are collected, the cold weather is still quite far away. And if the weather is warm, then the beds are overgrown with weeds. This means that if you do not remove them now, then next season it will be more difficult to combat the dominance of weeds. What else advantages of this procedure?
- The soil becomes softer and more loose
- The land cleared of weeds is saturated with oxygen, moisture
- In spring, such soil warms up faster than untreated soil from autumn
- During autumn soil cultivation, a good water-air regime is created for plants.
- The thermal properties of the soil are also improved in spring, the land will ripen faster for planting.
The pluses of the autumn work can be attributed to the fact that the remains of the stems, stones and other debris were removed ahead of time. All this makes it easier to work in the garden in the spring. In addition, tillage in autumn is usually carried out with a turnover of the soil layer. It helps fight pests and disease-causing bacteria. After all, they hibernate in the upper layers of the soil. And after digging up the earth, some of them will simply die from freezing by the spring.
Is it necessary to dig the land in the fall: the opinions of agronomists
Geoscientists agree that deep digging of the soil with the overturning of the soil layer disrupts the structure of the soil and moves the soil microorganisms that form humus from the surface to the depth. As a result, they die from lack of oxygen. In addition, during drought, the soil dries up and is carried by the wind.
Meanwhile, many summer residents without fail dig up the beds in the fall after harvesting. Many of them in this way are simply trying to put things in order at the site. Undoubtedly, the trampled soil overgrown with young weeds spoils the whole picture. If you are not worried about the future harvest, you can safely take up the shovel.
Ideally, before deciding to dig, it is necessary to study the soil on the site, since everything depends on it. Heavy clay soil with a close occurrence of groundwater in autumn is still worth digging up. It is best to do this before the onset of the rainy season. Otherwise, you will only compact the soil. When digging, deepen the shovel by about 15 centimeters, no more. It is advisable not to turn the soil over, but only to shift the layers, while choosing the roots of the weeds. It will not work to remove all the weeds in this way, but you can reduce their number at times.
Do not break up large clods, as a blocky surface will better retain moisture, which will prevent the soil from “flooding” and caking during rains. At the same time, if necessary, add "autumn" fertilizers and lime (bone, dolomite flour, etc.). Liming is best done in autumn, so that by spring the lime has been completely absorbed and it does not burn the roots of seedlings and seedlings, and also does not harm the reproduction of soil-forming bacteria. It is better to postpone the addition of organic matter (compost, manure) until spring.
There is no need to dig up light, loose, abundant humus, as well as sandy soils in the fall. Many experienced agronomists are sure of this. Instead, just loosen them up with a hoe or rake. Only very contaminated areas can be dug up with a garden pitchfork, while choosing large roots of weeds.
About two weeks after loosening, shoots should appear on the beds, which can be easily destroyed with a hoe. This simple operation will reduce the amount of weeds.
HEALTHY PRIMER WITH YOUR OWN HANDS
Did you know that nwhiteworms do not live in soil with neutral pH, and the larvae of May beetles do not like areas that often loosen? There are other secrets to healthy soil as well. But let's start in order.
Clicker larvae (wireworms) love potatoes. And it can be very difficult to "win back" the tubers from them.
To get rid of these pests, follow the crop rotation and do not return the potatoes to their original place earlier than after 3 years.
Grow green manures (phacelia, lupine, mustard) in autumn after harvest and in early spring before the first planting.
Keep an eye on the acidity level of the soil - it should be close to neutral. To do this, in the fall or spring, add 350-400 g of chalk or lime per 1 sq. M.
If there were a lot of wireworms in the past season, in the spring, as soon as the soil warms up to a depth of 8-9 cm, put fresh potato peels or pieces of potatoes in baby food jars and bury them shallowly into the ground. Mark the trap spots with plastic knives or sticks. After 2-3 days, dig up the containers, destroy the pests that have fallen into the traps, lay fresh cleanings and bury them again.
Spill out the areas where the pests have been noticed two or three times at weekly intervals.
nettle (10 kg of chopped fresh grass, pour 200 liters of cold water, leave for 2-3 days) - at least 7 liters per 1 sq. m.
Pour 100 ml of beer into half-liter wide-mouth bottles. Bury them in holes at an angle of 45 degrees. Place a piece of plywood under the neck so that it is 5-6 cm below ground level. Cover the top with a light-permeable material, sprinkle the edges with soil. Check traps periodically and eliminate pests.
Fitoftore - fight!
If last summer the vegetables on the site were sick with late blight or other fungal infections, spill the beds with celandine infusion (pour 100 g of chopped fresh grass, pour 10 liters of hot water, leave for 3 days, strain and dilute with water 1: 3 before use) from a watering can at the rate of 4-5 l per 1 sq.m. 4-5 days after the procedure, pour the soil with Fitosporin solution (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
Is it worth digging a garden before winter?
Digging a garden before winter is optional, but you can. This is done so that there are fewer weeds next year (after all, when you dig, you remove the roots of the ill-fated plants), and there will be no need to dig up in the spring. The snow will melt and you can already plant it right away, the bed is ready. Conveniently. But you can dig it up in the spring. This is your choice.
There can be no unambiguous answer to this question, since everything depends on the land on the site. Digging a vegetable garden, you can get rid of the weeds: the seeds of these plants will end up at the bottom and will not germinate.
Agricultural experts advise to dig a garden on heavy soils, especially when fertilizing.
But on lungs soils, you do not need to waste precious time digging. It is enough to weed, on such "air" land it is quite simple to do it.
In the villages, all the vegetable gardens are dug up after the harvest. At the same time, weeds are selected on personal plots, in large gardens or in the field they are plowed with a tractor, no one leaves the land uncultivated in winter. The roots of the weeds, which remain in lumps after plowing, freeze in winter, and in the spring it is easier to process an already plowed field, it is enough to just burrow. At the same time, moisture in the soil is better retained and better penetrates to the depth. In spring and plowed in autumn, the land warms up faster, which means you can sow something earlier, but a spring day is expensive, you will sow earlier and the harvest will be better. In your garden, using the already dug-up garden, it is easier to cook beds.
Do I need to dig in fruit trees in the fall - Summer cottage, garden, vegetable garden, indoor plants
In the fall, it's time to take care of the condition of the personal plot and garden. The creation of comfortable wintering conditions for fruit trees is the primary task of gardeners.
What does garden maintenance in the fall include? On the eve of the winter cold, after the leaves have completely fallen off, you can proceed to sanitary pruning, thinning, and reducing the crowns of perennial trees to 4-4.5 m.
It is better to postpone detailed anti-aging pruning until spring.
Why? First, there are concerns about the possibility of freezing of trees. Secondly, the cuts of perennial branches of large diameter can become a source of frost damage even when they are treated with garden varnish or oil paint. In the fall, a thorough inspection of fruit trees is carried out, and dry, damaged branches are removed.
Together with the removal of sick, dry branches, trees are cleared of dried fruits on the branches, nests, egg-laying pests are burned, growths are cut, leaf litter, root shoots, where many species of aphids have accumulated, are removed.